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‘Nigeria needs wealth creation, not poverty alleviation

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‘Nigeria needs wealth creation, not poverty alleviation

Dr. Yele Okeremi is the current President, Institute of Software Practitioners of Nigeria (ISPON) and the Chief Executive Officer of Precise Financial Systems Ltd. In this interview with SAMSON AKINTARO, he speaks on government policies, economy and the role of technology, among others

 

Though it is still less than a year, can you tell us how it has been since you became the president of Institute of Software Practitioners of Nigeria (ISPON)? Serving as the president of ISPON has been a privilege and a very great opportunity, to serve my constituency. I also became the president at a very auspicious time, being the fifth president of ISPON at the very year when ISPON is turning 20 and that is worth celebrating. But it also calls for sober reflection for ISPON, because when you have a 20-year-old child who is still trying to crawl or learn how to walk, it is not very nice, but when the child is alive there is hope.

What is the state of local software currently?

Local software is trying to discover itself; I will like to know what the minister of finance will have to say about how much software has contributed into the gross domestic product (GDP) but I have a feeling that it is going to be an infinitesimal percentage and I will not be surprised if it is so. But the question is why shouldn’t software be major? Rather than talk about software, the government is focused on agriculture and I do not blame government because this government is very interested in poverty alleviation. It is a way to think but I think a smart government would think about wealth creation and wealth maximization. It is like saying rather than talk about darkness reduction, why don’t you talk about light expansion. What happens when you focus on poverty alleviation is that rather than focusing on things that will give you maximum leverage and maximum multiplier effect, you are looking at giving N10, 000 to people, which is a waste of time. If you take a look at the social services in the United States, they are funded by taxes; taxes are generated from people that create wealth. So, ordinarily, social services are funded from wealth that has been created. The kind of things our government is dancing about is not normal; but then again, it is all about perception. What the government is looking at is concentrating on Agriculture, which in itself is not bad, but again, with all due respect, if I were to concentrate on Agriculture, it won’t be the way the government is looking at it. Look at what Israel is doing with agriculture. How much land do they have in the whole of Israel? It is all rock. But they have used pure technology to drive agriculture. What are we doing about technology in Nigeria? Who is talking about it? What is the policy direction of the government for technology? We just sit down in cabinet, talk about mundane issues and we are happy, going about the places saying we are doing well. In other places they form what our governments are dancing on from normal situations and like I said, it is about what your perception is and what they are looking at is their concentration on agriculture.

Just recently, the government of China extended $328 million loans to Nigeria for ICT development. How far do you think this will go to improve the sector if the fund is well utilised?

Fela sang a song many years ago, and the way that song went was that ‘what you should have seen that you refused to see, you should be crying’. Let’s assume that the money is a gift, which will never be, what China will do is that they will never give you that money in cash. They will give you service and you know how that works. They come and give you their service to you, they monetise it and that becomes a loan. You are happy and clapping that you have attracted foreign investment when you should be crying. What you are doing is that you are exporting employment and importing unemployment. And that is why you see many Chinese on Nigerian streets today doing things that ordinary Nigerians should be doing. Some are even hawking. I don’t intend to be a government critic, my job is to proffer alternatives and engage. I want us to have a very healthy debate of looking at the alternatives to some of the things we are doing and see whether we can get maximum leverage. What we call foreign investment in Nigeria is foreign enslavement. I think one question we should ask ourselves, as a country is that, are we being led by our own best? If you look at what is happening in some countries like the US, UK, and China, before you can occupy certain position, you must have proven yourself. They know where you must be at certain stage of your life if you are ever going to aspire for any office.

Why do you think unemployment issue persists in the country despite the existence of a number of young people creating jobs with technology?

First of all, there are two aspects of it, usually people would say when technology comes in, it makes human more idle, but nobody has ever argued that technology creates more wealth. As I said earlier that rather than talk about darkness why don’t we talk about light, rather than talk about reducing poverty, why don’t we talk about creating more wealth, which is what smart nations are doing. Why don’t we create mega institutions that have the capacity that every additional naira you put in? You create N15 and you create more employments? We need to shift our thinking from one side. Back to unem- ployment, talking about capacity, which nation would y o u want to compare with Nigeria in the world, when you do not have a value system that galvanizes youths together, you will continue to be in the state of yoyo, other countries are looking for how to develop pupils from primary schools, we are waiting for when oil prices will go up. This is the reason why unemployment exists because we have chosen not to focus on things that creates value. Human being is the only thing God created with a will that has the capacity to say I will defy gravity. For all other things, whatever goes up must come down; only human being has the capacity to say I want to sustain it up there. And what that means is that we are primordial, and we are not so far from the apes only that we wear suits and agbada and that is the real challenge we have with the system and it is very sad. Are there no smart Nigerians? I was reading about it that the highest paid robotic engineer in the world is a Nigerian. Let’s get real, many Nigerians have excelled in all these areas but when they come on this soil what happens? When Zuckerberg came to Nigeria even the president wanted a picture with him and the irony of that is that there are many unemployed Nigerians that are in the class of Zuckerberg, and he exist because he belongs to a system that allows him to thrive and there are many people like that here who will not see the light of the day except by criminality. This is the sadness of this country.

Talking about leadership, the people in government often travel around the world and they see the level of developments over there. Why are they not making moves to replicate such in the coun- try?

Anybody can travel anywhere and see things, but what does your mind tell you? I am sure you have read this story before about two salesmen that were sent somewhere in India to sell shoes, and the first one got there and realized they do not wear shoes and went back home and shortly after, the second one went and said why did you send me here alone! Can you please send my wife?

This is where I want to be, there is no market that is like this, and it tells us that what you see is different from what you interpret or perceive and your interpretation from what you see, which is now called perception is a function of your education and when you talk about education is not just about going to school, it is about the type of conversation you have, do you see opportunities or do you see obstacles? You know that a number of our officials, when they travel overseas, what do they do? We see them on television, others are in plenary but they are sleeping while some are looking for how to shop. So you are expecting much from such people? Well, your guess is as good as mine. So, they can see but they do not perceive appropriately.

Have you noticed one thing about this country? Ever since this country became Nigeria, has it ever produced a leader who is an entrepreneur and who has created anything in his life before going into government? So why are you surprised at where we are? If you do not know how to create value, you cannot give what you do not have. I have said this several times that what Africa needs is entrepreneurial leadership and I say this without no fear of equivocation, these are the same principles that you need as a father in a home and it is not different from what you need as a CEO of a company, a president of a country.

There is a belief that education or lack of education is what defines the society, how would you rate Nigeria’s educational system? Do you think some of the curriculums need to be reviewed to fit into what the developing countries are doing now?

Education is actually the basic minimum for a country that will develop. Why? You need a sound mind and a sound body for you to get creativity. When I talk about soundness of mind I talk about what do you perceive, who do you talk to, who are your companions? When you go to our universities, you will see there is a huge disconnect between our academia and practice to the extent that the same notes you used to teach me (I graduated more than 30 years ago) is the same notes they still use to train my children and grandchildren.

Then you and I know what to expect and they are not improving. They do not have interaction with what is current, it tells you why some of those challenges are there. That is why if you go to some countries such as the US, for example, the interaction between academia and industry is so interesting that when you see a Professor in Harvard, he is on the board of two or three companies. And that is how he became a Professor because his Chair is funded; the industry knows that he is doing something that is relevant to them. He is using industry data for research. And he is using that information to teach in the class.

That is why by the time most of their students are in year three; they are already doing things that will change the society. These are the things that we need to understand and know that if we want to really increase knowledge and become productive people, we have to think that way. I think we have a long way to go. We have to adjust many things, not just curriculum, if we are going to develop as a nation.

Since banks cannot be divorced from economic development, how will you access financial institutions in the country in terms of lending?

The role of banks in the economy is financial intermediation from surplus financial units to deficit financial units and in-between, they make a reasonable spread to create their own profit.

But in Nigeria, it is increasingly difficult for them to function as banks and I will tell you why. I was reading Harvard Business review this morning, the latest edition, and it’s talking about the cost of efficiency and what happens when you over concentrate on one thing. Smartness dictates that rather than having one strong organisation, you can have 35 more malleable, more controllable organisations, so that if there is a failure of ten per cent or even 30 per cent, you can still survive. As it stands today, if Dangote Plc has a problem, the entire economy of Nigeria will suffer.

The system is such that it has over concentrated privileges on a few people and that is one of the major challenges of our banking system. So, you find out that the playfield is not level at all. You have majority, more than 98 per cent down there and only about 2 per cent who have privileges and able to do what they want to do. There is no society that works that way.

So, rather than lending to small companies, the banks are investing in Treasury bills, which is the most secure investment. With that, the financial institutions are not playing the roles they are expected to play. It is not surprising that if you look at the economy today, you will see that the banking industry is perceived to be doing so well while the real sector is not doing well. But you can’t really blame the banks, we don’t have a functioning identity database so the risks are too high to lend to people that cannot be traced. So we have a combination of factors encouraging the banks to put money in Treasury Bills rather than lending.

With the current situation where established companies are unable to get loans from banks, what is the fate of small companies, especially tech start-ups who need funds to become fully established?

For them, there is good news and there is bad news. The good news is that there is hope for tech start-ups because money is like water; it always finds the lowest level. There is money everywhere and you may be aware that there has been a lot of foreign money coming into the country recently for tech start-ups. Andela raised $100 million, where did that money come from? It’s from foreign investors. Wakanow raised $40 million few weeks ago, tens of billions of dollars are still coming. But you know what the problem is, and which is the bad news? I told you earlier that the things that we should be crying over are what we are dancing over. When Andela raised $100 million from foreign company, who owns Andela now? They are not Nigerian concerns, so once again, Nigeria finds itself importing finished goods and exporting talent. Even though they are sitting in Nigeria and developing solutions, when they sell to Nigerians, the money goes abroad. So, the tech startups are getting funding and will still continue to get, but at the end of the day, the money goes back to the source.

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Report: CBN trying to force banks to lend, not buy bills

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Report: CBN trying to force banks to lend, not buy bills

Nigeria’s central bank barred banks from buying bills for their own accounts at an open market auction held on Thursday, a move intended to force them to lend rather than invest in government debt, traders said on Friday.

The bank is stepping up a campaign to get credit flowing. Last week, it limited the size of interest-bearing deposits it would hold for banks, the latest in a series of measures aimed at reviving an sluggish economy

The central bank, which had not issued market stabilisation bills for about a week before Thursday’s auction, told banks bids must be backed by customer demand. In the past, banks have bought government debt rather than assume risk by lending.

It was unclear if the order applied to Thursday’s auction only. Banks can still purchase bills on the secondary market, traders said.

At Thursday’s open market auction, the central bank offered 75 billion naira ($245.14 million) of bills, drawing demand totalling 475 billion naira for the various maturities. The bank sold one-year bills at a yield of 12.25%.

A trader said Thursday’s auction was aimed at non-bank investors, adding that the central bank has considered offering bills directly to foreign investors to support the currency.

STRUCTURAL REFORMS NEEDED

The central bank had been issuing securities at high yields to mop up naira, a policy it maintained for more than two years to attract foreign inflows into bonds and support the naira.

It was unclear which option the central bank wants to pursue: boosting credit flow locally or maintaining a stable currency in the face of high inflation and dollar shortages, reports Reuters.

At its last rate meeting in March, the bank cut rates by 50 basis points for the first time since November 2015, saying it wanted to signal a new direction. Analysts expect another 50-bp rate cut on Tuesday.

Bankers doubt the measure will do much to boost lending unless credit risk is addressed through reforms.

“I’m not quite sure this is an effective way of getting banks to put their balance sheet on the line to areas where they clearly perceive risk,” one banker told Reuters. “The central bank wants to drive growth in the economy without structural reforms, which is counter-productive.”

President Muhammadu Buhari won re-election in February and has pledged to get the economy growing again. But he has failed to set up a cabinet months after gaining a second term.

Analysts said recent policies aimed at boosting loans to revive the economy could have a knock-on effect by lowering yields to unattractive levels for foreign investors, which could weaken the naira.

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Cashew as catalyst for Nigeria’s agric potential

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Cashew as catalyst for Nigeria’s agric potential

The untapped potentials of cashew once again came to light at the recent annual general meeting (AGM) of National Cashew Association of Nigeria (NCAN) where it was disclosed that the country’s cashew production hit 260,000 tonnes this year from 90,000 tonnes in 2011. Taiwo Hassan reports

 

deally, the rebirth of the country’s agriculture under the current administration of President Muhammadu Buhari has been applauded in many quarters because of the attention the administration gave to agriculture to re-jig the country’s non-oil sector.

Similarly, the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) has also played a key role towards revamping the moribund agriculture sector by rolling out intervention funds that have helped to galvanize and turn around the sector for steady growth and development.

However, one of the leading agric commodities, cashew, has been a money spinner for the country’s economy following the rate of sustainable development being achieved in terms of production, exports and accrued revenue.

Money spinners

Interestingly, the turnaround in the country’s cashew sector has seen the commodity being listed among non-oil exports, where the Federal Government intends to generate about $30 million.

Other agric commodities in the export list include ginger, cocoa products, hibiscus, sesame seeds, columbite for use in alloys, monalite for use in engineering and zircon.

Speaking during a meeting with President Buhari in Abuja recently, the Executive Director/Chief Executive Officer of Nigerian Export Promotion Council (NEPC), Segun Awolowo, disclosed that Nigeria, within the next 10 to 15 years, could earn about $150 billion from non-oil revenue sources.

Particularly, he said that the successful implementation of a zero oil plan would significantly increase foreign exchange earnings for the country.

“The zero oil plan is about raising production and productivity. We identified 22 sectors where we can earn foreign exchange apart from oil. We are hoping that in the next 10-15 years we will be able to raise $150 billion from sources outside oil,” Awolowo said.

In fact, cashew was identified as juicy crop in non-oil export because of its high return on investment.

This in return has buoyed the country’s non-oil export revenue for this fiscal year.

In the same vein, the Federal Government also announced that it was planning to get more cashew nut processing machines nationwide to enable the country double export earnings from $800 million to $1.7 billion.

A former Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development, Chief Audu Ogbeh, who dropped the hint, stated that government was already thinking of completing the building of cashew nut processing facilities nationwide in order to boost processed cashew nut export and earn more foreign exchange.

He explained that government would be working with cashew nut processors and other relevant associations in the country to ensure the success of the facility in order to bolster production.

He described cashew nut as one of the key non-oil exports that the current administration is looking at in order to increase its revenue base, adding that its contribution to national export earnings had been on a steady increase since 2015.

Production capacity

The National Cashew Association of Nigeria during its annual general meeting in Lagos stated that Nigeria’s cashew production had hit 260,000 tons this year from 90,000 tons in 2011.

However, the members attributed the increase to the Babatola Faseru-led executive’s efforts to promote cashew production in the country.

NCAN said it had been able to improve local, national and international image for cashew brand.

The association said it focused on the key gaps inhibiting growth in the business that will help to rebuild the sector’s potential, stimulate growth, and enable smallholder farmers to raise their incomes and yields, while creating jobs for young people and raising income for women.

Nigeria is rated the fourth largest producer of cashew nuts in Africa and seventh in the world with the bulk of its cashew nuts and cashew kernels exported to Vietnam and India.

NCAN then called on government to allot funds and create schemes to increase cashew nut production.

According to the association, cashew is a major agricultural produce and efforts have been made to boost farmers’ productivity and improve cashew production practices.

CBN’s impact

In one of the fora in Abuja, the central bank revealed that it would massively support farmers to boost the production of cashew, tomato, cocoa and palm oil across the country this year.

CBN Governor, Godwin Emefiele, said the move was in line with Federal Government’s quest to attain self-sufficiency and reduce food imports.

Already, the dynamics of the Central Bank of Nigeria’s Anchor Borrowers’ Programme in the lives of many farmers in the country and the economy in general cannot be quantified.

In fact, the ABP, which is part of the CBN’s development agenda, is not only targeted at creating millions of jobs, but it is also meant to lifting thousands of small holder farmers out of poverty.

Under the programme, the CBN had set aside N40 billion out of the N220 billion Micro, Small and Medium Enterprise Development fund given to farmers at single digit interest rate.

Funding challenge

Despite the progress recorded in the country’s cashew sector, funding is still posing the biggest challenge for exporters of the commodity in the country.

Affirming this concern, the NCAN president noted that fund was needed in order to ensure smooth export of cashew in the country, saying that the association was doing everything possible to ensure that cashew exporters do not encounter funding challenges.

According to him, Nigerian realised about $813.05 million (N284.5 billion) in foreign exchange from the export of cashew between 2015 and 2017.

Fasheru explained that the contribution of cashew to national export earnings had been on a steady increase since 2015.

The NCAN president disclosed that the commodity had become a source of income for local farmers, who have benefited immensely from exporting the product.

For instance, he said export earnings rose from $152 million in 2015 to $259 million in 2016 and $402.05 million in 2017.

According to him, Nigeria’s major trading partners are from Vietnam, India and the United States.

He stated that these countries had been the destinations for Nigeria’s cashew export in recent times.

While commending the commitment of the Federal Government to repositioning the economy through cashew production, he stressed that the Nigerian brand of cashew nuts was one of the most preferred globally.

Last line

Based on the forgoing, NCAN members are calling on the Federal Government to address some of the problems affecting the production and export of cashew in the country in order to guarantee steady production and revenue generation for the economy.

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NAMA boosts airspace safety with new VHF radios

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NAMA boosts airspace safety with new VHF radios

Nigerian Airspace Management Agency (NAMA) has boosted safety of Nigerian airspace, as the agency commences installation of 14 new Very High Frequency (VHF) radio sites to ride on the new VSAT network.

Managing Director of NAMA, Capt. Folayele Akinkuotu, expressed gratitude to the Federal Government for its support and intervention leading to the final clearance of the agency’s VSAT equipment at the Apapa port.

Not a few believe that the installation of the multi-million dollar equipment would help to reduce the occurrence of blind spots in the country’s airspace.

Akinkwuotu assured airspace users and the flying public that the Nigerian airspace remained safe, adding that NAMA would continue to upgrade its air traffic management services and procedures to guarantee safety of air navigation in the country at all times. 

Since 1998, it has been more of rhetorics than actualisation of yet-to-be-completed Aeronautical Information Service (AIS) automation. The wait seems to have ended following the clearance and deployment of the facilities.

This was further worsened by the inability of NAMA to clear the over N1 billion facilities that are still trapped at the seaport.

At the celebration of the 2019 World AIS Day in Lagos, Akinkuotu said the Nigeria Customs service (NCS) was asking for N100 million before the clearance of the equipment and had refused to grant waiver for its release.

Akinkuotu, represented by the Director Operations, Mr. Lawrence Pwajok at the event, which was themed: “The Benefits of Automation to Aeronautical Information Management,” expressed fear that the equipment may rust and become obsolete if not given an expedited clearance.

He said: “Clearing of these goods and paying customs duties cost hundreds of millions because these are very expensive equipment, we must find funds for doing this clearance and it must be done urgently because the equipment cannot remain in the ports at the risk of bad weather and anything could expire there and we will run the risk of starting all over again.”

Akinkuotu lamented that the agency was back to square one again, dashing the hopes of the AIS personnel in the automation of the AIS in the country after 10 years of foot dragging on the project.

The NAMA MD, however, stated that the setback would not affect the automation of the AIS, as the Minister of State for Aviation, Hadi Sirika, was working tirelessly to ensure that the project was implemented.

He assured AIMAN that management was working hard to ensure more AIS officers are trained ahead of the completion of the automation system, adding that efforts were on to provide conducive working environment for the officers to carry out their job effectively towards ensuring safety.

Akinkuotu explained that the agency was asked not to include the clearance fees for the equipment in last year’s budget and assured that as a government agency, the equipment would be granted waiver.

“The project did not envisage that we will have to pay for clearing, it was two years ago we were at the National Assembly with the former MD and the National Assembly insisted we should not pay for cost for clearing of government equipment in the budget, they say you can get a waiver from customs and from the ministry of finance and from the CBN and you don’t need to pay.

The NAMA boss told this newspaper that the agency had equally planned to digitalise the nation’s Aeronautical Information Service (AIS) having received a bolster, as the agency recently commenced the installation of prefabricated pilot joint briefing offices nationwide.

He disclosed that the installation team, which has completed work at Murtala Mohammed International Airport Lagos, had proceeded to another airport and is expected to continue the installation in 21 airports and three aerodromes nationwide.

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Analysts: Nigeria rakes in $750m from Sesame seeds yearly

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Analysts: Nigeria rakes in $750m from Sesame seeds yearly

As global sesame seed consumption is rising exponentially due to its health and nutritional benefits, Nigeria is generating over $750 million in revenues yearly from the product.

This was disclosed in a report by analysts from Bismark Rewane-led Financial Derivative Companies (FDC).

Specifically, they said Nigeria remained the largest producer of sesame seed in sub-Sahara Africa (SSA) and fourth in the world.

“Nigeria produces 550,000 metric tonnes (mt) of sesame seeds per year, generating over $750 million in revenue,” the experts said.

Despite the fact that Nigeria has the potential of increasing its production by 82 per cent to one million metric tonnes, analysts pointed out that sesame seed production in the country was constrained by quality and economies of scale.

The FDC report stated that total global production of sesame seeds in 2017 was estimated at 5.53 million tonnes, amounting to $4.15 billion.

“Global output fell sharply by 9.5 per cent compared to 2016. Global price of sesame seeds increased in 2018 and is now trading at a range of $1,550- $1,650/tonne,” the experts said.

Countries such as Tanzania, Myanmar and India are top world’s producers of sesame seeds, while Tanzania, China and Sudan are global top consumers.

Sesame seeds are being used for oil, flour, pastry garnishing, sushi and salad, among others.

Currently, the nation produces 9.95 per cent of total global output and is ranked fourth largest in the world.

Nigeria produces sesame for exports to Japan, China and Turkey and those countries process it as a major ingredient in cooking oil.

According to the report, export earnings from sesame seed in Nigeria was in excess of $200 million and it is produced nine states of the federation, mainly Jigawa, Benue, Nassarawa, Yobe, Kano, Gombe, Plateau, Katsina and Kogi.

However, analysts noted that pastoral conflicts in major producing states were weighing on output of sesame seeds in the producing states.

Meanwhile, Nigeria produces 0.11 per cent of global steel (less than two million metric tonnes), but imports five million tonnes yearly, according to analysts.

They pointed out that efforts to revive the Nigerian steel industry were already under way, but that competition against increasingly low cost steel imports from China has formed the biggest threat confronting every potential investor.

The report stated that Nigeria was a fringe player in steel production with output of less than two million tonnes.

It said: “The nation boosts 13 rolling mills, seven mini mills and two integrated steel companies.

“Delta steel plant, which produced two metric tonnes (mts); and Ajaokute steel – 5.7mts are potential game changer for Nigeria.”

Major rolling mills in the countries are Katsina, Jos and Osogbo, while steel import demand was estimated at five million tonnes, amounting $3.3 billion.

“Nigeria’s total global production of steel in 2018 was 1.8billion tonnes, amounting $41.18trillion,” analysist said.

Steel is used for the construction of buildings, bridge, railway and automobile.

World’s top producers of steel include China, European Union, India, Japan and United States; while top consumers are China and EU.

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Labour seeks Nigeria’s alignment with climate change pact

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Labour seeks Nigeria’s alignment with climate change pact

The Nigeria Labour Congress (NLC) has thrown its weight behind the Federal Government in its effort to align with the United Nations by signing the action climate change agreement.

President of NLC, Comrade Ayuba Wabba, disclosed this in a letter signed addressed to the Secretary to the Government of the Federation.

NLC described the agreement as a commitment to support a just ecological transition by formulating national plans for a just transition, creating decent work as well as green jobs for the citizens.

According to the NLC, the process involves creating mechanisms of inclusive social dialogue such as assessing employment, social and economic impacts of ecological transition and green jobs potential; implementing skills development; designing innovative social protection policies; increasing transfer of technology and knowledge to developing countries as responsible investment.

Wabba stated that  the NLC looks forward to being partners with government in the implementation of these commitments.

The letter noted that the UN Secretary-General is calling on all leaders to come to New York in September with concrete, realistic plans to enhance their nationally determined contributions by 2020, in line with reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 45 per cent over the next decade, and to net zero emissions by 2050.

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DMO to auction N145bn worth of bonds, July 24

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DMO to auction N145bn worth of bonds, July 24

The Federal Government has offered for subscription by auction N145 billion worth of bonds in its July 24 auction, the Debt Management Office (DMO) has said.

The offer circular obtained from its website on Thursday stated that it would sell N40 billions of a five year re-opening issue maturing in April 2023 at 12.75 per cent.

It would also sell N50 billion 10 year re-opening bond to mature in April 2029 at 14.55 per cent, and another N55 billion 30 year re-opening at 14.80 per cent to mature in April 2049.

According to DMO, a unit of sale is N1, 000 per unit, subject to a minimum subscription of N50 million and in multiples of N1, 000 thereafter.

The DMO explained that the bonds are backed by the full faith and credit of the Nigerian Government, with interest payable semi-annually to bondholders, while bullet repayment would be made on maturity date.

Nigeria issues sovereign bonds monthly to support the local bond market, create a benchmark for corporate issuance and fund its budget deficit.

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Infrastructure upgrade: AfDB team meets Fayemi in Ekiti

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Infrastructure upgrade: AfDB team meets Fayemi in Ekiti

The African Development Bank (AfDB)’s team of technical experts  on Thursday met with Ekiti State Governor, Dr Kayode Fayemi and his team in Ado-Ekiti in furtherance of ongoing talks between the Bank and the state government on support for the upgrade of its infrastructure.

The meeting, which took place at the Governor’s Office, Ado-Ekiti, according to a statement, was a follow up to an earlier one at the AfDB headquarters in Abidjan, Cote d’Ivoire, last month.

According to a press release issued by the Chief Press Secretary to the Governor, Olayinka Oyebode, some key areas the Bank is considering technical and financial support for Ekiti State Government include the knowledge zone, agriculture development, transportation, Infrastructure and governance initiatives, SMEs and job creation.

Target projects include Ado Ekiti- Akure road, Agro-allied cargo airport, the Ekiti Knowledge Zone (a smart city to promote a knowledge economy), Agriculture Processing Zone, Power Project and job creation.

AfDB’s Senior Director for Nigeria, Ebrima Faal, who led the Bank’s team to the meeting, said it was important for the state to do something about its infrastructure deficit, adding that the state had taken the right step by seeking partnership with the Bank.

Faal, who said the AfDB had a good working relationship with Governor Fayemi during his first term in office and when he served as Minister of Mines and Steel Development, described the Governor as a development-focused leader.

He restated the earlier position of AfDB’s President, Dr Akinwumi Adesina, that the development bank would partner with the state in its desire to upgrade its infrastructure.

“We have been working with Dr Kayode Fayemi right from his first tenure and when he served as Minister of Mines and Steel Development. There is no doubt that he is a development-focused leader. We will support Ekiti State as the President of AfDB, Dr Akinwumi Adesina, had earlier assured”, Faal added.

In his remarks, Governor Fayemi said the state needed to upgrade its infrastructure and invest in agric business, which will in turn provide jobs for its teeming population of youths, which he put at 75 percent of the state’s total population. He added that setting up a smart city to promote knowledge economy is also crucial to the administration.

“We have aligned our priorities to the AfDB’s priorities and our plan is to make  Ekiti a destination of choice for her citizens and all those who will like to live, work and invest in the state,” the Governor added.

“To achieve this, we need to invest heavily in infrastructure. We want to fix the roads, have our small Agro-allied cargo airport that will aid agriculture and open our landlocked state to domestic and international markets and ultimately create jobs that our state urgently needs for its vibrant and educated youth population”.

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Fowler lists benefits of new JTB TIN registration system

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Fowler lists benefits of new JTB TIN registration system

The Tax Identification Number (TIN) Registration System and Consolidated National Taxpayers Database introduced by the JTB will improve the efficiency and output of the entire tax administration process and provide convenience to taxpayers and tax authorities.

Chairman of the Joint Tax Board (JTB), Mr. Babatunde Fowler, stated this yesterday during the South-west Flag-off ceremony of the new system, which was launched in Abuja on 1 July.

Fowler, who is also the Chairman of the Federal Inland Revenue Service (FIRS) stated this in Lagos, said the new system will ensure that taxpayers’ information are available whenever and wherever they need them.

The system, said Fowler, possesses the capability to integrate with relevant agencies and leverage on already captured data, deploy analytics to discover underlying and correlating trends and patterns that could lead to increased Internally Generated Revenue (IGR) for all tiers of government.

These agencies, he added, include the Corporate Affairs Commission (CAC), Nigeria Customs Service (NCS), Nigeria Immigration Service (NIS), Federal Road Safety Commission (FRSC), Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) and the Nigeria Inter-Bank Settlement System (NIBSS), Nigeria Identity Management Commission (NIMC) and Nigerian Communications Commission (NCC),

“This would significantly reduce the burden of manual taxpayer information management and by extension grossly crash the cost of collection,” he said.

“The system is designed in such a manner that each taxpayer is assigned a unique and universal Taxpayer Identification Number (TIN) and it is now possible for any taxpayer to view, retrieve or update his/her tax profile from anywhere 24/7”.

The new TIN Registration System and its consolidated database of individual and corporate taxpayers have been designed to form the foundation upon, which the nation’s automated tax administration system is built.

In his opening remarks at the event, Executive Secretary, JTB, Sir Oseni Elamah, said the new system is a web-based solution that offers access to authorized users to initiate TIN request from the comfort of their homes/offices real-time online, verify their tax status and print their TIN certificate.

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NSE slides to 26-month low, sheds N87bn

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NSE slides to 26-month low, sheds N87bn

Bearish sentiments on the Nigerian Stock Exchange (NSE) deepened further yesterday, as the market performance indicator (NSE-ASI) fell to 27,000 index points – the lowest in the last 26 months.

The unimpressive performance according to market watchers was driven by losses in all the sectors except Industrial goods, which closed high.

Similarly, market breadth closed negative, with 12 gainers as against 19 losers.

Consequently, the All Share Index (ASI) decreased by 178.31 basis points, representing a decline of 0.64 per cent to close at 27,864.49 index points from 28,042.80 points reported the previous day. Likewise, the Market Capitalization lost N87 billion, equally representing a dip of 0.64 per cent and closed at N13.579 trillion, from N13.666 trillion recorded the previous day.

Meanwhile, a turnover of 76.3 million shares exchanged in 2,653 deals was recorded in the day’s trading.

The premium sub-sector was the most active (measured by turnover volume) with 86.6 million shares exchanged by investors in 991 deals.

Volume in the sub-sector was largely driven by the activities in the shares of FBNH Plc and Zenith Bank Plc.

Banking sub-sector boosted by the activities in the shares of Sterling Bank Plc and GTB Plc followed with a turnover of 30.4 million shares in 345 deals.

Further analysis of the day’s trading showed that Conoil Plc topped the gainers’ table with 9.76 per cent to close at N20.25 per share, while Dangote Sugar Plc followed with 9.22 per cent to close at N11.25 per share. Sovereign Trust Assurance Plc gained 5 per cent to close at 21 kobo per share.

On the flip side, Berger Paints Plc and International Breweries Plc led the losers’ chart with a fall of 10 per cent each to close at N6.30 and N15.30 per share respectively. Seplat Petroleum Plc tailed with a loss of 9.43 per cent to close at N480.00 per share, while C and I Leasing Plc dropped by 9.17 per cent to close at N4.95 per share.

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Premium: S’Africa’s $47.27 bn dwarfs Nigeria’s $1.09bn

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Premium: S’Africa’s $47.27 bn dwarfs Nigeria’s $1.09bn

Nigeria’s poor insurance outing has again been highlighted following recent global premium ranking report, which did not only place South Africa ahead in Africa, but also paled Nigeria’s 2018 premium posting into insignificance.

According to the report put together by Africa Magazine, a publication with bias for insurance pulse, South Africa came first in African market with $48.269 billion, representing several thousand percentage difference compared with Nigeria’s $1.009 billion.

At its annual general meeting (AGM) held in Lagos last month, Nigerian Insurers Association (NIA) put the industry’s total gross written premiums at 10.19 per cent increase to reach N400 billion ($1.09 billion) in 2018, compared to N363 billion ($999 million) in 2017.

The premium written, which is believed to be estimated in the meantime, represents another poor showing, considering the human and natural resources that abound in the country, a development that has compelled the regulator and operators to mull another round of recapitalisation as well as series of rebranding commitment.

Recently at the Africa Insurance Organisation (AIO) conference in Johannesburg, South Africa, it was revealed that Nigeria’s premium growth ticked negative alongside Algeria and Kenya, according to the 4th Africa Insurance Barometer.

The negative growth rate is amid $67.7 billion premium posted by the continent’s underwriters in 2018.

According to the survey, in Africa’s largest insurance markets, total real premium growth was positive in Egypt (+9.8 per cent), Namibia (+7.8 per cent) and Morocco (+3.0 per cent), stagnant in South Africa (+0.1 per cent) and negative in Nigeria (-10.5 per cent), Algeria (-2.8 per cent) and Kenya (-2.0 per cent.)

Lamenting the poor premium recorded at the AGM, the Chairman, NIA, Tope Smart, said the industry battled with a lot of negative factors, including poor operating environment, which the sector waded through during the year reviewed.

He also identified tax entanglement and poor power supply as factors, adding that frequent power outage had continued to be a major challenge to businesses in Nigeria.

According to him, failure to abolish or amend the CITA 2007 remained a huge burden to the insurance companies.

Section 16 of the company income tax requires insurers to pay tax on every claim that is up to 25 per cent of their gross premium, which they saw as double taxation.

Listing other factors, he said: “Growing herdsmen/farmers’ clashes across the country, insurgency and armed banditry in the north, rising cases of kidnapping, armed robbery and other violent crimes as well as communal clashes in some states all combined to negatively affect the bottom line of many insurance companies.

“Some of these initiatives include the insurance industry rebranding project, regulation on micro insurance, collaboration on financial inclusion, bancassurance guidelines and others, which will impact positively on the business of insurance companies.”

To fix the poor rating, the Commissioner for Insurance, Mohammed Kari believes that the on-going recapitalisation exercise will allow local insurers retain huge risks in the country, thereby, forestalling premium flight that will, in the long run, increase the profitability of the sector and its impact on the nation’s economic growth and development.

While stating that the recapitalisation is long overdue, as foreign exchange rate, he noted that asset replacement values as well as claims volume had increased in the last 12 years, adding that operating with the current capital base was putting insurance firms at risk.

He said insurance operators were fond of resisting recapitalisation exercise whenever the idea is mooted, saying that some insurers preferred to write huge risks in aviation and marine sectors, with small capital.

Speaking on the need for recapitalisation exercise at a time the country is transiting to Risk Based Supervision (RBS), he said there was no insurance industry all over the world that does not have minimum capital requirement, which is usually the entry point.

“All over the world, there is usually an entry point, which is the minimum capital requirement for an insurer to underwrite risk in a country,” he said.

“Other decisions, whether to increase the minimum capital or maintain it, are taken thereafter. So, even under risk based, the minimum capital still exists,” he said.

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