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International Observers’ verdicts on 2019 polls



International Observers’ verdicts on 2019 polls


In the last one week, the 2019 general election bounced back to the front burner of public discourse, especially with the release of the final reports of two international election observation groups that monitored the elections held earlier this year.
The first was the report of the European Union Election Observation Mission (EUEOM) which said that the elections were characterised by several operational and transparency shortcomings as well as security challenges. It scored the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) low on the conduct of the 2019 elections, saying there were also insufficient checks and lack of transparency in the result process. The EU Election Observers acknowledged that INEC worked in a difficult environment and made some improvements, such as simplifying voting procedures, but that there were still a lot of operational deficiencies.

Besides, the report said there was abuse of the power of incumbency at the federal and state levels in terms of the use of the media for campaign messages.
The election monitoring group said that though the elections were competitive as the political parties were able to campaign freely, the leading political parties failed in not reining in their members and supporters who were engaged in acts of violence and intimidation.
According to the report, security challenges were so severe that it did not just result in poor voter turnout in some locations but claimed the lives of no fewer than 150 lives.

The second report which was released by the Joint Nigeria International Election Observation Mission of the National Democratic Institute (NDI) and the International Republican Institute (IRI) also gave a damming verdict on the 2019 elections. This time the report said that the both the conduct, process and outcome of the 2019 general election did not meet the expectations of many Nigerians.

The election observer mission said that the last-minute postponement of the presidential and National Assembly elections in the early hours of February 16 and delays in opening some polling units and other administrative challenges on February 23 undermined public confidence in INEC. It observed that for the March 9 gubernatorial and state House of Assembly elections, many serious irregularities occurred, including vote buying, intimidation of voters and election officials, and election-related violence.


The observers said that whereas Nigeria recorded appreciable improvements in 2011 and 2015 general elections, what transpired in 2019 “fell significantly short of the standards” and shook the confidence of citizens in the electoral process.

A deep study of both reports would reveal several similarities in their findings and conclusions. If one were to read in between the lines, one would find that the common string running through these reports is that Nigeria had a very bad outing in the 2019 general election.
As observers working within the ambit of international laws and protocols as well as respect for the laws and sovereignty of Nigeria, they have passed their otherwise, harsh verdicts in the finesse of diplomacy. It is left for us as Nigerians to use our tongue to count our teeth.
Both observation groups have recommended that Nigeria required fundamental electoral reforms if it must overcome the various shortcomings, deficiencies and hurdles inherent in the nation’s electoral process.

The EUEOM made 30 recommendations on how Nigeria can improve her electoral system. Among these recommendations are the need to: strengthen INEC procedures for the collation of results to improve integrity and confidence in the electoral outcomes; establishment of the required law to ensure full results transparency, with data easily accessible to the public; strengthening organisational and operational capacity as well as its internal communication and reform the licensing system for the broadcast media to provide for media pluralism and diversity in all states of Nigeria.
Similarly, the IRI/NDI Joint Observation Mission made a number of recommendations designed to enhance the credibility of future elections in Nigeria. It, however, lamented that in previous years, similar suggestions for improvements of the electoral process in Nigeria by reputable citizens and international observation missions were seldom taken seriously by the government of our country.

We are glad that copies of these reports have been presented to INEC and to the leadership of the country at the highest levels. It is also heart-warming that the Electoral Management Body received these reports with a promise to study them and made amends where necessary. Similar promises have also been made by the Presidency and the National Assembly, two critical stakeholders whose roles are invaluable in terms of reforming the electoral process.

We urge the National Assembly, INEC and all other stakeholders in the electoral process to kick start the much-needed electoral reforms by insisting that President Muhammadu Buhari assents to the Electoral Act Amendment Bill already passed by the two chambers of the parliament.
Like the Nigeria Civil Society Organisations Situation Room said, we are not proud of the 2019 elections, and we cannot pretend that all is well simply because a group of people have, through the process, found their way to public offices. We must sanitize our elections and leadership recruitment processes if our democracy and governance systems must witness positive growth.

We cannot be celebrating two decades of uninterrupted democracy on the sidelines of a general election whose processes and outcomes have made us a laughing stock not only in Africa but across the world.

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Domestic football gasping for breath



Domestic football gasping for breath


t is very impressive to know that there are some players making the country proud in their respective clubs. Victor Osimhen, Samuel Chukwueze, Alex Iwobi, Wilfred Ndidi, Joe Aribo, Samuel Kalu, Kenneth Omeruo, Henry Onyekuru are some of those hitting the headlines for the right reasons. We are particularly excited that many of these players are young and good enough to be in the national team in the next two World Cups but we make bold to stress that national team will require a quality tactician to bring out the best in these promising players.




On October 13 in Singapore, the youthful players brought their form to the fore against Brazil in a friendly encounter. Nigeria scored first and the Samba team struggled to level score. To record 1-1 draw with the best football nation in the world is important and a big boost to the players and the country’s football in general.



We believe the Coordinator of the Super Eagles, Patrick Pascal, was spot on when his said: “The average age of this team is about 22 or 23, these are very young players. In the past, we don’t usually have such young players in the team, this is a great development for the country which means the future is bright.”



Sad enough, female football that has been giving the country a good image on the continent is fast degenerating into another level. Many of the teams are on same level with Super Falcons and the nine titles won in 11 events are no longer enough to measure the country’s pedigree because the administration of female football from the secretariat of the Nigeria Football Federation (NFF) affected the country’s national team such that the coach, Thomas Denneby, dumped the team in anger. The administrative lapses also led to the team’s ouster from the football event of the Tokyo 2020 Olympic Games. It was Cote d’ Ivoire that edged Nigeria out after their 1-1 draw in Nigeria was enough to send Falcons out on away goals rule.



Overall, it is sad that the domestic football that should be the standard to measure the development of the game in Nigeria is in shambles.



Nigeria’s home-based senior team travelled to Togo for the CHAN qualifiers only to lose 4-1 under the tutelage of Coach Imama Amakapabo and in the return leg only at the weekend, the team only won 2-0 to crash out of the CHAN finals billed for Cameroon. In between the two-leg tie, the same team went to Senegal for WAFU Cup competition. At the tournament, the home-based team again lost 2-1 to Togo and also lost on penalties to Cape Verde.



We are aware that the ouster from CHAN is a huge disappointment to many fans of the game in Nigeria especially because the domestic football league, the Nigeria Premier Football League is yet to start.



The Vice President of NFF, Seyi Akinwunmi, was emphatic about this while expressing disappointment and promising a probe into the ouster. He said: “Truth is, we had no business losing the tie. I was not in Togo to see what really happened, but the Togo team I watched doesn’t have what it takes to beat Nigeria. It is very unfortunate that we are out, I am very upset. We are going to take the lessons and positives from there. I saw about three or four players in the team that can fight toe-to-toe with their foreign-based counterparts. We will evaluate what has happened and wait for the report of the technical committee before taking an action.”



We can confirm that the preparation of the Nigerian team was poor especially because the players were obviously picked perhaps due to their popularity and not their current form. The league was not in session and it was funny players not involved in competitive games were invited to camp. We learnt that the Togolese team that edged Nigeria out has been in camp for over four months. It is obvious the team was not good while the technical ability of the Amakapabo technical crew is suspect. We believe the NFF and the League Management Company have been disappointing with the domestic league. The best way to evaluate the standard of football in a country is the domestic league and that is why the country is experiencing a boom of sort with the players abroad who are very promising to make the country proud in future.



The domestic league requires an emergency. A November 3 date has been fixed for kick off but there are measures that should be taken to ensure a good welfare package for the players in league, create an enabling environment and also ensure good facilities at respective stadia.



Getting the league back on television and getting a sponsor would be great because some of the players could be sourced courtesy of games seen on the TV.



We insist that the NFF must not be carried away with the exploits of Eagles’ stars in their clubs or the team itself. The federation should work towards lifting the domestic game especially through top-notch overall administration of the game.

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Fuelling insecurity in Zamfara



Fuelling insecurity in Zamfara

Governor Bello Matawalle of Zamfara State may have ventured into an area that is dreaded by many. Two weeks ago, a committee he set up to look into the insecurity and banditry that have become the lot of the state in the past 10 years submitted its report.

The report was as damning as it could be, indicting top military officers and traditional rulers as being responsible for the banditry in the state.

The committee, set up in July this year, had a former Inspector-General of Police, Muhammad Abubakar, as the chairman.

At the end, Abubakar and his committee recommended the dismissal of some military officers and dethroning of the culpable traditional rulers.

Abubakar said “five emirs, 33 district heads and several village heads were confirmed to be complicit in the banditry activities, which has lasted for about a decade.”

He went on to say that some 10 military, police officers and civilians were “supporting the bandits, who have killed hundreds of innocent persons, burnt villages, destroyed farmlands, foodstuff and livestock.”

Matawalle said he would implement the report accordingly, without fear or favour. He stated that those he cannot punish because of constitutional limitations, he would hand over to the Federal Government for proper punishments.

Although the governor has not started implementing the report, we see the setting up of the committee and the submission of its report as first steps in the right direction. We believe that the governor might have started a process that would eventually put an end to the banditry in the state.

We are not oblivious of the fact that the landscape of Nigeria is littered with thousands of such reports of committees set up on different issues by different levels of governments, which did not see the light of the day.

But we are particularly happy with this report because of the history of Zamfara in the recent past. The immediate past governor of the state, Abdulaziz Yari, spent his eight-year tenure, lamenting on his powerlessness in the face of the daunting security challenges. He even vowed to drop his tag as the chief security officer of the state, owing to his inability to have a control of the security apparatus in the state.

Yari, during his tenure, made a show of his inability to control security agents in the state.

That is where the approach taken by Matawalle is commendable. At least, now, he can understand the bearing of the insecurity in his state. He would also be able to know who the real suspects are and those that are culpable.

Another important aspect of the inquest launched by the governor is that many of the traditional rulers, military officers and policemen found culpable now know that they have been found out and have no hiding place.

We do not expect the governor to depose the Emirs and monarchs indicted in the report with military fiat. He should allow them to answer to the charges, with those found guilty treated appropriately.

That becomes very important now considering that we are at a time governors, the military and even the Federal Government appear to be allowing criminals all over the country some rooms through dubious negotiations, resort to false theories and a subtle surrender to the whims of those who have held the country hostage for some time.

Recently, the Nigerian Army delved into the unfathomable by talking of spiritual warfare against insurgents. So many other governors in the North are engaged in negotiations with bandits, something akin to giving them a golden handshake for their crimes.

We know that nothing stops Matawalle from dumping the report, especially when powerful figures are indicted. There is also the possibility that some powerful figures might also intervene or interfere with the report. But we believe very strongly that the submission of the report is a necessary step in getting to the root of the security situation in the state.

We also believe that such actions from other governors in the area might put a stop to the banditry that has taken over the North-West region of the country.

At least, if not for anything, there is a fear now in the air in Zamfara among the traditional rulers, the army, police and even prominent civilians on the indictment list. We are not sure anybody would be willing to cooperate with the bandits openly or through subtle support.

We are however to point out that we do not expect the governor to relax or dump the report. Rather, he should follow up on the recommendations of the committee with a view to sorting out the knotty issues in the security of the state.

Matawalle has done well with the setting up of the committee. The committee has also done well with the recommendations. What is now left is for the governor to implement the recommendations and set an example that no matter how hidden a crime might be, the state is big and proactive enough to catch up with any offender.

It is only when he musters enough political will to implement the recommendations that his job would be complete. That is as far as the innocent are not punished.     

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Nigeria and N25.7trn debt



Nigeria and N25.7trn debt


he Debt Management Office (DMO), last week, declared that the Federal Government and 36 states of the federation incurred N25.7 trillion debt as at end of June 2019.

Nigeria’s total domestic (N15,628,758.66) and foreign debt (N6,750,907.61) was put at N22.38 trillion by the DMO at the end of June 2018.

This means that the country’s debt increased by N3.32 trillion in one year.

According to debt figures released by the DMO, the country’s total foreign debt stood at N8.32 trillion ($27.16 billion) while domestic debt was put at N17.38 trillion. Out of the total debt, the Federal Government alone owed N20.42 trillion, while the 36 states and Federal Capital Territory (FCT) are owing N5.28 trillion.

DMO stated that the debt which rose by N3.32 trillion in one year was accounted for largely by domestic debt which grew by over N1.65 trillion, while external debt also increased by over N1.57 trillion during the same period.

In the 2019 budget of the Federal Government, N2.254 trillion was set aside for debt servicing. As at June 2019, about N1.109 trillion had been spent on servicing debt.

In the N10.33 trillion 2020 Budget recently submitted to the National Assembly by President Muhammadu Buhari, N2.45 trillion is for debt servicing.

While a section of the citizenry sees nothing wrong with the accumulating debt currently put at over N25.7 trillion, others are, however, worried that the rate at which the federal and state governments are burrowing into various credit facilities, the future of the country is consciously being mortgaged. 

The fear being expressed is evident on the fact that considering the huge sum borrowed so far, there is actually no corresponding infrastructural development to measure up with it. This actually calls for concern as the Federal Government, especially under the current administration, has often make noise about borrowing to develop infrastructure.

With major roads across the country in their unprecedented worse state, and nothing to write about electricity supply as well as other public institutions begging for attention, one is left with no choice to really question the specific areas the funds so far borrowed has been channelled into.

Though the IMF welcomed the move by Nigeria to embark on more borrowing, it stressed that such funds be used for infrastructure and social spending even as it urged the country to broaden her tax base.

During its meeting in September, the Central Bank of Nigeria’s Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) noted that the rising public debt was one of the factors hindering the nation’s growth prospects.

Today, most states are heavily indebted to banks and foreign institutions.

Despite the semblance of a robust economy under Buhari administration, the decision to deliberately pile up debts under the guise of infrastructure development and economic stimulation is already creating an enormous milieu of uncertainty.

While Nigerians actually believed that things were beginning to look up for the country especially with the rising foreign reserves, decelerating inflation and curtailed widespread corruption, the rising debt is casting doubt on the nation’s future.

The future of the country is obviously at stake if nothing is done urgently to cut down the rising debt profile, which the administration and a few others find very convenient to defend based on the simple fact that prevailing economic indices still allows for such projection.

Part of the feeble defence for this long-term entrapment remains the passionate attachment to sustainability even as the Federal Government has adopted a new debt management strategy, which has the objective of reducing the ratio of domestic debt in the portfolio, while the ratio of external debt increases – with a target of 60 per cent domestic and 40 per cent external.

In spite of this defence and plans to raise funds through issuance of Eurobonds, the fact remains that accumulating huge debt within a period of four years calls to mind this administration’s right to question the credibility of its predecessor, which only had a liability of N7 trillion accumulated in four years.

For an administration that came into power under the slogan of prudence and other cost cutting projections, it is indeed alarming that the sovereignty and future of the country is gradually being mortgaged by those who should know better.

While it is good enough to criticise former President Goodluck Jonathan’s administration for borrowing to pay salaries, the indiscriminate approach in the current dispensation as regards borrowing to fund infrastructure which are not even there, is also becoming worrisome.

Even while the dust raised by the current debt profile is yet to settle, the Federal Government still seeks more loans from both the World Bank and any other institution willing to offer.

While not ruling out borrowing to develop the economy, we, however, advise that caution should be applied and such development spread over time instead of piling up debts to get everything done at once.

Rather than rush to do everything just to get the credit, institutions should be built to ensure that whoever takes over from the government of today continues from where it stops.

We also believe it is time the government put into use whatever has been recovered from corrupt public office holders.

We call on the state and federal governments to be cautious in their quest for more loans.

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NECO fees: States should be prompt or hand-off



NECO fees: States should be prompt or hand-off

It is no longer news that Niger State government owes the National Examination Council (NECO) a whooping N470 million, thereby denying many students from the state the opportunity to attend this year’s post-Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (Post-UTME) screening.

The said debt is the registration fees for students in the state’s public secondary schools for the 2019 Senior School Certificate Examination (SSCE). It, however, led to the non-release of the results of over 30,000 students.

The consequence of the state government’s negligence and inability to offset the debt is grievous as the students have been deprived the opportunity of seeking admission this year.

We note that it is part of the responsibility of the state government to provide unfettered access to education for all children, no matter their parents’ socio-economic background, religious or political affiliations.

But where such obligation is lacking or seemed to have been lacking, it is suggestive that such government, either at federal or state level, is grossly irresponsive to the needs and aspirations of the people.

We make bold to say that no matter the Niger State government’s explanation for its inability to perform this obligation to the over 30,000 students and the attendant non-release of the state’s results by the examination body, it would definitely sneer the government.

Good enough, the state government, through the Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of Education, Abubakar Aliyu, had admitted that the state truly owed the examination body N470 million. Suffice it to say, however, that despite the fact that government voluntarily assumed the responsibility of paying the registration fees for WAEC and NECO for students in the state’s public secondary schools, this is not enough to hold the students to unnecessary ransom, having realised that progress in the students’ education depends largely on their SSCE results.

The permanent secretary, in admitting the debt on behalf of government, said: “For us as a government, we do not have money to release at once, but as a responsive government, we have a clear picture of what we want to do. Once we get money, we will give them. Within the availability of resources, we have given what we have and we will continue to give them what we have until we clear the accumulated debts.”

We plead with the examination bodies to consider the future of these innocent students and that with the N200 million said to have already been remitted by Niger State government to NECO as part payment, with a promise to pay in instalments whenever it could muster funds, the examination organization should ponder on releasing the results.

Sadly, Niger is not the only state in this mess. In Kano, for instance, the state government has tried to reach an agreement with the Governing Boards of WAEC and NECO to release the withheld results of students of its public schools.

In fact, the Permanent Secretary in the state Ministry of Education, Malam Danlami Garba, appealed to parents and students to exercise patience as effort was on-going to get the results released.

It is expected that the affected state governments would have realised that non-release of the students’ results would deprive them the opportunity to undertake the post-UTME for 2019 admission and, therefore, should have prioritised the children’s education needs in their scheme of finances.

While, in the first instance, Niger State government should be hailed for its bold steps to foot the bills of WAEC and NECO registration fees for students in the state public schools, it is equally important to remind the Governor Abubakar Bello-led administration of the need to take it seriously.

Since such commitment was not forced on government, adequate provision should have been made to capture the payment in the state’s appropriation bill, rather than exposing the state to public ridicule.

If the government realised that it has no capacity to foot the bill, we opine that the idea should be jettisoned while parents should be allowed to pay their children’s SSCE fees rather than assuming the ‘big brother’ role, which obviously it has no capacity and wherewithal to effectively play.

It is unimaginable that state governments that spend so much resources on sponsoring pilgrims to holy lands yearly lacks the political will to pay for the education of their students, leading to the withholding of students’ results.

We note with concern that what these states lack is the right attitude to set their priorities right in governance.

Since it is not a compulsory obligation, Niger State, ditto for others in this messy state, should, as a matter of public service, either choose to pay the examination bodies, or be bold enough to hands off such commitment for lack of capacity.

It will be incongruous for any government to take step that will jeopardise the future of students in any guise.

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Return of tollgates: Added burden for Nigerians



Return of tollgates: Added burden for Nigerians

Nigerians were recently shocked with the announcement that the Federal Government is planning to return tollgates to the nation’s expressways as a way of generating income for the maintenance of federal roads.

While announcing the proposal, the Minister of Works and Housing, Babatunde Fashola, had said that there was no law that stops government from having tollgates on federal roads, an indication that all is set for the return of toll plazas.

“We expect to return toll plazas. We have concluded the designs of what they will look like, what materials they will be rebuilt with and what new considerations must go into them.

“What we are looking at now and trying to conclude is how the back end runs,” Fashola had said after the Federal Executive Council (FEC) meeting of Wednesday, October 2, 2019.

This is coming 16 years after the regime of former President Olusegun Obasanjo ordered the removal of the tollgates, having ‘built’ the toll fare into the petroleum pump price.

Part of the argument employed by the Obasanjo regime in 2003 was that the amount being generated from toll fees was not commensurable with the number of vehicles on Nigerian roads. This simply means that there was corruption in the system. Some of the ticketing vendors were also accused of privately printing own receipts and issuing same to the motoring public.

Also, the removal of the tollgates was part of the logic that the then regime employed to cajole Nigerians to part with their hard earned money when the pump price was to be increased.

Obasanjo’s regime made it clear to the nation then that toll charges had been embedded in the fuel price as road tax. That singular point became a genuine argument that was used to convince the then leadership of the Nigeria Labour Congress (NLC) under Comrade Adams Oshiomhole to give its nod to the increase in fuel price.

While ordering the demolition of the tollgates in 2003, Obasanjo said roads should be maintained through revenue from the increase in fuel pump price, noting that the amount, about N63 million, being collected daily, was insignificant and that the toll plazas were a major hindrance to vehicular movements as they also constitute inconveniences to motorists.

Today, however, after increasing the fuel pump price to N145 per litre, nearly all the federal roads in the country are in gross disrepair, to the disadvantage of the same motorists that bear the burden of the increment.

As such, it was a rude shock to the nation when the government of President Muhammadu Buhari said it is considering the return of tollgates. From the public outcry that greeted the news, there is no doubt that there is a groundswell of opposition against the proposal.

Though Fashola had argued that the new arrangement will curb corruption, owing to the electronic tolling that would be introduced, it is our view that the tolling system will continue to breed corruption and may eventually lead to the same old story that led to its removal in the first place.

In that wise, there should be a reform of the road sector, as a lasting solution to road maintenance in the country, rather than tolling, which would be a burden on the public.

On the surface, tolling appears to be a good option because roads need funds, but the corruption therein as well as the double taxation makes it a bad idea, as the return boils down to a burden on the already impoverished masses.

Therefore, a permanent solution such as engaging the private sector on road rehabilitation, with government acting as the regulator, should be considered.

The proposal, despite the outcry against it, if implemented, will amount to executive bullying, which cannot be justified under any guise. It will no doubt lead to increase in the costs of goods and services across the country because transporters will automatically add the fee to their charges while traders will, in turn, put the transport charges on their wares, goods and services. The multiplying effect will lead to more hardship on the already burdened masses.

Already, there is an increase in the Value Added Tax (VAT) from five to 7.5 per cent, which is an added burden to the exorbitant charges such as electricity tariffs and the proposed communication tax.

This is coming at a time the same government is foot-dragging on implementing its N30,000 minimum wage agreement with the labour unions.

Already, transporters are complaining that there are many unofficial tollgates, artificially created across the country by law enforcement agents, especially the police and Customs, which are used in extorting motorists.

The impunity with which these uniformed personnel carry on without check is already a burden, so, adding another burden of official tollgates will further worsen the plight of the already impoverished masses.

Implementing this policy at this time will make government appear not only to be anti-people, but also insensitive towards the same populace it was elected to protect.

But if tolling the federal roads is the only option left for government, the policy must be well thought out to avoid the pitfalls of the previous regime.

Again, since government is continuum, the road tax allegedly built into the pump price of petroleum products by the Olusegun Obasanjo regime should first be removed before any consideration could be given to the latest proposal.

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NFF, erring secretariat official and Falcons’ crisis



NFF, erring secretariat official and Falcons’ crisis


t is no news that the Super Falcons are one of the most consistent teams in the world. Over the years, the female national football team has recorded successes in the game in Africa and beyond.



We are, however, aware that the gap between the African number one team and the rest is decreasing. We are aware that countries like Ghana, South Africa and Cameroon are now competing keenly with the Falcons.



Nevertheless, the sad exit of Falcons from the Tokyo Olympic Games football event is a major setback. The team played a goalless draw against Cote d’ Ivoire in Abidjan and in the return leg at the Agege Stadium, the encounter again ended 1-1. The Super Falcons are African champions with nine continental titles, but the team has missed out of the Olympic Games three times consecutively. This is a very sad development.



Sadly again, there were reports that one of the secretariat staff, taking key decisions affecting the team, is the cause of the problems. The powerful secretariat official has been taking unilateral decisions, which have largely divided the team.



We learnt that Falcons coach to the last Africa Women’s Cup of Nations, Thomas Denneby, dumped the team only last month due to the overbearing attitude of the ‘powerful official’ who also infringes on the role of the coaches at will.



Nigeria has again lost the ticket to the Olympics ostensibly due to the sad development at the secretariat. This secretariat official sends players out of camp for personal reasons and also imposes fines on players at will. Denneby was aware of all these and had to leave. When the former national coach of Sweden said he was leaving due to interference, it was believed that some powerful board members or the NFF boss were the cause, but behold, it was a secretariat official in the Glass House causing ripples.



It was reliably learnt that the absence of Onome Ebi and Desire Oparanozie from the current team was also due to the overbearing disposition of the ‘staff member,’ who is behaving like a sole administrator of the national female teams.



NFF also was complacent by not tackling the problem early enough and should share in this blame because it means they are not monitoring the secretariat well enough. How can an official in the secretariat be taking decisions, which the NFF president himself will not contemplate? It’s so strange, but its effect has caused Nigeria a ticket to Tokyo.


We call on the Minister of Sports, Sunday Dare, to look into this matter because after so many glorious years of posting good results for the country, the Falcons cannot decline overnight due to administrative issues.



This is just one of the ways federations play roles in the results athletes post at competitions. The show of shame at the IAAF World Championships in Doha is still fresh and lessons must be learnt to get things right in the administration of sports across board.



Lack of policy document to govern sports in the country is a big setback, but it is clear that with better planning, better results will be posted by the country’s talented athletes scattered all over the globe.



The Super Falcons must rise again and there must be a deliberate effort to get to the root of the crisis in the Falcons and all those involved must be made to pay the price. There were reports at the weekend that the powerful official in the secretariat will be redeployed to another unit of the federation, but we insist that the official be brought to book if all or some of the allegations against her were confirmed. Mere redeployment is not enough for the damage that this has caused the country and female football has been dragged back for about a decade.



We want a proper monitoring of all the federations for better efficiency and overall operations in the system.



At the weekend, the news of redeployment came as a step towards getting the Falcons back on track, especially with the divisions in the team. There is urgent need to name a substantive coach for the team and all operations of this team and other national teams must be transparent.



NFF has failed in its duties by allowing an official to be too powerful than the NFF president. We are aware that Amaju Pinnick and his executive body members are not known for interference over the years. There must be efforts towards bringing Falcons back better. The two players dropped for the last game – Ebi and Oparanozie – should return to make the team more solid. The team must be united and once again occupy its pride of place.



Nigeria is bigger than any individual. Those powerful people in the Glass House that the erring official was using as shield should also be brought to book, while the entire place is sanitised for better performance.



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Executive, legislative romance on budget 2020



Executive, legislative romance on budget 2020

President Muhammadu Buhari, last week, presented the 2020 Appropriation Bill to the joint session of the National Assembly. The proposal, which is in the sum of N10.330 trillion, represents an 11 per cent increase when compared to the 2019 appropriation of N9.12 trillion. The proposal had a revenue projection of N8.155 trillion and a deficit of N2.18 trillion, which is 1.52 per cent of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP).

The key assumptions are the benchmark price of $57 per barrel of crude oil; daily oil production of 2.18 million barrels per day (mbpd) and an exchange rate of N305 to $1. The real GDP is expected to grow at 2.93 per cent, while inflation rate is projected at 10.81 per cent during the period covered by the proposal.

The budget was presented in accordance with the provisions of Section 81 of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 1999. As prescribed by the Fiscal Responsibility Act, the budget presentation was preceded by the passage of the Medium Term Expenditure Framework (MTEF) and Fiscal Strategy Paper (FSP) for 2020/2022 by the National Assembly. 

This is the fifth budget of the Buhari administration and the first in his second tenure.

We appreciate the apparent zeal of the administration to kick-start the budget process early in order to return to the January-December budget cycle. We have also observed the convivial atmosphere surrounding the process, which signals a new dawn in the relationship between the executive and legislative arms of the Federal Government in Nigeria. What used to be a cat and mouse game has become a steamy romance of two hitherto strange bedfellows.

In previous years, it was an open secret that the executive and the legislature were often at daggers drawn and both parties usually looked forward to budget presentation days with trepidation. We recall that throughout the life of the Eighth National Assembly, there was no love lost between the executive and the legislature because of the cracks that existed in the fold of the All Progressives Congress (APC), the ruling party. 

Today, both the executive and legislative have not only declared their willingness to work together, they have indeed displayed that spirit of collaboration given the speed at which the parliament commenced debates on the general principles of the money bill, preparatory to the defence of the specific allocations by the Heads of ministries, departments and agencies (MDAs) of the central government.

In order to avoid one of the pitfalls of the past where budget passage is delayed due to the absence of ministers, as well as heads of parastatals and agencies, President Buhari has directed the immediate suspension of international travels by all cabinet members and heads of government agencies so as to enable them to personally lead the process of budget defence at the National Assembly.

The suspension of such travels will enable these officials of the executive arm to provide the required information on the budget and ensure the timely passage of the 2020 Appropriation Bill. Furthermore, all ministries, departments and agencies (MDAs) have been directed to liaise with the relevant committees of the National Assembly for their schedules of budget defence.

For once in a long while, both the Presidency and the National Assembly are on the same page and vibrating at the same frequency.

However, we want to sound a note of warning to members of the National Assembly not to abdicate their constitutional responsibilities in the budget process. They must realise that by presenting the budget to them at a relatively early date, the ball is now in the court of the legislature. Already, economists, financial experts and even members of the National Assembly have expressed discomfort at some of the proposals for the various sectors. There is need for the parliament to deploy all the expertise available to it to ensure that the rough edges in the budget are smoothened.

Nigerians expect a speedy passage of the budget, but they also expect that the lawmakers would do due diligence on the document presented to them to avoid the lapses of the past years.

Successive budgets in Nigeria have been found to contain frivolous expenditure items, which some unknown bureaucrats usually insert into the document.

Some of these may include several durable items such as computers, photocopiers and other office furniture, which had been purchased the previous year. It might also come in the form of proposals for the purchase of kitchen utensils and cutleries or generators and cars, which were also purchased last year. 

These are grand seeds of corruption sown on a fertile ground. They would germinate and manifest as budget paddings as soon as the budget is passed and signed into law. The lawmakers must therefore endeavour to scrutinise the proposal before them thoroughly and with good conscience, knowing that they have a social contract with the people.

The budget is a serious document that points towards the direction the economy would take in the next one year. It is a fiscal compass that should guide us on reviving the economy, attracting investments, creating jobs and uplifting the standard of living of the average Nigeria. Unless this document achieves these basic goals, all the ceremonies surrounding it and the smooth relationship between the executive and the legislature would have been in vain and of no benefit to Nigerians.

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Fighting insurgents with prayer warriors



Fighting insurgents with prayer warriors


resident Muhammadu Buhari came into office in 2015 with a promise to among other things deal with insecurity across the country. At the time he came in, the country’s major problem was centred around the Boko Haram insurgents that ravaged the North-East and pockets of other vices such as kidnap for ransom, armed robbery and other similar ones.

Before the end of his first term in office, Buhari, his service chiefs and ministers were upbeat, thumping their chests that Boko Haram has been defeated or downgraded by the military. By their arguments, Boko Haram no longer held any territory in Borno State or anywhere in the North-East, where the insurgents had hoisted a flag and claimed ownership to some local governments pre-2015 elections.

But in the last couple of weeks, certain developments in the polity now seem to question the validity of the government’s claim.

First, at the House of Representatives, Hon. Ahmadu Jaha, representing Chibok/Damboa/Gwoza Federal Constituency of Borno State, told a stunned House that the insurgents are still in control of eight out of the 10 local government areas in Borno North Senatorial District.



Jaha said that a number of communities in Borno State and other parts of the North-East were still under the occupation of Boko Haram.

Another incident that is as worrying as Jaha’s claims is the revelation that Borno Governor, Prof. Babagana Zulum, entered into an arrangement with 30 residents of Makkah in Saudi Arabia, who will on permanent basis, offer daily ‘Dawaf’ (circumambulation of the holy Ka’aba). The prayer warriors are to offer prayers for the return and sustenance of peace in Borno State and the rest of Nigeria.

The state government stated that the 30 persons, all Nigerians from Borno, Katsina, Zamfara, Kano and parts of the North-West, “have for tens of years devoted themselves to spending hours at the Ka’aba every day for the purpose of worship.”



The state government added that the move was part of the multi-dimensional approach towards defeating the insurgents. Other approaches included support for the Nigerian Armed Forces, aggressive mass recruitment and equipping of more counter-insurgency volunteers into the Civilian JTF, hunters and vigilantes, among others. It is instructive that the governor went personally to meet the prayer warriors in Saudi Arabia for that purpose.

But if those were not enough reasons to be alarmed, the Chief of Army Staff (COAS), Lt.-Gen. Tukur Buratai, added another horrifying dimension to the already depressing situation when he organised a seminar on spiritual warfare against insurgents in Abuja recently.

Although, he was more concerned with the re-orientation of youths in the crisis areas toward neutralizing the ideologies of the insurgents, the tag of spiritual warfare raised curiosity on the subject of the seminar. We find it absurd that the COAS, after five years in office, having battled the insurgents and claimed victory, is now resorting to spiritual warfare in overpowering them.    

Speaking at the seminar tagged, “Countering Insurgency and Violent Extremism in Nigeria through Spiritual Warfare”, Buratai charged the Service’s clerics across formations, to take up the gauntlet in that regard.

He said: “It is easier to defeat Boko Haram and ISWAP terrorists than their ideology because, while we degrade the terrorists and their havens, the narrative of the ideology grows the group.”

We are worried that the people saddled with the task of defeating the insurgents are rather capitulating, bringing extraneous theories to the fight against insurgents.

We have also seen that governors of some northern states have engaged in dialogue with bandits in their communities, with a view to resolving the matters amicably.

We are worried that the government seem to have run short of ideas and is now accepting any offer that run contrary to engagements with the bandits and insurgents.

Rather than treat the matter as criminal as it deserves, our government and even the armed forces are resorting to soft measures to deal with brutes, who have no room for such pampering.

Of course, it is an open secret that the bandits and insurgents cannot be trusted as witnessed in Niger State last week.

In Shiroro Local Government Area of Niger State, fresh attacks by bandits left about one 1,200 residents homeless.

The Niger State Governor, Abubakar Sani Bello, had few weeks ago pardoned and released about 30 bandits, who have been terrorising parts of the state. He had signed a peace agreement with the bandits. They reneged.

We are totally displeased with the resort to mundane approach in the fight against the insurgents. We wonder why spiritual warfare, use of prayer warriors and even negotiation with bandits have become important at this point when the government had claimed victory over the insurgents.

We see the new approaches as a surrender by the government to the stubbornness of the insurgents.

We are of the view that government cannot abandon its core responsibility of rooting out the bandits and insurgents on alters of spiritual warfare or engagement of clerics to pray against Boko Haram. It is cowardly and has no place in modern warfare. We suggest that the government should see the fight as one that must be won through the military, whom we have spent billions of Dollars in equipping. Anything short of that is an undeserving injustice to Nigerians.

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The land border impasse



The land border impasse

When everyone thought the end was near, the Comptroller General of Customs, Col. Hameed Ali (rtd), dashed the hope of many Nigerians recently when he reemphasised that opening Nigerian borders soon would not be possible.


This is despite the obvious pains the closure had cost Nigerians, especially business owners, who ply their trade using land borders. The main reason he gave while chatting with a group of freight forwarders bordered on the wave of smuggling and insecurity in the country.


The decision of government is in the right direction as it is long overdue. Considering frequent reports in the past of those claiming to be businessmen and women using the ‘freeway’ to smuggle arms and ammunition, rice, as well as hard drugs into the country, the import of the recent security upscaling is nothing but positive. While it remains a good decision, it is, however, disturbing that such sensitive and strategic steps are always taken without taking genuine stakeholders into confidence. As usual, the Federal Government triggered panic across the country, and even beyond with the way it suddenly ordered tighter security measures across all the land borders.


The initial impression that it was an outright closure was immediately dispelled by the Nigeria Customs Service (NSC).


This on its own is commendable considering the economic importance of some of the borders, even though they have also been used by criminal elements a number of times to intensify their underworld engagements. Although there are borders in every part of the country, the Nigeria–Benin Republic border at Seme is about the busiest and most popular arena for legitimate and non-legitimate business transactions in and out of both countries.


The closest to this is the neighbouring Idiroko border, which also connects to Benin Republic from the Ogun State axis. As important as the borders are to both countries, it is, however, on record that while Nigeria can hold its breath and survive for long with the restrictions, the same cannot be said of Benin, whose over 60 per cent of revenue generation depend mostly on activities around the border, until may be recently when the Federal Government of Nigeria trimmed it by banning importation of vehicles and rice through land borders. For record purpose, this is not the first time the Nigerian government would be closing some of its borders.


It had done so in the past the moment it was perceived that criminals were taking advantage of the free movement to perpetrate crime. Nigeria is bordered to the North by the Republics of Niger and Chad. It shares borders to the West with the Republic of Benin, while the Republic of Cameroon shares the eastern borders right down to the shores of the Atlantic Ocean which forms the southern limits of Nigerian territory. The about 800km of coastline confers on the country the potentials of a maritime power.


Today, the build-up of insecurity in the northern part of the country has been largely made possible by the near free passage enjoyed by citizens of countries like Niger and Chad Republics.


As important as it is to stem the rising tide of banditry by beefing up security at the borders, government’s failure in terms of engagement with stakeholders and genuine investors using the routes became evident just last week when it was reported that over 500 trucks laden with perishable items are currently held down at the border waiting for clearance that may not come soon.


Another faulty step to the situation is that of young Nigerians currently schooling in neighbouring countries. It was something sad not too long ago as they had to bribe and still go through bush paths before they could access their way into Benin Republic.


Unfortunately, and very disheartening as well is that our own end of security personnel positioned there are already becoming overzealous to the extent that Nigerians who were in Benin Republic before the restriction said they were subjected to all manner of humiliation either before being allowed to cross or were not allowed at all.


The situation also reflects some elements of surprise in the sense that the restriction order or security beef up as the case may be came just a few months after President Muhammadu Buhari and his Beninoise counterpart, Patrice Talon, unveiled a state-of-the-art complex built by both countries to ensure close monitoring of movements in and out of both countries. The question here is if the multimillion naira complex is not enough to guarantee the decorum and security needed around there, so why invest so much only to turn around to make life difficult for all.


Why we appreciate government resolve to put an end to widespread insecurity across the country, we, however, believe certain measures could be taken without necessarily disrupting a whole system like what has been done to genuine investors in and around some of these border locations. We also advise that the Federal Government, by now, should invest in high tech equipment to monitor the border instead of relying on manual policing by security agents.

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Criminalising electricity estimated billing



Criminalising electricity estimated billing

For decades, Nigerians have been under a heavy yoke brought upon them by the inefficiency and epileptic power supply to homes, offices, schools, markets and manufacturing concerns.

The defunct National Electric Power Authority (NEPA) and its successor company, Power Holding Company of Nigeria (PHCN), were notorious for their poor service delivery. Their trademark was power outage and estimated billings due to the absence of a proper metering system.

Like a typical monopoly, NEPA operated with so much arrogance and disdain towards its customers. Its officials never bothered about the feelings of the public because they felt Nigerians had no choice.

Then came the Power Sector Reform Act, which saw the unbundling of the sector and the privatisation of electricity generating companies (GenCos) as well as the electricity distribution dompanies (DisCos), presumably to put things right.

Years after the privatisation of these firms, it has become obvious that nothing has changed. The services of these private firms have remained poor and bills have even become crazier.

It is in this light that the recent effort by the House of Representatives to criminalise the estimated billing system operated by the electricity distribution companies has become imperative. A bill to amend the Electricity Power Sector Reform Act 2005 to prohibit and criminalise estimated billing by electricity distribution companies, as well as provide for compulsory installation of pre-paid meters to consumers, is currently under consideration at the lower chamber of the National Assembly. The bill was first introduced in the Eighth Assembly and passed, but was not assented to before that legislative session elapsed.

Speaker of the House of Representatives, Rt. Hon. Femi Gbajabiamila, who led a debate on the bill, described the estimated billing system operated by the electricity distribution companies as the biggest fraud ever in Nigeria.

Gbajabiamila argued that the estimated billing system is not supported by any scientific or arithmetic calculation, but was borne out of arbitrary allocation of figures.

We cannot agree less with him because how else would a customer be billed for a period in which there was no power supply to his home. It is doubtful if there is any other country in the world where citizens would be paying bills for electricity not delivered to them. It is akin to paying for light while living in darkness. This is sheer fraud and must stop.

There have been several attempts to get the DisCos to install pre-paid meters for electricity consumers, but sadly these efforts have been largely frustrated by operators in the power sector.

First was the excuse that meters were not produced locally and have to be imported at a huge cost. The DisCos made sure that the cost of procuring these meters was borne by electricity consumers and even, at that, they created an artificial scarcity around it.

Even when the World Bank came to the rescue, the DisCos created meter rackets, run by some unscrupulous officials whose goal was to rip poor customers off. The general experience is that the DisCos are usually not interested in installing these pre-paid meters because they prefer the arbitrary billing system, which enables them get huge sums of money for electricity not supplied. 

We recall that there have been several protests by consumers of electricity across Nigeria over the vexed issue of estimated billing. Some of these protests have largely been peaceful, while many degenerated into violence. As it stands now, the marketers who work with these DisCos and whose responsibility it is to share estimated bills every month are at great risk.

We insist that instituting an appropriate modern metering system should be compulsory and the DisCos, who ultimately would claim the equipment, should bear the cost. 

Nigerians are running out of patience over this issue and it is only a matter of time before the clashes between the agents of the electricity distribution companies and their embattled clients would begin to record fatalities. 

We urge the House of Representatives to expedite action on the legislation criminalising the estimated billing system.

It is also our hope that the Senate would follow in the footsteps of the lower chamber, just as we urge President Muhammadu Buhari not to withhold his assent from this bill this time. 

We are convinced that abolishing the fraudulent billing system and prescribing appropriate sanctions for defaulters would compel the DisCos to be alive to their responsibilities. When they are aware that they can only collect revenues on the exact power they supply to their customers, they would be more willing to invest, not only on procuring and installing pre-paid meters, but would also work hard to improve on electricity supply.

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