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Ending suicides in Nigeria



Ending suicides in Nigeria

It’s quite worrisome that in the last few weeks, the number of suicides and attempted suicides in Nigeria has reached a disturbing level that requires immediate attention and intervention. According to recent evidence, about one person in 5,000 –15,000 dies by suicide every year (1.4% of all deaths), with a reported global rate of 10.7 per 100,000 population in 2015 (WHO, Cutliffe et Al, J O’Brien).


The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared Suicide a public health priority, and documents that suicide is the second leading cause of death among 15–29-yearolds with 79% of global suicides occurring in low- and middle-income countries.


It states that ingestion of pesticide, hanging and firearms are among the most common methods of suicide globally, and estimates that self-poisoning with pesticides account for 20% of global suicide, occurring in developing countries.


In sub-Saharan Africa, paucity of data on the subject has made it challenging to understand the magnitude of the problem. Prior to this period of the increased incidence of this public health emergency, it was thought that Africans do not experience mental health challenges, especially as anxiety, depression and triggering factors for mental health challenges (substance abuse, alcohol use, and overwhelming stress – physical, emotional, social, economic).


Suicidal thoughts, ideation, and mental illnesses are highly misunderstood, mismanaged and stigmatized; attempted suicides or the act itself is labelled a criminal offence. Even without data or accurate records on suicide rates, Sub-Saharan Africans are constantly faced with challenges that increase their risk for depression, anxiety and suicide. These factors include unemployment, poverty, loss of loved ones, social isolation from displacement and marginalization from wars, political unrest, insurgency, terrorism and ethnic clashes.


Chronic illness, ill health and the aftermath of the HIV pandemic in Africa have been found to increase the risk of depressive illnesses in persons affected by the scourge (S.Eschun, P.Bartoli 2012). Nigeria is currently listed by the World population review of 2019 as 67th globally and 6th in Africa for suicide rates per 100,000 population.


More of the suicides attempts in Nigeria have been associated self-drowning, self-hanging and more recently with pesticide self-poisoning with the use of “Sniper”, Dichlorvos or 2,2-dichlorovinyl dimethyl phosphate (commonly abbreviated as an DDVP) which is an organophosphate, widely used as an insecticide to control household pests, and protect stored products. Originally designed to be a rodent killer and used in horticultural/ agricultural settings, “Sniper” in Nigeria has become a selfpoisoning option for persons with suicidal thoughts and ideation. Even though many young people in Nigeria have called for a ban on sniper by relevant authorities, some others argue that the ban may not be the solution, but addressing deep seated mental health issues that make at risk persons, choose that option.


There is a critical need for establishing national and states suicide prevention programmes and centres (incorporated into mental health services) urgently and initiating or continuing existing preventive measures, with an emphasis on a multi-system approach that focuses on the multifaceted issues that are predisposing young people in Nigeria to committing suicide. Furthermore it is important that cultural, social and economic contexts be considered in planning these interventions as well as the improvement of the health care structure in Nigeria to meet the health needs of persons with mental health challenges who require social support, counselling, psychotherapy and treatment.


The WHO has just recently published a document “National Suicide Prevention Strategies – Progress, examples and indicators” which highlights approaches to planning national suicide prevention programmes, implementation, overcoming barriers to their implementation, programme monitoring and evaluation and the success stories of 10 countries’ adoption of suicides prevention interventions.


The suicide prevention strategy adopted by the WHO which combines this 10 strategic approaches with proven interventions is a key goal in suicide prevention tagged “LIVE LIFE”, which represents Leadership Intervention Vision and Evaluation (LIVE), and summarizes the 10 key approaches highlighted above and LIFE which means Less means (restricting access to means of committing suicide), Interaction with media (it is recommended that the media should not glamorise and stop sensationalizing the act, but increase awareness, air stories of survivors, and encourage ending stigmatization), Form the young (help young people learn leadership, problem solving and coping skills with social support in school counselling services), and Early identification (Identification of at risk persons, risk assessment, and management of cases, follow up of cases to ensure they receive required medical intervention and adequate capacity building for health care providers to deliver mental health services).


The Federal Ministry of Health (FMOH) should take a bold step to tackle this issue and urgently adopt the WHO recommendation for suicide prevention adapting it to our specific context in the Nigerian space. The FMOH health providers and health facilities in Nigeria as well as the legislature should develop a national document that should serve as guidelines for suicide prevention in Nigeria. In the interim, more awareness should be created about suicide prevention.


Families (parents, spouses, siblings), friends, neighbours, bosses, co-workers, colleagues should be more emotionally sensitive to the people around them, and reach out and in-quire what’s going on when someone they know is excessively withdrawn or unusually elated. Institutional and organizational abuse, child, sexual, psychological and emotional abuse should be discouraged, reported and punished. Perpetrators of maltreatment (neglect, exploitation and trafficking) should be arrested and brought to book.


Social issues related to “body shaming”, stigmatization for any reason, discrimination of any sort, segregation, racism, dysfunctional family experiences, poor upbringing, sibling rivalry, rejection, deprivation, victimization, marital issues (separation, divorce), incest, rape, work place conflict, examination failure, sexual harassment, bullying (school or cyber), overwhelming stress, low socio-economic status, infrastructural decay, economic recession and insecurity, should be wholistically addressed through family support programmes, social security provisions by relevant institutions and authorities responsible for ensuring a sane and healthy society and governments.


Several studies have shown that persons who have experienced any or multiple forms of abuse and any of the emotional, environmental, physical, mental, psychological or socio-economic challenges previously mentioned at any point of their lives, are at risk of mental health illness, substance abuse and have higher odds of being suicidal. Social media posts across platforms which insult, incite or troll people should be reported to avoid any form of emotional or sexual abuse, which can trigger emotional stress and depressive illnesses.


The access to and purchase of “Sniper” should be regulated, patrols and law enforcement agents should be stationed around large water bodies especially in urban areas and helplines should be accessible to all Nigerians across the country to get helpful information, counselling and report of any suspicious behaviour. Let’s prevent suicides in Nigeria, let’s encourage everyone to LIVE LIFE.



•Dr. Olugbade, a Primary Care Physician with the Ministry of Defence, is a N-FELTP/AFENET trained Field Epidemiologist and a mental health advocate.

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Daura’s 80th: The burden of nationalism



Daura’s 80th: The burden of nationalism

The Psalmist said in the Holy Scripture that our span is seventy or eighty for those who are strong. The Psalmist was deliberate in identifying those who get to 80, and beyond, as strong. Mallam Mamman Daura turned 80 a few days ago. He is a strong man. A Roman General once said that when a man reaches the peak, he looks back at the road he has passed. In looking back, he wants to be sure that he made positive impact. Positive impact is the trail we leave as we work ourselves up the ladder of actualization. Mamman Daura has many of such trails.

Mamman Daura is different things to different people. To his children his is a great father who cares. To his grandchildren he is a wonderful and playful grandfather. To his wife, he is a most loving husband. To his associates, he is a great nationalist who seeks the utmost good of all. To those who do not know him, he means something different. But as it is said, dogs bark at those they do not know. To me, he is a great Nigerian who has given his all in the service of his fatherland. He represents a generation of nationalists who know neither tribe nor religion. He represents what every Nigerian should aspire to be. It is therefore not surprising that even at 80, he is still strongly working for the good of the country, and people, he so much loves.

Some Nigerians do not know Mamman Daura. I agree that it is not possible for every Nigerian to have a personal experience of him like I have done in over two decades. Those who have been closely associated with him know deeply, that he is one patriot who goes to bed every night thinking of what next sacrifice to make for the good of Nigeria. He believes that Nigeria was deliberately created by God to be the black man’s reference in positive values. For this reason, Mallam Daura will not spare any moment to ensure that only the good is delivered for the good of Nigeria.

At 80, one may expect him to slow down and rest more. The Daura I know will not do so. He believes that there is still work to be done and has been working almost at same capacity, like he has done since his youthful days when he started off writing, as a journalist, for a better Nigeria. So, from merely writing and articulating views on how best to put Nigeria in shape for her future, Daura found himself within power corridors, with the opportunity to translate those great ideas he shared, into workable deliverables for our country.

The result has been torrential with an upsurge in rice production and growing national capacity for self-sufficiency in agricultural production, Daura has helped, albeit behind the curtain, to guide the incumbent administration towards policies that have made the Nigerian economy to be counted among one of the growing economies in the world. He has helped tailor government’s policy directive towards diversification which has seen a gradual focus shift from petroleum to other sources of revenue. Though some Nigerians feel otherwise about the effect on these policies on their personal economies, there is no denying the fact, however, that sanity has returned to the economic front with the country now making more money through taxation.

Nigerians are also feeling the positive impact on the improvement in power generation and distribution much the same way like they experience growth on infrastructure development. These are not happenstance. They are the direct outcome of a mind that is deeply focused on progress rather than privileges. Those who have the rare privilege of knowing the force behind the incumbent government would appreciate my assertion.

Daura is 80, but that is a number. His age has not taken a toll on him mentally. His experience has become very crucial at this time when Nigeria is going through a transformative rebirth. Like it is said, a new broom sweep fine, but an old one knows all the corners. Daura as a patriotic nationalist has a very deep understanding of the ethnic diversity of Nigeria and has worked very hard to ensure that government taps into this diversity for nation building. That is where his experience comes to play as the unifying link in government.

Beside his patriotism and nationalistic approach, Daura is such a loving heart with an infectious warmth. He loves humanity and does not hide it. He won’t go to dinner table alone. That way, he ensures that those around him go to bed with a stronger hope for tomorrow. Those who have come across him can testify to this. He is kind and affable. What more can humanity asks for than to have someone whose empathy knows neither tribe nor religion.

I would say that Nigeria is very blessed to have Mamman Daura within its leadership circles at this time when it is undergoing a rebirth because his wisdom and counsel have proved vital in strengthening the country’s unity. Having attained 80, what more can one ask for him than to pray that God will bless him with good health, of mind and body, to enable him help place this country on the pedestal of progress. God can’t be wrong.

However, he lives with a burden. The burden of nationalistic patriotism is such that those who drive it are often misunderstood. They are misunderstood not because they communicated wrongly, but because people grow and live with certain fixations about others. Those who live with negative fixations need work more to liberate themselves from such traps. As a good communicator, Daura is also a very good listener. He listens to every complaint about life and living in Nigeria. He reads every report published and pays very close attention to details. That way, he is able to identify the demon that is always hidden in there. Very few persona at his age, have the strength and capacity to sit long hours doing this. Those who still do, do so out of love for whatever they are involved in.

Like I said earlier, he bears the burden of being misunderstood. However, those who work with such burden always laugh last. History is replete with the story of great men, like Mamman Daura, who were misunderstood while they worked hard to liberate mankind from the clutches that had been placed on them by bad governance. For instance, when Jesus Christ entered the temple to chase away those who had turned it into a market place, as recorded in the scripture, not many saw his action as a necessary cleansing exercise to return the temple to its natural role in the development of the relationship between mankind and the divine. The people were to later understand what he represented and what his actions meant. But it was already too late as he had gone to be with his heavenly father, who ab initio, sent him.

As things are, Daura deserves all the accolades befitting a nationalistic patriot with very strong and progressive visions for the future of our children. Nigerians also need to celebrate him for sacrificing his retirement to help stir the country to loftier heights.

Happy Birthday, Mamman Daura.

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The place of the President and Vice President under the Nigerian and American Constitutions (3)



The place of the President and Vice President under the Nigerian and American Constitutions (3)



It was John Tyler that said “this Constitution was not made for a day, nor is it composed of such flexible materials as to be warped to the purposes of a casually ascendant influence.” The above situation can be likened to the on-going “private visit” by President Buhari to the UK, a foreign land, with a differing territorial jurisdiction, but where he is busy signing laws that govern Nigerians. This has more than ever before brought to the fore the unique place of the Vice President in a presidential system of government that we are operating. This is because the Constitution has specifically assigned definite functions to the office of the President and that of the Vice President (VP), with the VP standing in for Mr President in his absence. Today, we shall continue to unravel the place of the Vice President in Nigeria’s constitutional organogram.






It is clear from the provisions of section 143 of the Constitution that the process leading to the removal of the President or Vice President is entirely that of the National Assembly. While section 143 (10) ousts the court from entertaining or questioning the proceedings taken under the section, section 143 (11) defines what would constitute “gross misconduct” for which either the President or Vice President could be removed under the section.


On the other hand, Section 144 provides for instances in which the President or Vice President would cease to hold office; while section 145 sets out instances when the Vice President could act as President. Section 146 (1) on the other hand, provides that the Vice President shall hold the office of President if the office of President becomes vacant by reason of death or resignation, impeachment, permanent incapacity or the removal of the President from office for any other reason.


On other hand, section 146 (3) provides for what should happen in respect of the Vice President’s office becoming vacant. The subsection provides as follows: 146(3) where the office of the Vice President becomes vacant (a) by reason of death or resignation, impeachment, permanent incapacity or removal in-accordance with section 143 or 144 of this Constitution; (b) by his assumption of the office of President in accordance with subsection (1) of this section; or (c) for any other reason, the President shall nominate and, with the approval of each house of the National Assembly, appoint a new Vice President.’


As I have already stated above, the office of the Vice President is created by the Constitution. His appointment and removal from office are also provided for in the Constitution. Although the President had to nominate him as at the time he wanted to contest for the office of the President, and the Constitution also requires that the person nominated should be from the same political party as the President, I believe that the Constitution assumes that the President and the Vice President should maintain the same relationship throughout their term in office.




Though, it can be contended that the role of the Vice-President is not sufficiently defined in the Constitution because it vests the totality of the executive powers of the Federation on the President, there are still some specific responsibilities assigned to the Vice-President under the Constitution. Some specific responsibilities assigned to the Vice-President qua Vice-President in the 1999 Constitution includes being the agent of the President in his exercise of the executive powers conferred on him by the Constitution; responsibility for any business of the Government of the Federation, including the administration of any department of government previously assigned to him by the President; presiding over the meeting of the National Economic Council; to be the Deputy Chairman of the following Federal Councils established by section 153 of the 1999 Constitution, namely; the Council of State, the National Defence Council and the National Security Council.


The most significant responsibility of the Vice-President stipulated in the Constitution is without doubt that of succeeding the President if the office of the President becomes vacant by reason of death or resignation, impeachment, permanent incapacity or the removal of the President from office for any other reason in accordance with section 143 or 144 of the 1999 Constitution. This provision of section 146(1) ensures that there is no vacuum in the leadership of the country should any of the circumstances enumerated under the subsection occur. He can assume the Presidency only when the elected President is incapable of continuing in office as a result of any of the reasons therein enumerated.


A review of the Constitutions of some other countries such as United States of America and India shows that they contain provisions relating to the Vice-President acting as President during the temporary absence of the President. Actually, section 145 of the 1999 Constitution of Nigeria is nearly in pari materia with Article 3 of the 25th Amendment of the Constitution of the United States of America.


This is not surprising as it is an acknowledged fact that our democracy (including our Constitution) is modelled after the American version. The main differences between the provisions of Section 145 of the 1999 Constitution and Article 3 of the 25th Amendment of the Constitution of the United States of America are that there is no reference to the President’s vacation in the provision in the Constitution of the United States of America unlike the 1999 Constitution and the fact that the officer of the Senate to whom the President’s letter is addressed is the President pro tempore of the Senate unlike in the 1999 Constitution where the letter is addressed to   the President simpliciter of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives. There is a similar provision in the Constitution of India.


Accordingly, section 65(2) of the Constitution of India clearly states as follows:


“When the President is unable to discharge his functions owing to absence, illness or any other cause, the Vice-President shall discharge his functions until the date on which the President resumes his duties.” Section 146(1) of the CFRN is silent on the tenure of the presidency of the Vice-President. It may be reasonable to assume that the tenure of the Vice-President’s presidency under section 146(1) should be for the unexpired period of the tenure of the President who vacated the office. This conclusion can be justified. In the first place, the President and Vice-President are elected on a joint ticket.


Secondly, provisions of Part I of Chapter VI of the 1999 Constitution relating to qualification for election, tenure of office, disqualification, declaration of assets and liabilities and oaths of President applies to the Vice- President as if references to the President in those provisions were references to the Vice-President.


Thirdly, and more technically, the use of the expression “shall hold the office of President” in the subsection is definitive. In other words, it connotes a reference to the unexpired tenure of the President being succeeded. Indubitably, the 1999 Constitution is predicated on the principle of single executive.


This is evident from the vesting of all the executive powers of the Federation on the President by section 5(1)(a). The Vice- President, therefore, has no executive role except as may be assigned to him by the President, and as assigned by the Constitution. Nevertheless, it is indefensible to assert that the Vice-President is an outsider in the government. The 1999 Constitution, unlike the American Constitution, has numerous provisions as we have seen above, which ensure that the Vice-President is carried along in the administration.




The Courts in Nigeria, especially the Court of Appeal have also done a great job in elevating the office of the Vice President beyond that of a mere servant or loyalist of the President who can be removed at the pleasure of the President. (To be continued). THOUGHT FOR THE WEEK “The Constitution is the guide which I never will abandon.” (George Washington).




I thank Nigerians for always keeping faith with the Sunday Sermon on the Mount of the Nigerian Project, by Chief Mike Ozekhome, SAN, OFR, FCIArb., Ph.D, LL.D. I enjoin you to look forward to next week’s treatise.

Follow me on twitter @ MikeozekhomeSAN

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2021 AFCON qualifiers: Kalu aims for spotlight as Eagles target vic tory in Maseru



2021 AFCON qualifiers: Kalu aims for spotlight as Eagles target vic tory in Maseru

Bordeaux winger Samuel Kalu stole the show when he scored the winner in Super Eagles’ 2-1 win over Benin Republic in their opening match of the 2021 African Cup of Nation qualifying match on Wednesday, and Manager Gernot Rohr will count on the forward to produce another sublime showing when they face Lesotho on Match Day 2 in Maseru on Sunday (tomorrow).

The Eagles fell behind to Stephane Sessegnon’s third minute goal but reacted well as Victor Osimhen scored a penalty before Kalu produced the biggest moment by dribbling past Squirrels’ defenders to score the winner late on in the game and shot Nigeria to the summit of Group L. The goal was Kalu’s second since he broke into the national team, and he will fancy his chances of scoring with more consistency now. Rohr seems to prefer captain Ahmed Musa or Moses Simon ahead of him in the left side of the attack but the coach never regretted his decision to hand the speed-star a starting role against Benin Republic ahead of the duo. Kalu had shown flashes of what should be expected of him when he mesmerized the defence of Ukraine in their 2-2 draw in an international friendly last September.

He formed a devastating trinity with Osimhen and Samuel Chukwueze and they replicated that showing against Benin. There is no doubting the winger ’s ability; he has established himself as one of the best dribblers in Africa.

The 22-year-old, last September, was even adjudged the best dribbler in Europe top five leagues, ahead of PSG’s Angel Di Maria, Arsenal’s Nicolas Pepe and Real Betis’ Nabil Fekir. The 22-year-old winger, who is in his second season with Bordeaux, has the highest dribble percentage in Europe. As at September, according to OptaJean, the Nigeria international had successfully executed 22 dribbles out of 47 attempted, putting him ahead of some of the world’s most talked-about players known for that.

He is quite versatile so much so that Rohr even deployed him as a right wing-back in a 2019 Africa Cup of Nations qualifier against South Africa held in Johannesburg last year but the youngster said he thrives more as a winger and a support striker.

”I can play both sides of the flank, I also play as a supporting striker,” he said. Lesotho are a very plucky side; they are quite difficult to play at home after they lost only once in their last five home matches but with Kalu’s speed and skills, it shouldn’t be difficult for the Eagles to break their defence and maintain their perfect start to the campaign. He couldn’t do much as the Eagles won bronze at the 2019 AFCON in Egypt after he suffered concussion a few days to the start of the competition, although he still played a part in the campaign. He will be keen to make this series his own time to shine.

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‘I prefer woman living with HIV as wife’



‘I prefer woman living with HIV as wife’

With scientific breakthroughs, stigmatization associated with the people living with Human Immuno Virus (HIV) will sooner be a thing of the past. Quite a number of “undetected” carriers of the virus are having fun and enjoying their relationships. The fear that is associated with HIV has toned down considerably. People are now coming out boldly to declare their status to their would-be partners at the onset of their relationship. So far, there’s no cause for alarm.

A courageous, healthy looking man called me last weekend and asked to be hooked up with a life partner. He prefers a woman living with HIV or non-carrier who is ready to be with him as wife. What amazes me about this Abuja-based gentleman is his candour. He unashamedly introduced himself as a man living with the virus. In the course of our discussion, he revealed the details of his condition as an “undetected carrier,” meaning he could date or marry without infecting his woman with the virus. Consequently, his child or children won’t be infected either, despite his own status. He has this to say:

I contracted the HIV through my late wife. We were childhood friends before we developed our relationship to dating and eventually to marriage. I didn’t know she was a carrier until when she wanted to be delivered of our first and the only child. The blood donation I did revealed my status as an HIV carrier. Apparently it was too late to reverse the situation, hence I decided to live with it. Unfortunately, she passed on later as a result of complications arising from the virus which had unknowingly developed into a full-blown AIDS.

Thereafter, I decided to seek medical attention from Gwagwalada Specialist Hospital, Abuja, where I still attend clinic appointments. Eight years after the death of my wife, I remarried. I disclosed my status to my new wife from the onset and she agreed to go ahead with me. When we wanted to wed, the church insisted we have to do a test which revealed my status but she told the church authority that she would still marry me despite the outcome of the result.

Initially, I was trying to use protective method for her during sex but she protested, saying she can’t get pregnant with that method. That was when I started having “direct entry” – unprotected sex with her and we had a baby girl in the process. Barely two years later, she decided to quit the marriage, and we eventually went our separate ways. My daughter was negative up till when her mom left. As at now, I don’t know their current status as we speak.

I have since remained single and lonely. I decided to take my health condition seriously. As we speak, sir, I’m very healthy and active as a man. I can date and remarry now. That’s why I contacted you for help through your Hook Up service. I learnt about it through some people and I trust that you will be kind enough to get a good woman for me. There are many women around but only a few are really interested in marriage.

Sir, it may interest you to know that some women living with HIV are on the prowl in town, catching fun recklessly. They behave that way because most of them have very low viral loads – which is “undetected.” Because I use my anti-retroviral drugs consistently, my viral load is below 20. The minimum load is five. Therefore, viral loads between 5 and 20 are much safe with partners with negative HIV status. Our partners can’t be infected, same with our children.

I would have proposed to one of the women in our circle (we do interact and socially meet because we attend the same hospital for treatments; and to be honest with you, we have constituted ourselves into a social group) but some of our ladies are not keen on family life. They are more wayward than non-carriers outside. I believe there are carriers elsewhere who might need companions or life partners like me. In order to avoid embarrassment, rejection or stigmatization, that’s why I prefer a woman living with HIV. Both of us already have shared knowledge and understanding of our health condition.

My health status is well known to my family members. And I don’t hide it from anybody I come in contact with. Many years ago, malaria was a killer disease, same with cholera but today, both can be treated by just going to a nearby pharmacy with less than N2,000. I strongly believe that sooner than later, HIV will be totally demystified just like malaria and cholera. Until then, we need the grace of God and the support of caring people around us to bear the cross of stigmatization, rejection and fear from the members of the public.

Sir, she can come from any part of the country provided she’s sincere and she has the fear of God in her heart. Let me know the details of what is involved to be hooked up and I will be willing to do them. I do sincerely appreciate you, sir, for your rapt attention to hear me out and show empathy for my condition. Thank you and God bless.

Findings have confirmed his position that he can actually date or marry without infecting his partner or children. According to, it states that when carriers are told that they’re “lower than detectable,” this is referring to their viral load. Put simply, it means that their HIV is under control. There’s more info about being “lower than detectable” and why it’s important. Another finding posits that “the standard blood tests used in clinics can measure viral load down to 20 or 50 copies per millilitre of blood. When aperson has an “undetectable viral load,” their chances of passing on HIV to a sexual partner is zero. As the campaign slogan puts it, ‘Undetectable equals Untransmittable’ or ‘U = U’. Going by the 2018 report, no fewer than 1. 9 million people were living with HIV in Nigeria. 

In view of his healthy, active and safe condition, it is no longer much of a risk for any interested woman – regardless of her status, to go into a relationship and possibly marriage with him. God will be in charge, I will facilitate the connection and all will be well. Amen.

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2023: Memo to the South-South



2023: Memo to the South-South

“The Igbo are in the South-East, they are part of this country from the First Republic. No one can put them aside; so when the time comes for the Igbo to be the President of Nigeria, nobody will dispute to it or stop them.” – E K Clark



The last two editions of Political Musing, a current affairs weekly analysis of issues in our polity on this space were centred on the Presidential power rotation along geo-political lines ahead of 2023.

The discourse was prompted by the needless agitation soon after the Supreme Court ruling of October 30 on the election petition by Atiku Abubakar and the main opposition Peoples Democratic Party (PDP), which brought to an end the contentious February 23, 2019, Presidential election. The incumbent President Muhammadu Buhari and his ruling All Progressives Congress (APC) were declared victorious by the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) and they got the nod of the judiciary as well.

Despite the public perception on the election however the decision of the Supreme Court terminates the agitation. This is really not the subject of this memo anyway.

A peep into the two previous memos first to the South-West region and second to the North will to large extent help readers to decipher the message here. I will therefore advise those who had not read the previous memos to try and avail themselves of it either in my Facebook page or on New Telegraph website or their Facebook page so that we all can be on the same page as we proceed.

How far has the South-South region faired since the return to full time democracy in our polity in 1999?

This region is easily the richest and the strongest economy of all the geo-political zones in the country. The reason is obvious it’s the wealth base of the nation. But can it be said that these their huge resources have been adequately deployed to help alleviate the myriads of problems in the place? How has their politics faired since 1999, have they been shrewd enough to gain from their recompenses?

Political watchers believe that resource wise and even votes no President has emerged in Nigeria without votes from this region playing significant roles. They are also on record to have been very active in the national politics in the two main political parties.

But the essence of this memo is to decrypt the stand of this zone on the rotation of President ahead of 2023. Are they for power remaining in the North, or coming down South? If South where are they putting their coins, in themselves, the South-West or the South-East?

Ordinarily, it would be easy to say where the South-South people will favour for President in 2023 given political events of the last decade in the country, but in politics one plus one is not always two. By providence the region produced President for six years following the death of President Umaru Yar’Adua in 2009. Will they see this period as covering their turn for now and considerately supporting the zone that has not tasted it or will they jump into the fray the way some South-Westerners who have tasted it for eight years are also trying to do?

Political watchers believe that if reason and rationality have places in politics, the South-South should be stoutly steering for the South-East region that stood solidly behind them when their son was in charge and facing all the challenges of being seen as an interloper to the Presidency.

Today not a few believe that the South-East is facing some hard times politically in the hands of President Muhammadu Buhari and his ruling APC, because of the perception that the South-South candidate was theirs as well. It requires more educating to let average northerner agree that an Ijaw man like Goodluck Jonathan is not an Igbo after his mother gave him some Igbo names, Ebele and Azikiwe. The same way an average Igbo in the South-East village sees every northerner as ‘onye Hausa’.

This memo is actually not tailored towards examining the benefits of the six years sojourn of a South-South person at the commanding position, whether they were enough to quench their thirst at least in the near future, but it still need to be noted that critical infrastructures like East West road, Second Niger Bridge or Enugu-Port Harcourt road continued in its depilated conditions even after the reign of the son of the soil.

Notwithstanding the intentions and scheming of politicians and their parties from this region, key stakeholders under the umbrella of PANDEF led by the irrepressible elder statesman Chief Edwin Clark have been mobilizing and aligning forces with their like minds in Ohanaeze in the South-East, Afenifere in the South-West, and the Middle Belt Forum pushing for the restructuring of this country as a way of increasing efficiency and reducing injustice and imbalance in the land.

Whether what these leaders are doing and saying agree with the desires and aspirations of their politicians is to be seen in years to come.

Even while still gunning for restructuring as the first option, Chief Clark stands out unambiguously that the Presidency of this country in 2023 should be left for the South-East if really this country cherishes peace and is sincere about accommodating all. To him 2023 is the rightful turn of the Igbo.

According to the Ijaw leader, giving the people of the South-East region a condition that their presidency in 2023 could only be guaranteed and achieved if they vote for President Buhari in 2019 was unnecessary and must be condemned in all its ramifications.

The elder statesman was reacting to a statement by the Secretary to the Government of the Federation, Boss Mustapha, that only the South-East endorsement of Buhari’s re-election will secure their presidency in 2023.

But Clark said: “That is a very unusual statement. Is it a threat or an appeal? Nigerians will always vote for the candidates they believe in, candidates that will rule Nigeria without any trouble, without religious fanaticism, someone who doesn’t believe in ethnicity, somebody competent enough, healthy enough to rule Nigeria.”

It could therefore be safe to say that the position of Clark above reflects the wishes and aspirations of most South-South person especially those desiring fairness and equity in our system but to what extent are they on the same page with their ambitious politicians?

This memo therefore is intended to warn the region against playing into the hands of some greedy and ambitious politicians from the North and South-West by not standing with the view of their leader Clark that 2023 Presidency should go to the South-East for stability and good conscience. It’s only when the South-South lend their voice to the South-East will the 2023 project be realizable. If there is no unity among these two vital brotherly regions politically, all their advantages will remain untapped and could open the zone for political vandals to cannibalize. A lot of the resources of this region have been deployed in the making of Presidents from the other regions; can they say they have gotten a reciprocal treatment for all their political charity?

The journey to a better Nigeria if it must be in our time must be anchored on justice, equity and fairness. Anything to the contrary even if it seems to be working will be like a good design placed on a poor foundation.

Barring any political development in the country, this four serial memo which started a fortnight with South-West will be concluded next week with a memo to the South-East. God bless Nigeria.

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Nigeria’s houses of horror



Nigeria’s houses of horror


ouses of horror were recently unearthed in various parts of the country, starting in the North before berthing, last week, in Ibadan, the Oyo State capital and largest city in West Africa. Oyo State police boss, Shina Olukolu, was quoted as describing the Ibadan house of horror as “man’s inhumanity to man”. All manner of occultist and satanic practices take place in those houses of horror. Only God knows how many destinies have been truncated, careers ruined, lives lost and homes wrecked by the evil operators of such houses and their patrons.



To be sure, they have powerful backers. The highly-placed patronise them for their diabolical wares and such conscienceless but powerfully-connected people are always at hand to ensure that the law is thwarted and the cloak of immunity woven around the vile elements that, otherwise, should have been made to face the full wrath of the law. Ibadan, once again, may not be a different kettle of fish.



We are no strangers to horror houses. We all were living witnesses to the Okija shrine debacle. The principal actors remain till today firmly ensconced in the corridors of power. A politician caught naked bathing with what was suspected to be human blood is today the speaker of a State House of Assembly. Apart from the official oath of office taken publicly by public officers, Nigerians know that there is another more powerful, more efficacious, and more dreaded secret oath that is administered before anyone can be allowed into the inner caucus of power. This is where satanic mediums and their patrons derive their power, relevance, toga of the untouchable and invincibility.



Their other source of power and influence is the gullibility and illiteracy of our people who even take their wards to the horror houses for “training”, “healing” or what-have-you! It was to such circumstances that we lost Super Eagles superstar, Rashidi Yekini. Remember? Relations said Rashidi was mad. The guy said he was not. He might have been a recluse but he troubled no one. One day, his relatives swooped on him, tied his hands and legs and hauled him into a house of horror called “healing” home. Rashidi had died before even his “healers” knew the pedigree of who was in their hands. How many Rashidi Yekinis have we lost to horror houses nationwide?



Governor Seyi Makinde’s response to the unearthing of the Ibadan house of horror was prompt and apt. He visited the scene – embarrassingly, it is purportedly a mosque, a so-called place of worship called Olore Central Mosque. That name is euphemism personified. Olore (Oloore) in Yoruba means the harbinger of goodness and dispenser of favour. To be sure, it is not only mosques that advertise God or Allah today but worship Satan. How else can we describe the case of five “pastors” using the same contortionist to demonstrate their miracle-performing “prowess”? Are the so-called pastors in chains already or do they still walk free, holding court?



That is the problem with Nigeria! Nothing shocks us anymore! We have all developed a thick skin. We do not do diligent follow-up. We do not punish offenders. And where offenders go unpunished, impunity reigns. Very soon, it becomes, “if you can’t beat them, join them!” I must confess that an avid reader prodded me from my “siddon look” to do this story.



His story: In 1984 I was returning home from (secondary) school and had to pass in front of the Olore Central Mosque. Suddenly, some men came from nowhere, hit me with something and dragged me inside the building. I was hauled before their boss. He asked me for my name. I gave him a fake name. He gazed straight ahead of him; looked at the ground and then ordered them to throw me out. Outside, I stood unconscious.



“Then I sauntered into Agbala Daniel next door and demanded to see the pastor. They said ‘Mama is sleeping’ I waited, my head howling and my body shaking. When they saw my comportment – a child – and I wouldn’t go and come back as they had counselled, they went and woke Mama up. I told her ‘Please, pray for me’. She did and then poured water on me. I regained my consciousness. That was 34/35 years ago. I couldn’t have been their first victim. Imagine how many must have fallen prey in that spate of time.



“Sometime in 2008 when the atrocities of the same people came into the open and government wanted to do something; it was reported that a prominent Islamic leader of Ibadan origin, now late, intervened. Now, that the same people have again been exposed, religious leaders are reportedly also coming together to sweep the case under the carpet. For how long will this continue?”



It will not continue! Governor Makinde has ordered the demolition of the house of horror parading as a mosque, as it was rightly described by the governor. Conscionable Muslims must understand this and distance themselves from Olore’s atrocities. More than that, true Muslims must be really angry that their name, religion and faith have been wilfully abused and unabashedly desecrated and must see the need to come out clean. They must, therefore, be in the forefront of those who will ask – and ensure – that vile elements are brought to book. Otherwise, they suffer double jeopardy. They will be treated not just as accessory after the fact of all the hideous crimes allegedly committed at Olore; they will also be treated as the proverbial abetter of crimes, who deserve a heftier punishment than the criminal himself. Religion or religious affairs must be separated from crime and criminality, again, as Makinde aptly stated.       



A total of 259 inmates were rescued at Olore. Makinde has taken them into safe homes and ordered their treatment and rehabilitation. That is the first step; next is the prosecution of the offenders. And what is worth doing at all is worth doing well. Justice delayed – to both sides – is justice denied. CP Olukolu has given his word that justice would be served; Gov. Makinde similarly. If this proves not to be so in the end, citizens’ trust and confidence in government will be shaken while getting the support and cooperation of the same people shall become an uphill task. I will, however, want Makinde to understand that it is not the case that people have not spoken out about Olore and such other houses of horror in Ibadan; the unfortunate thing is that the appropriate authorities have failed to act again and again.



In The PUNCH of February 23, 2008, Akin Oyedele, the then Oyo State correspondent of the newspaper, wrote a story on Olore and other Ibadan houses of horror titled: POLICE UNCOVER ANOTHER IBADAN HOUSE OF HORROR WHERE INMATES EAT DEAD COLLEAGUES. Excerpts:



The Oyo State Police command on Friday (February 22, 2008) uncovered another illegal detention camp in Ojoo area of Ibadan where at least 60 inmates were said to have been tortured to death and buried secretly in the last two years.



Against their wish, the victims claimed that they were turned to cannibals as they were forced to prepare and eat the remains of their dead colleagues with their captors. The police said 92 inmates were rescued from the centre after spending between three days and seven years while 11 suspects working with the prime suspect, Alfa Mohammed Olore, were arrested…



Exhibits recovered from the suspects were three cars, N32,000, three spades, concoctions, a jar of black soap, plastic container with reddish water allegedly drained from the corpses of the dead inmates…



Parading the inmates and suspects at the Special Anti-Robbery Squad on Saturday, the Assistant Inspector-General of Police in charge of the command, Mr. Udom Ekpoudom, said the latest discovery was shocking. This is coming on the heels of the arrest, last Friday (February 15, 2008), of an Islamic teacher, AbdulGaniyu Imoniyi, who operated an illegal detention camp at Eleta, Ile-tuntun area of Sanyo where 23 victims were rescued. Another Muslim cleric, Alfa Ali Ademola, was arrested at Orogun area of Ibadan, last week for allegedly torturing a trainee to death.   



On Saturday, an Islamic leader, Alhaji Azeez Arisekola-Alao, was one of the early callers at the SARS… The Muslim leader declined press interview during the brief period he stayed at the SARS while he assured the agitated victims, “Don’t worry; they will give you food,” before departing the venue.



The AIG admitted that pressure was mounted on him by some clerics… He said, “I don’t know what Ibadan is turning to… When I was in Abeokuta, two of my friends, an engineer and a doctor, came to Ibadan and disappeared. Who knows whether they ended up in one of these centres?”



There you are, Governor Makinde! It is not that people have not spoken out. It is not that the authorities have not been aware all along. It is just that the needful has not been done. Now, the ball is in your court! Will you dare to be different?



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Edo political conundrum (2)



Edo political conundrum (2)

Coincidentally, today marks the 3rd year anniversary of Governor Godwin Obaseki in office, but I am not going to dissect his adventure thus far. That will be an assignment for a later date. Let me continue from where I stopped last week, the Iyamho debacle. The Iyamho show of shame has been given different interpretations and connotations with accusations and counter-accusations followed by sky-rocketing rebuttals, depending on what cylinder one is firing from. The governor who spoke about pursuing peace, refused to pick the phone calls of his boss, Comrade Adams Oshiomhole, who declared that his calls to Governor Obaseki, rang out. The Iyamho show of shame has a tinge of embarrassment to it, with a cincture of mutual suspicion. First, is the Oshiomhole angle. Second, is the Obaseki/Shuaibu angle.

The common denominator is the love lost, which led to some unhealthy conducts more on the part of the state government and partly Oshiomhole’s side. It is this love lost that breached the protocol in the entire scenario. Information has it that Governor Obaseki attended the Friday 1st November, 2019 Convocation Lecture without extending courtesies to his National Chairman, Comrade Oshiomhole at the latter’s home. It snowballed into the macabre theatre that played out the following day which has now been outsourced to professional hirelings, government bootlickers, naysayers, coupon clippers and renters, to further the ugly narrative. Even at that, a discerning mind would easily see the loose end. If there was the usual camaraderie, on arrival, both the governor and his deputy would have proceeded to the residence of their National Chairman to pay the usual courtesies and from there, all the dignitaries including their host, would ride in a bus to the venue for the day’s business.

So, the love lost became the catalyst for the show of shame. Even at that, I am yet to reconcile the rationale for the deputy governor’s decision to subject our collective psyche to such dangerous ride. As a number 2 citizen of the state, his total package should worry all of us. He belongs to us as our number 2, the same way the governor belongs to us as our number 1 in the state. Riding on top of motorcyle on that busy Okpella-Benin highway exposed all of us to undue hypertension. What if peradventure, God forbids, any of those trucks’ drivers plying that road failed to apply his brakes, and decided to ram into those motorcyclists, including that of the number 2? What would have been the explanation? There have been many instances of brake failure and mindless carnage on that ever-busy road by heavy duty long trucks by no ordinary design of their own. What moral lesson was the Deputy Governor trying to communicate to the average graduand of the university? What was the motivation for mobilising such huge and unruly crowd to the extent that the soldiers and police would shoot teargas canisters to disperse them? Was that supposed to be a role model display or a condemnable act bearing in mind the theme and environment of the event? Was it proper for the Deputy Governor to climb a make-shift podium to give directive to the crowd like a movie director? 

A usually serene, small, university community like Iyamho would expectedly become boisterous seeing such a huge, campaign-rally type of crowd on a day that should ordinarily be for merriment by parents and their graduating children. Containing such already charged atmosphere would also be a tall order, not when teargas canisters had been fired to create additional panic. Now, in the midst of such charged atmosphere, the event ended and the governor decided to accompany other invitees to the residence of his boss, the National Chairman, bearing in mind he never extended such courtesy a day earlier. It is expected that those imported “okada” riders and thugs would naturally accompany their leaders to Oshiomhole’s residence chanting 4+4, in full obeisance to the salutary lure for second term. Expectedly, there is already a “home-grown” crowd at the entrance to the residence of Comrade Oshiomhole. Only naivety would think otherwise. You are bound to have contestation or “balance of terror” between the imported and the home-grown crowds. Any security conscious person on advance duty ought to have properly communicated this situation to the governor and his entourage, knowing full well that both actors have not been in the best of terms for sometime now.

The personal security details of the governor failed in their responsibility of proactive trouble-shooting. The simple doctrine in VIP movement is to think ahead of your principal and see if any intending atmosphere is suitable enough to accommodate a hitch-free entry for your principal. The governor’s security details ostensibly became part of the crowd and part of the problem, thus making the entire situation uncontrollable. It is one thing for you to mobilise crowd to an event, managing them to behave in a most civilised manner, often times, becomes herculean. Did the Deputy Governor depart the scene on “okada” the same way he came with them? The answer is no. He was reportedly inside the bus that conveyed other dignitaries to the residence of Comrade Oshiomhole. He left the imported crowd in the hands of the “home-grown” crowd and zoomed off with his principal. The end product was the battering and smashing of windscreens that later became relics of the encounter. Lowering the standard of public office as exhibited by the Deputy Governor is morally reprehensible, given the assignment of that day. If what the Deputy Governor wanted was a show of political strength and bravado in Oshiomhole’s domain as a mark of political independence, he got his fingers burnt and thoroughly embarrassed his boss, the governor, the state and other invited dignitaries. By the time the security agencies profile and analyse those amateur videos, they would be able to place their hands on the jar.

I am enthralled by Comrade Oshiomhole’s reported phone calls to the governor and other dignitaries few minutes after the ugly incident was brought to his attention. The only sore thumb was Oshiomhole’s declaration that he didn’t actually invite the governor. That was off the mark. Not responding to Comrade Oshiomhole’s calls was another off the mark on the part of the governor. In the african tradition, the visitor or guest is the head of the house because of the respect we accord those who visit us. I am sure that was the motivation for Oshiomhole’s calls to the governor to extend his apologies. He didn’t stop there, he also personally apologised to the governor and other dignitaries including the revered Oba of Lagos, through press interview, over the untoward behaviour of the errant youths. That apology, to me, was the hallmark of humility against the background of the love lost between the two major actors. Going further to join issues with his political son was another off the mark chronicle. He should simply have called for the State Commissioner of Police and the Department of State Services to investigate the matter and come up with a report, after all, both agencies have their men on duty on that fateful day. 

Talking seriously, as a student of power, ingratitude has its own consequences. The addictive properties of power often make its distribution suffer certain deprivations and end up creating frictions between godfathers and godsons. In the Edo scenario,  I have read a couple of very misleading, ill-informed commentaries as the rationale for the seed of discord that has germinated between Governor Obaseki and Comrade Oshiomhole. They called it “refusal to share money”, a cheap blackmail, loaded in baloney, a banality that is neither here nor there. The Edo debacle is purely a function of ego, pure and simple. As a muslim who believes in the efficacy of my five times prayers, it is becoming a motto on the lips of people to offer this prayer line: may your case never be like that of Oshiomhole and Obaseki. Often times, you hear a deafening sound of A-M-E-E-E-E-N. Why is the prayer that instructive and disturbingly so? It is because of the robust relationship that hitherto existed between the two of them for eight solid years when Godwin Obaseki served as Economic Advisor to Oshiomhole and the level of decay it has suffered just within three years.

No one would have contemplated that Governor Obaseki would derive the balls to confront an Oshiomhole whom he often offered the honorific salutation of “yes sir”, “yes sir” in those years. Coupled with this, is the current role of the Deputy Governor, Phillip Shuaibu, a once political son of Oshiomhole, who has now chosen power in place of long held relationship. They say you do not know the true depth of a man’s character until power and money are thrust upon him. Power! Power!! Power!!!. What a crazy aphrodisiac that makes men blind to their real intentions and derobe their sense of humanity when faced with the lure of high office. I am yet to reconcile in retrospect why Comrade Oshiomhole would have to withdraw Phillip Shuaibu from the House of Representatives and made him Obaseki’s running mate, when there were better, intellectually mobile and cerebral minds from Edo North who could have filled the opportunity. Power, they say, works in an uncommon fashion.

If the opportunity presents itself, would Oshiomhole be willing to do same? That is the lesson of history and experience. I now hear the unprintable names Oshiomhole is being called by those beneficiaries of his compelling lobby and argument. Some say it is the law of karma at play, others say it serves him right, yet some say, it is a lesson for those who tend to serve power ala carte. Obaseki got his hands on power ala carte, right from the oven of Oshiomhole’s kitchen. Having been fed with the menu of some ideological precepts, he has now built his own army of praise-singers and colony of clapping youths who deafen our ears with suffocating chants of 4+4. In the inner recesses of power, especially in Nigeria, sustaining the drive becomes a distraction and money guzzling adventure, but from Obaseki’s body language, he seems ready to break the till to prove a point that he indeed is the real King on the throne. Power and its allure presents intoxicants for those who wield it and gives ingratitude a new meaning….

To be continued….

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Atiku: They gave him a false sense of hope



Atiku: They gave him a false sense of hope


fter the Supreme Court threw out the legal challenge by Atiku Abubakar of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) on the February 23, 2019 presidential poll last week, two things flashed across my mind. One was a song, the other, a quote from William Shakespeare’s Macbeth, which I’d read over 40 years ago.

First, the song:

The strife is o’er, the battle done,

The victory of life is won,

The song of triumph has begun,


And then Shakespeare, as Macbeth was confronted by Macduff at the battlefront, and the former realized he had been fooled by the witches who had predicted that no man born of woman could ever kill him, and that he could not be defeated in any battle “till Birnam Wood comes to Dunsinane.”

Macduff told Macbeth that he had been “untimely ripped” from his mother’s womb, and was not biologically delivered as babies are. The advancing soldiers also bore before them trees they had cut from Birnam Wood, which meant the forest had virtually relocated to Dunsinane. Macbeth, confronted with defeat, had declared:

“And be these juggling fiends no more believed,

That palter with us in a double sense,

That keep the word of promise to our ear,

And break it to our hope.”

Macbeth had been fooled, just as it happened to former Vice President, Atiku Abubakar, who had been hoodwinked into believing that he was President already, before the February 2019 election.

Who were those that paltered with Atiku in a double sense? Who were the people that lured him into a losing battle? Who were those who told him he was on a giant horse, not knowing that he was riding on a cockroach? Let’s do a checklist.

Olusegun Obasanjo, and his foreign cohorts. The former president was the one that ruined Atiku Abubakar most, when they fought a bitter battle as they served together in government. Obasanjo wrote books, granted interviews, where he poured vitriol on his former deputy. He described him in words that won’t make you buy Atiku for 10 kobo. In fact, he said God should punish him if he ever supported Atiku for president. And that lasted for about 10 years.

Suddenly, with just months to the 2019 election, Obasanjo came singing another tune. He said he had forgiven Atiku, and started calling him “my President in waiting.” Were Nigerians fools? Can you approbate and reprobate at the same time? Can you strip a man naked in the marketplace, and cover him up in the bedroom? The damage would already be done. And so it was with Atiku.

Yes, Obasanjo has some clout, particularly internationally. He swung into action, trying to mobilize the international community behind his candidate. Some people followed him, and Atiku thought the deed was done. But they didn’t reckon with the hurricane called Muhammadu Buhari. The cyclone force was too strong, and it simply cleared everything in its path. It was a bitter lesson that the challenger learnt too late.

Obasanjo had always decided who should, and shouldn’t be President, right from the first time he left power as a military ruler in 1979. He was instrumental in some ways to the emergence of Shehu Shagari, Umaru Yar’Adua, and Goodluck Jonathan, as presidents. He also contributed to pulling them down later with his mouth. By this year, Nigerians were simply tired of the overbearing attitude of the Otta chicken farmer. They thus refused to buy the candidate he had earlier rendered toxic, and was selling to them in borrowed robes.

Who fooled Atiku again? The Atikulators. And who are they? People who flocked after the candidate for many reasons, none of them altruistic. They were those who didn’t like Buhari, either because of ethnicity, language, religion, or the man’s aversion for corruption. They wanted business as usual, and it should be anybody but Buhari. So, they followed Atiku, not because they loved him, but they would have also followed a goat, if they had been told that the animal could get Buhari out of power. They put their money on the wrong horse, gambled, and lost.

Before the election, you saw and heard the Atikulators everywhere, boasting of how they were going to wrest power in the country. They were all over the place. In offices, market places, churches, mosques, schools, television, radio, newspapers, almost in all traffic lanes of life. And they fooled their principal. He backed them up with piles and tons of cash, in major currencies of the world. To quote President Buhari, “they spent so much dollars, that the currency became devalued.” For Atiku, anything that money cannot do is not doable. Money answereth all things. He threw in more and more. But for the Buharists, it is not about money, not even a bottle of soft drink or water. It is about conviction. It is about integrity and accountability. It is about building a new country, devoid of greed and rapacity. So we followed the Mai Gaskiya (honest man) all the way. Nothing could be articulated against him. Not possible.


Again, the marabouts, prophets, some pastors and preachers. Yes, let me group them together, including the witches and wizards. They formed a confederacy, and said Atiku would win. Who is it that says anything when the Lord has not spoken? The marabouts collected money handsomely, and pronounced Atiku king. They did not tell him he would be king on an empty throne. The preachers, across the major religions, because of personal hatred, and possibly inducement, gave evil and false messages. They began to proclaim that Atiku was the messiah, when God had not said so. And the PDP candidate believed them. He felt there was no way he could ever lose the election. But he didn’t know that lying tongues were in action. The preachers had become inhabited by lying spirits, modern day Zedekiahs, who prophesied falsehood (1 Kings 22:11). They led Atiku to political perdition.


The social media. Populated by people with exaggerated sense of worth, they think they can do and undo. I call them the vocal minority. If you followed only the social media before the elections, you would think the All Progressives Congress (APC) government at the centre was gone. They filled the landscape with so much wailing, till they became wailing wailers. We will do this, we will do that. Mere shooting of breeze. Superfluity of nothingness. Arrogant impertinence. The Buhari people simply kept their peace, while online warriors, most of who had no permanent voters’ cards (PVCs) continued to fire blanks.


A very credible and scientific study had showed before the polls that social media would account for only between nine and 11 per cent of the ballots. And not all of the votes would go to PDP. The two major parties would share it. But from the noise online, you thought Atiku had coasted home. He, too, must have believed the lie. He paid dearly for it with a broken heart.


The coalition that thought they owned the country. They also fooled Atiku. They include politicians, businessmen, high net-worth people. They had never failed in anything before. If they showed you a red card, you were out of the game. God’s judgement, no appeal. Such people massed behind Atiku. Those who had corruption cases before the courts, those who had lost power and were forlorn and disconsolate, those who had always profiteered from the system and who felt that Buhari had closed the sluice gate, they all came together. Buoyed by Atiku’s promise that he would empower his friends when he got power, they were already licking their lips. Soon, our snouts would be in the honeypot again, they told themselves. But those who felt they were Nigeria’s landlords had long been given quit notices by Buhari, and ejected. Atiku thought they were still somebody, and learned the hard way. What a pity!


Wrong permutations. That was also Atiku’s downfall. It is an inexorable truth that it is only the person/party that builds the bigger coalition wins the Presidency in Nigeria (and almost everywhere else). But before the election, Atikulators had come with this jejune permutation. They would sweep the Southe-East, the South-South, the North-Central, share North-East and North-West, as well as South-West. And Atiku would coast home. True? Well, dreams don’t cost anything. The dream eventually became nightmare.


Wrong strategy. It is on good authority that the winning strategy of the PDP had been based on data hack. That was why they fought tooth and nail for electronic voting, because they were allegedly in league with international forces that was adept at manipulation of election results. The plan was to intercept results as they were transmitted electronically, and record them for PDP. But it is said that if the abiku has learnt to die in dry season, the mother too would learn to bury in rainy season. The rest is history.


Many other forces fooled Atiku that space would not permit one to mention. People who promised access to the electoral commission’s server, when none existed in the true sense of the word. Some elements in the judiciary, who had made false promises. And the lawyers. Yes, we can’t but talk briefly about them.


Lawyers are professionals. They must ply their art, and make profit from it. They are learned people, while the rest of us are only educated. However, morality is everything. Why egg on your client, when you know he has the most useless case in the world? Nigerians knew Atiku lost the election. Lawyers too knew it. But man must chop. They encouraged the PDP candidate to go to court, despite knowing that the prayers were weak and improbable. Senior Advocate of Nigeria, Festus Keyamo, said the suit was the worst he had ever seen in Nigeria’s history of election petitions. But the lawyers convinced Atiku otherwise. He lost at the Court of Appeal level, but there was probably more money to be made. So they encouraged a trip to the Supreme Court. Another ill-fated journey.



Sadly, after the Supreme Court threw out the case, Atiku was not gracious enough to throw up his hands in surrender. He called the judiciary all sorts of names. An opportunity missed to prove that he is not a sore loser and power monger. Where would he go next, World Court? Or as somebody has jocularly said, he may just decide to go to the lawn tennis court.



  • Adesina is Special Adviser to President Buhari on Media and Publicity.
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Those with glass jaws shouldn’t throw punches



Those with glass jaws shouldn’t throw punches


t is pulsating trying to ascribe any intelligent reason to why the chief spokesman to Muhammadu Buhari had penned a misleading account of the last presidential election in the country. But it wasn’t all together a bad idea. If anything, Femi Adesina gave a literary expression to how jolt to the hilt people at the Aso Rock Villa were about the inevitability of a win at the polls by the opposition Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) and Atiku Abubakar during the February 23 presidential election. This much, Adesina himself, confessed to when he said, “before the election, you saw and heard Atikulators everywhere… They were all over the place. In the offices, marketplaces, churches, mosques, schools, on television, radio, newspaper; almost in all traffic lanes of life.” That was both a candid and surreal expression of fear that the Atikulators were indeed poised for victory in the 2019 presidential election.

However, if we are to interrogate Adesina’s confession a little bit further, we would remove the mask and expose the chicanery that summed up the claim of victory by the APC and their Buharideens alike.

First off, before the election, the APC band was busy chorusing around town that there was no Nigerian alive who was up to challenge and defeat Buhari in an election. They soon coined the phrase of ‘No Alternative’ to ingrain the argument that Buhari was super human and to scare the opposition from challenging a second term ticket with him.

The APC and the likes of Adesina who are disconnect from the reality of the angst of Nigerians against the incompetence and cluelessness of Buhari-led administration told a lie to the president that he was loved and adored by all. Thus, Buhari and the APC entered the 2019 presidential race with a foolish and corrupted sense of entitlement about a towering expectation from the people that was nowhere to be found. The Buhari team, unlike the Atikulators, lured their candidate into an election without an honest evaluation of the strength of their opponent. At the end, they entered a panic mode and, using the instrumentality of power of incumbency, took certain actions to guarantee victory at all cost which ultimately compromised the integrity of the election.

The second irrational assumption is the claim that the Atikulators is an assembly of people who hate Buhari. According to Adesina’s words, Atikulators are ‘those who didn’t like Buhari, either because of ethnicity, language, religion, or the man’s aversion for corruption… So, they followed Atiku, not because they loved him, but they would have also followed a goat…’

It is often said that people who live in the corridors of power actually live inside a bubble. If there are people in this country who think that there is anything close to aversion for corruption by this current administration, they must be folks like Femi who are too busy chopping and smiling, having a blurry vision of the cesspool of iniquities and the lack of rectitude in the system. Irrespective of what Adesina and his colleagues at the corridors of power might say, Nigerians already have their opinion about the vastness of space index for corruption in the Buhari government. And by the way, Femi and his co-travellers need to be reminded that those with glass jaws should not throw punches.


So, coming back to the question: who are the Atikulators? Perhaps Femi is a bit right when he says that they are people who didn’t like the policies of this president. Where he got it all wrong is that they didn’t have to dislike Buhari’s personality or identity in order to like Atiku because both men share same religion, ethnicity and even language. If these qualities are the reason why some people hate Buhari, it must go without begging that there must be some other reason(s) why the same people will prefer Atiku as a leader.



There is a popular American saying that ‘fool me once, shame on you!’ In 2015, many of the people that supported and voted for Buhari feel that they have been fooled. They didn’t imagine that the man they would be voting as president would divide the country in the approximation of 70-30 per cent. They didn’t believe that the man they voted would be clannish in his top appointments. They didn’t expect that a president who boasted that there would not be one corrupt person in his government will end up filling more than half of his cabinet positions with same ‘corrupt PDP people.’ They didn’t believe that the man who promised to crash the prices of petroleum products, but ended up doubling it should be trusted again. They felt betrayed by a man who promised them change but ended up changing his ways and his words!



One epic episode in the 2019 election cycle is the live NTA interview anchored by Kadaira Ahmed. The interview afforded Nigerians a life time opportunity to hear the man called Buhari unscripted. Were Femi Adesina’s pen not beguiled by the lucre of power, he would certainly not find any excuse for himself to still be a Buharideen after watching the man unscripted at the interview. Had Adesina been a mere mortal like the rest of us, he would have longed to see the Atiku episode of that interview and given the brilliance that the former Vice President showed at that interview, Adesina himself would have been an Atikulator. But he didn’t. Not because Adesina hated the ideas espoused by Atiku during the campaign trail, but for him and his cohorts at the corridor of power the refrain is: Buhari will NEVER relinquish power to Atiku.



The Atikulators are patriotic Nigerians. They wouldn’t have voted for a goat. I mean, they just wouldn’t have doubled down on the same mistake!

Again, there was a reference to what Adesina called hurricane Buhari sweeping everywhere across the length and breadth of Nigeria. Yes, he is right about that allegorical meaning of hurricane in Nigeria blowing through the bellies and wallets of Nigerians. But if by any stretch of assumption the hurricane was describing Buhari’s electoral popularity, it is safe to conclude therefore that our friend, Femi, is a fit for stand-up comedy. Or how could he have forgotten so soon what transpired in room 710 of Eko Hotel during his presidency of the NGE in the presence of my then colleague at Atiku Media Office, and now his colleague in the Aso rocked villa. But to avert a needless distraction, I am inclined to ensure that what transpired in that room is buried in the bowels of time.



Where in the world would Buhari of all people feel invincible in an election contest when the man could not trust where his own wife would vote on the election day.



Atiku went through the judicial process to express his discontentment with the election. He never called on his supporters to launch a violent attack, neither did he make a savage remark about baboons being soaked in blood. If Adesina feels what Atiku did is morally deficient, then it only shows the company he has been keeping of late is already telling on his vanishing ethos.



And talking about jokes, there is a piece going around the social media that smart people who serve in Buhari’s government have a way of losing it. For Femi, that is more than a joke. And when next you have the opportunity to read Femi be sure to have a bowl of pepper and salt by your side. It will be wise to leave our friend with a popular Yoruba saying that the sheep that flocks with dogs will end up eating faeces.



  • Mazi Ibe is Media Adviser to Atiku Abubakar, Vice President of Nigeria, 1999-2007
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The place of the President and Vice President under the Nigerian and American Constitutions (2)



The place of the President and Vice President under the Nigerian and American Constitutions (2)



It is the responsibility of individuals to know that the liberties of our country, the freedom of our civil constitution, are worth defending against all hazards, and it is our duty to defend them against all attacks. In the same vein, the constitutional provisions that clearly define the roles of the President and Vice President should never be undermined.


The current “private visit”  by President Muhammadu Buhari to the UK, a foreign land with a differing territorial jurisdiction, but where he is busy signing laws that govern Nigerians, has more than ever before brought to the fore the place of the Vice President in a presidential system of government that we operate.


How could the president side-track his joint ticket VP to totally ignore him and act in a foreign land as if sections 142 to 145 of the 1999 Constitution were inserted for mere decoration? Where is our national honour, pride, dignity and self-esteem as a sovereign state?


Last week, we considered some of the roles of the Vice President of America, to include, but not limited to presiding over the impeachment trials and the power to supervise electoral votes count. On this note, we shall continue with other informal roles of the American Vice President.




The extent of any informal roles and functions of the vice President depend on the specific relationship between the President and the Vice President, but often include tasks such as drafter and spokesperson for the administration’s policies, adviser to the President, and being a symbol of American concern or support. The influence of the Vice President in this role depends almost entirely on the characteristics of the particular administration.


Dick Cheney, for instance, was widely regarded as one of President George W. Bush’s closest confidants. Al Gore was an important adviser to President Bill Clinton on matters of foreign policy and the environment.


Under the American system of government the President is both head of state and head of government, and the ceremonial duties of the former position are often delegated to the Vice President. The Vice President will on occasion represent the President and the U.S. government at state funerals abroad, or at various events in the United States. This often is the most visible role of the Vice President. The Vice President may also meet with other heads of state at times when the administration wishes to demonstrate concern or support but cannot send the President personally.





The Vice President of Nigeria is the second-in-command to the President of Nigeria in the Government of Nigeria. Officially styled and referred to as the Vice President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, the Vice President is elected alongside the President in national elections.


The executive function of the Nigerian Vice President includes participation in all cabinet meetings and, by statute, membership in the National Security Council, the National Defence Council, Federal Executive Council, and the Chairman of National Economic Council (NEC). Although the Vice President may take an active role in establishing policy in the Executive Branch by serving on such committees and councils, the relative power of the Nigerian Vice President’s office depends upon the duties delegated by the President.


Section 141 of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria (1999) (as amended) established the office of the Vice President.

Section 141 Provides:


There shall be for the Federation a Vice-President.


To further give weight to the office of the Vice President, the Constitution further provides in section 142 as follows:


142  (1) In any election to which the foregoing provisions of this Part of this Chapter relate, a candidate for an election to the office of President shall not be deemed to be validly nominated unless he nominates another candidate as his associate from the same political party for his running for the office of President, who is to occupy the office of Vice President and that candidate shall be deemed to have been duly elected to the office of Vice-President if the candidate for an election to the office of President who nominated him as such associate is duly elected as President in accordance with the provisions aforesaid.


(2) The provisions of this Part of this Chapter relating to qualification for election, tenure of office, disqualification, declaration of assets and liabilities and oaths of President shall apply in relation to the office of Vice President as if references to President were references to Vice President.


It can, therefore, be argued that the Vice-President is NOT a “spare President”, because the Constitution has specifically assigned definite functions to him.


The Court of Appeal of Nigeria had an opportunity in the case of Atiku Abubakar v. Attorney-General, Fed. (2007) 3 NWLR (Pt 1022) 601 at 642, to give a thorough explanation as to the status of a Vice President. The Court held Per Abdullahi, PCA as follows:


“The President and the Vice President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria are jointly elected at a general election and the relationship between them is not that of a master and servant. In other words, the Vice President is not an employee of the President or of the political party on whose platform they are both elected. In the instant case, the plaintiff not being an employee of the President or the political party on whose platform he was elected, he cannot be impliedly or constructively removed by either of them.


“The Vice President, not being an employee cannot be impliedly or constructively removed. Assuming he qualifies as an employee, without, for a moment so deciding, his employer would most manifestly be the people of Nigeria, who elected him to the office, acting through their representatives in the national assembly but certainly not the President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria nor the sponsoring political party. This assumption is based on the cliché that the power to hire is the power to fire embedded in Section 11 of the Interpretation Act. See Longe v. First Bank of Nigeria Plc. (2005) ALL FWLR (Pt. 260) 65. In other words, this matter is a matter that falls squarely within the contemplation of Section 143 of the Constitution which expressly provides for the removal of the President and Vice President from office.”



On the strength of the above judicial decision, it is submitted that the relationship between the President and Vice President, is not that of master and servant as each of them is a creation of the Constitution and neither employs the other.


Unlike the Ministers, the President cannot remove the Vice President. The process of removal of the President or the Vice President is provided for in section 143 of the Constitution. It is through the process of impeachment, which is to be conducted by the National Assembly as set out in that section. Section 143(10) of the Constitution specifically ousts interference of the court from the proceedings leading to the impeachment of the holders of the two offices.


Section 143(11) defines what would amount to “gross misconduct.” Section 143 of the Constitution provides as follows:


“143(1) The President or Vice President may be removed from office in accordance with the provisions of this section.


(2)  Whenever a notice of any allegation in writing signed by not less than one-third of the members of the National Assembly –


(a)   is presented to the President  of the Senate;


(b)  stating that the holder of the office of President or Vice President is guilty of gross misconduct in the performance of the functions of his office, detailed particulars of which shall be specified.


The president of the Senate shall within seven days of the receipt of the notice cause a copy thereof to be served on the holder of the office and on each member of the National Assembly, and shall also cause any statement made in reply to the allegation by the holder of the office to be served on each member of the National Assembly.

(3)  Within fourteen days of the presentation of the notice to the President of the Senate (whether or not any statements was made by the holder of the office in reply to the allegation contained in the notice) each House of the National Assembly shall resolve by motion without any debate whether or not the allegation shall be investigated.


(4)  A motion of the National Assembly that the allegation be investigated shall not be declared as having been passed, unless it is supported by the votes of not less than two-thirds majority of all the members of each House of the National Assembly.

(To be continued).




“The Framers of the Constitution wisely understood that constitutional principles must not be sacrificed on the altar of political appeasement.” (Max Baucus).



I thank Nigerians for always keeping faith with the Sunday Sermon on the Mount of the Nigerian Project, by Chief Mike Ozekhome, SAN, OFR, FCIArb., Ph.D, LL.D. I enjoin you to look forward to next week’s treatise.

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