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Experts blame Eco System for infectious diseases



The unending distruption of the Eco system is the major cause of Emerging Infectious Diseases (EID) in Africa, experts said in Abuja recently at the 5th African Conference on Emerging Infectious Diseases and Biosecurity.

The conference was organised by Global  Emerging Parthogens Treatment Consortium (GET).

The experts added that inadequate funding of health care research and environmental impact studies coupled with the inability of government to regulate utilisation of environmental resources accounted for increased outbreak of diseases traceable to dangerous pathogens

The Principal Investigatior (GET), Professor Akin Abayomi noted that Nigeria has been destroying the Eco system through felling of forests causing animals  to move out of the forest into human communities.

He noted that interaction between animals  and humans was increasing due to population growth and destruction of the eco system thereby forcing animals out of forests.

He added that the frequency and range of EID such as Ebola, fever , Yellow fever, Monkey Pox, Cholera, Bird Flu, and Menigitis is due to shrinking natural resources particularly human competition for water, which was leading to demographic conflicts.

The don  advocated increased government expenditure on health care delivery research and creation of awareness while lamenting that there was a lag between what government should be spending and what was actually spent.

The Chief operating officer , GET, Dr. Dotun Bobadoye, commented on climate change and increasing security challenges in Africa as they were affecting emerging infectious diseases and biosecurity threat on the continent.

He disclosed that the aim of the conference was to come out with ways of addressing climate change and its impact on security and Emerging Infectious Diseases in Africa. Bobadoye added that the communique from the conference will be sent to relevant government agencies so as to develop policies to solve current problems.

The Director General of the Nigerian Center For Disease Control (NCDC), Professor ChiKe Ihekweasu said that the country’s exponential growth rate of 2.8 per cent, internal and external migration and inadequate educational policies were all responsible for the increase in spread of infectious diseases.

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Doctors revive woman after six-hour cardiac arrest



Doctors revive woman after six-hour cardiac arrest

Doctors in Barcelona have managed to revive a British woman who had a six-hour cardiac arrest after developing hypothermia while hiking in the Catalan Pyrenees in freezing weather last month.
Audrey Mash said she was surprised at the attention her case had attracted and said it had not put her off hiking. “I feel like a fraud for not being back at work. I’m hoping to go back before the end of next week,” she said on Thursday.
She and her husband, Rohan Schoeman – who live in Barcelona – set out from Coma de Vaca to Núria on the morning of November 3, reports the Guardian.
Around lunchtime, after the temperature dropped and it began to snow, Schoeman noticed that his wife was speaking oddly and becoming incoherent.
Shortly afterwards, she stopped moving and fell unconscious. He rang friends, who helped firefighters and rescuers locate them and launch a helicopter rescue operation. But bad weather delayed the rescue and by the time they reached the pair, it was 3.30pm.
“Our first assessment suggested that Audrey was in a bad way,” said one of the rescuers, Pere Serral. “We couldn’t find any vital signs and we did what we could using pre-hospital techniques.”
By that point, Mash had severe hypothermia and her body temperature had fallen to just 18C; normal body temperature is 37C. She was then taken by helicopter to the Vall d’Hebron hospital in Barcelona, which has an extracorporeal membrane oxygenation machine (Ecmo).
When connected to a patient, the Ecmo takes over the functioning of the heart and lungs, oxygenating the blood outside the body then reintroducing it, allowing both organs to rest.
The Ecmo had never been used in Spain for a resuscitation procedure. But by 9.45pm, Mash’s body temperature had risen to 30C and the doctors tried again to revive her, using a defibrillator.
Dr Eduardo Argudo said doctors at the hospital had decided to use the machine “to win some time so that her brain could receive oxygen while we treated the cause of the cardiac arrest”.
He added: “Although hypothermia was about to kill Audrey, it also saved her because her body – and above all her brain – didn’t get any worse. If she’d been in cardiac arrest for that long with a normal body temperature, we’d have been certifying her death. But we knew that the severe hypothermia meant that we had a shot at saving her thanks to the Ecmo.”
Argudo said that while hers was the longest instance of cardiac arrest survival documented in Spain, similar cases had occurred in the Alps and in Scandinavia.
Mash, who is 34, spent six days in the intensive care unit, where doctors monitored her for signs of neurological damage.
“I’m good but a little surprised by all the attention it’s got today – it must be a slow news week,” she told the Guardian on Thursday evening.
“I recovered much faster than I, or I think the doctors, expected. I was out of intensive care after six days and out of hospital six days after that. The doctors have since told me that they expected me to be in intensive care for closer to a month.”
Mash, an English teacher who has lived in Barcelona for more than two years, said she was getting back to normal and that the ordeal had not put her off hiking.
“I think my husband is a little more dubious about it than me – he has to live with the memories,” she said.
“I woke up when it was all over. I don’t think we’ll be out in any high mountain this winter. But I do hope that next spring or summer we’ll be able to go back and do some long walking and feel confident in it. I don’t want it to take away from my enjoyment of the mountains.”

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HIV prevalence dips, challenges remain



HIV prevalence dips, challenges remain

The estimated number of people that have HIV in Nigeria reduced from 3.5 million in 2005 to 1.9 million in 2018. In spite of the low  prevalence, experts and international agencies said special focus  on paediatric HIV would reduce new infections and prevent deaths among those living with the virus. APPOLONIA ADEYEMI reports



As far back as March, 2019, the outcome of the Nigeria National HIV/AIDS indicator and Impact Survey (NAIIS) had given Nigeria a pass mark in the fight to reduce the prevalence of HIV/AIDS in the country. The findings of that survey showed that Nigeria was making good strides in the efforts to achieve zero-HIV in its environment.

Speaking recently on the development, the Director General of the National Agency for the Control of AIDs (NACA), Dr. Aliyu Gambo said, “We will say the situation is good at the moment.  We never knew that in the last 15 years we have done so well in terms of fighting HIV in Nigeria until 2018 when we did the NAIIS survey. 

According to the survey, the prevalence of HIV reduced from 4.4 per cent to 1.4 per cent.

It was 4.4 per cent in 2005 and 2018 it was 1.4 per cent. Consequently, the estimated number of people we think have HIV in Nigeria reduced from 3.5 million in 2005 to 1.9 million in 2018.  So 1.4 prevalence in 2018 and 1.9 million as the estimated number of people living with HIV in the country is good, said the director general of NACA.

Against this backdrop, however, one of the challenges still facing HIV/AIDS fight in the country is the impact of this epidemic on children. A recent report released by UNICEF in advance to mark the 2019 World AIDS Day revealed that in Nigeria, more than 47 children and adolescents died every day from AIDS-related causes in 2018. That findings was based on the outcome of a global snapshot on children.

Low access to antiretroviral treatment and limited prevention efforts were the leading causes for these deaths, with only 54 per cent of children aged 0-14 living with HIV globally in 2018 – or 790,000 children – receiving lifesaving antiretroviral therapy (ART).

Country Representative of UNICEF in Nigeria, Peter Hawkins said, “Progress has been made in the battle against HIV and AIDS – but we must do more, especially when it comes to Nigerian children and adolescents.”

“Testing and treating for children and adolescents is a matter of life and death – and we must choose life.”

According to latest global data, regional disparities in access to treatment among children living with HIV is very high – with West and Central Africa including Nigeria faring worst.

Access is highest in South Asia, at 91 per cent, followed by the Middle East and North Africa (73 per cent), Eastern and Southern Africa (61 per cent), East Asia and the Pacific (61 per cent), Latin America and the Caribbean (46 per cent) and West and Central Africa (28 per cent).   

However, access to treatment by children living with HIV in Nigeria is only 35 per cent.

Mothers’ access to antiretroviral therapy to prevent the transmission of the virus to their babies has increased globally, however, reaching 82 per cent, up from 44 per cent less than 10 years ago. This figure in Nigeria is 44 per cent, up from 22 per cent in 2009.

“It is good news that more and more pregnant women are receiving antiretroviral treatment to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV, which has helped avert about two million new HIV infections and prevented the deaths of over one million children under five years old around the world,” said Peter Hawkins.

Speaking further on efforts to avert new HIV infections in children, Hawkins said, “But we need to see the same kind of progress in ensuring that children who already have the virus are receiving lifesaving treatment. HIV programmes need to be fully funded and equipped to preserve, protect and improve the quality of life for Nigerian children. We cannot and must not abandon these children.”

A Professor of Heamatology and Blood Transfusion and Head, Antiretroviral Services at the Lagos University Teaching Hospital (LUTH), Suleiman Akanmu said most of the services on the Prevention of HIV from Mother-to-Child were domiciled in teaching/tertiary hospitals in Nigeria, hence, they are not accessible to numerous women in rural far-to-reach locations. He therefore called for the expansion of services to grassroots areas with a view to capture more pregnant women in those outposts so as to prevent the transmission of HIV to their newborn.

Additional data from the report include:

To end HIV/AIDS as a public health threat for future generations, UNICEF therefore called on governments and partners to improve HIV testing and treatment data for children and adolescents to better respond to the needs of this vulnerable population.

Similarly, the world body urged governments to invest in and implement effective and innovative interventions to urgently close the persistent testing and treatment gap for children and adolescents living with HIV.

Paediatric HIV is not the only area that pose challenge in the fight to cut HIV prevalence in the country. Even among adults, patients who step forward to carry out voluntary HIV tests are in the minority in Nigeria. Although, as awareness on HIV increases, more Nigerians test to know their status, several proportion of the population, especially in the grassroots, are still not captured.

Common reasons that deter people from getting tested for HIV are:

Fear and anxiety of testing positive for HIV

Fear and anxiety are probably the biggest reasons why people avoid getting tested. However, experts said it was far better to get the testing over and done with.

If it is negative, it will bring much relief. If the result is unfortunately positive, it is timely to get support and treatment in order to stay healthy.

If I test positive for HIV, people will find out

Medical clinics and testing centres endeavour to keep all patient records strictly confidential. However, the ministry of health would be notified. This is mainly for public health purposes, such as disease surveillance, monitoring the HIV infection situation, conducting contact tracing, and assessing disease prevention and management measures.

Healthcare professionals and the ministry do not inform the patient’s employer, insurance provider, or family and loved ones.

Fear of being judged or being embarrassed

Healthcare professionals are trained to provide professional and non-judgmental consultation.

If you do not wish to visit your regular doctor, search online as there are plenty of alternative options that you can consider.

It is important to find a sexual health clinic or testing centre that you feel comfortable with.

I trust my partner

If two HIV-negative people are in a monogamous relationship, then there is no risk of contracting HIV.

If one member strays from the relationship, then both parties could be at risk of HIV, especially if engaging in unprotected sex.

It is important to have open and honest communication with your partner.

If you or your partner has had sex with any casual partner, or if there is any doubt about your HIV status, get tested.

I am not at risk of HIV

Even if you think that there is no chance that you have been exposed to HIV, as long as you are sexually active, do get HIV testing at least once a year, or more frequently if your behaviour puts you at higher risk.

Who should test

On who should test for HIV, the US Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommended that everyone between the ages of 13 to 64 should undergo HIV testing at least once as part of routine healthcare.

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Myths, poverty hinder treatment for mental illness –Peter



Myths, poverty hinder treatment for mental illness –Peter

Dr. Ogunnubi Peter is a consultant psychiatrist and chief executive officer (CEO) of Grace Cottage Mental Health Clinic in Ilupeju, Lagos.  Peter, who is also a World Health Organisation (WHO)-certified mental health advocate, fielded questions from journalists recently during the 2019 World Mental Health Day, when he highlighted some of the challenges of tackling mental illness in the country. APPOLONIA ADEYEMI reports



Stigma is a major problem in tackling mental health disorders. How do we change the narrative?

The truth is because mental illness has a very rich history in the sense that it has come of age. People over the past years have attributed the causal factors of mental illness to many things, especially evil spirits. So, because of that mentality it is still enshrined in people and also in the perception of people whenever they see anyone presumed to have mental illness.

Hence, when I talk of mental illness, the picture that comes to mind is that is that of a man on the road wearing tattered clothes, eating from the dustbin, laughing and talking to himself or herself; that is to them madness, craziness and mental illness. Because of that perception, people fail to realise that gambling, phobia, depression, anxiety, sexual and Internet addiction, among others also constitute mental illness.

Similarly, some who fear about coming out of their house, feeling that people want to harm them, those hearing voices don’t know that they also suffer mental illness. They tell themselves: ‘’Nothing is wrong with me; it is only the mad man on the road that has mental illness”.

However, we are now changing the narrative; that is why the topic is ‘Raising Awareness for Mental Health and Suicide Prevention’. So, people need to understand that mental illness is not that ‘mad’ man on the road. Although, the stigma is there, the more we educate people, the more we let people know that you don’t have to be stark naked on the road before you suffer mental illness.

The cost of treating mental health disorders is still high side. What should be done to make it affordable?

Just like the treatment of HIV, anywhere in the world the treatment of mental illness because it is a chronic condition that is not like malaria which will go within three days; hence,  you need more money for its treatment. In fact, under the National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS), some health insurance companies refused to include mental illness as part of their coverage; so, individuals have to pay out-of-pocket and that is unfortunate.

Today, people will tell you that if they have HIV, they will go to the Nigerian Institute of Medical Research (NIMR) and the Lagos University Teaching Hospital (LUTH) and get free medications, but when people come down with depression, anxiety, phobia, inability to sleep, to get the money to buy drugs they have to pay out-of-pocket. It is very pathetic.

However, are the few federal institutions in our setting equipped to provide subsidised medications? The answer is no. So, you have people resorting to private care. When people who cannot afford to treat the illness realise that they have the illness, what you will see them say is: “Jesus will heal me; Allah will heal me.” They go to churches, mosques, traditional medicine practitioners and herbalists. It’s not that they don’t know that they should go for orthodox care, but when they don’t have money they begin to psyche themselves and say, ‘’God will heal me.” So, Federal Government, states and local governments should all come to the aid of those suffering mental illness.

Is there a cure for mental illness?

The truth is that there are myths around mental illness. People believe that once you are mentally ill, you are ill for ever; it’s a myth. The same way you take care of hypertension, arthritis and diabetes so also you take care of mental illness. Don’t let us forget that diabetes is affecting pancreas, hypertension is affecting the heart, asthma is affecting the lungs and all these are organs in the body. The same way arthritis will affect the bones. Mental illness is affecting the brain. Where is the brain which is inside the skull is also an organ, but when people have problem with the heart, liver, kidney, lungs, they either go to, cardiologist, nephrologist, orthopaedic surgeon, rheumatologist, among others, but when they have problem with mental illness,  they run to churches, mosques  and traditional healers. It is abysmall; it is abnormal.

It is important to know that mental illness is a problem of the brain. The same way you manage other medical conditions in the body, you can also manage mental illness. Those treated for mental illness are okay and doing well in society.

What are the symptoms of mental illness?

If anybody has malaria the likelihood is that he is going to have fever; some will have headache. Some will talk about pains in the joints. Then the persons goes to the hospital, does a test and it will show malaria parasite.

Now, when people have mental illness, what is the function of the brain? The function of the brain will make you know if there is a problem with that brain. I am using glasses now because glasses are for vision but because I cannot see too far I need glasses to correct the vision error.

If my brain is for thinking and for perceiving things rightly; it is for memory: to remember things, for judgment, let us now assume that organ is affected. When I see a man, I can think he is a woman. When I see a man I can think he is a goat. That brain is for judgment. When I go out, I may just be eating on the main-road. Why? My judgment to say I am Dr. Peter is already affected. Why? The organ of serving that function is already affect or impaired.

When everybody is happy and I am sad and I keep to myself; I am not talking to people. People begin to wonder. “What is wrong, come on, be a man”. But they don’t tell the one that has malaria and presenting with fever to be a man. They will be telling you that have problem with the brain to be a man. Do you tell a man that has fever not to shiver?. You now understand the explanation. That is why we are changing the narrative.

Some people that have mental illness kee to themselves, not a able to sleep and have anxiety. Some have asthma and panic attack as if they want to die. Some will feel as if their breath wants to seize; they will be shaking and palpitating. These are signs of mental illness. Some will go to the extent of hearing voices. Some will see things that others can’t see, which is abnormal perception. Mental illness is not arrow from the village. It is problem with an organ called the brain that is inside the skull.

Is Nigeria in line with the WHO doctor-patient ratio in tackling mental illness?

We have less than 300 psychiatrists in Nigeria; practicing, may be 200 to 250 in a population of 200 million. So, we have an average of one psychiatrist to one million patients and the WHO talks about one doctor to 6,000. The doctors are evenly distributed. They are concentrated in the cities: Lagos, Abuja, Jos, etc. So, what happens to people in rural northern regions and in other parts of the country. In terms of the WHO recommended ratio, we are far behind.

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Medical Guild tasks LASG over shortage of doctors



Medical Guild tasks LASG over shortage of doctors

Doctors under the auspices of Medical Guild have raised the alarm over the acute shortage of doctors in Lagos State health system and called on the government to address severe shortages of personnel through the replacement of staff that have exited the system.

The Chairman of Medical Guild, Dr. Babajide Saheed who raised the alarm disclosed that about 200 to 250 medical doctors left exited health service in the state in 2018, saying the situation had resulted in the delivery of poor health service to Lagosians while doctors succumb to excessive stress, stroke and hypertension.

According to him, generally a doctor in Lagos State at the  general out-patients (GOP) see between 100 to 120 patients daily while one under specialised clinics which is supposed to see around 10 patients, sees between 50 to 70 patients. “Now we can understand why Lagosians are not getting the best of healthcare,” Saheed added.

He said these at a press conference where he announced activities for this year’s annual general meeting of the Medical Guild, which is an association of doctors under the employment of the Lagos State Government.

He said, “We need about 1,000 doctors to be employed for exit replacement. If the government cannot do this in a lump sum, it should do it in phases. The first 25 per cent should be done by the end of this year, 2019.

“The second 25 per cent should be done by January next year, 2020, while the remaining 50 per cent should be done in the first quarter of next year.”

“If nothing is done about this acute shortage of doctors, the Medical Guild will convey a meeting  next year and members will decide on what to do.”

Similarly, he called for improvement in welfare of doctors, saying it would go a long way in stemming the current brain drain in the health system. “Incentives such as housing loans and car loans would help boost morale.

In addition, he called for exemption of call duty from taxation to lighten tax burden and the increase of doctors’ retirement age to 65 years as has been done for teachers.”

While rejecting the new minimum wage by the Lagos State Government, Saheed  lamented that the Medical Guild was not part of the negotiation that produced the new wage regiment.

Harping on the need for exit replacement, Dr. Saliu Osen, an ex-officio of the Medical Guild lamented that as more doctors exited the health system in the state, “there is need to replace those that have left; we are having more facilities built and we have increasing number of population.

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‘Local manufacturer of medicines’ll boost drug security’



‘Local manufacturer of medicines’ll boost drug security’

The recent Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) between Sanofi Nigeria and May & Baker Nigeria Plc, for the manufacture of four medications from the stable of Sanofi, has been commended by the National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control (NAFDAC).

The Director General of NAFDAC, Prof. Mojisola Adeyeye, who lauded the move as a development that would boost drug security in Nigeria, said it was in line with the African Union (AU) plan for Africa to manufacture and produce medicines for Africa.

Going by the agreement, the four medications for infections, diabetes and ante-malaria that were hitherto imported and marketed in Nigeria by Sanofi would be manufactured locally at the May & Baker Pharmacentre in Otta, Ogun State.

The Pharmacentre, which was commissioned in 2011 was certified for Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP)  by the World Health Organisation (WHO)  in 2014.

Adeyeye who was represented by Dr. Monica Eimunjeze, NAFDAC’s director of Registration & Regulatory Affairs Directorate, spoke at the signing ceremony in Lagos recently.

The General Manager Rx & Country Chair, Sanofi Nigeria-Ghana, Folake Odediran said the formal signing of the manufacturing agreement was proof of Sanofi’s commitment to localisation.  “We will continue to contribute our quota towards availability of very efficacious, high-quality made in Nigeria medicines.”

According to Odediran, most of the products Sanofi promotes and markets in Nigeira were imported, but now “we are  taking a bold step to produce some of them locally. It will bring empowerment, expand business, increase access to needed medicines, and more importantly ensure availability of quality products.

It would also enhance the employment of Nigerians, she added.

Odediran said the choice of May & Baker was based on its rich history of producing high quality medicines in Nigeria, which follows rigorous due-diligence exercise and successful compliance outcomes.

On his part, Managing Director/CEO, May & Baker Nigeria Plc, Nnamdi Okafor said Sanofi and May & Baker had symbiotic business relationship.

“The signing agreement represented a   major achievement in the national quest to increase local content and capacity in the pharmaceutical sector.”

According to him, the local manufacture of Sanofi’s medicines would result in the transfer of technology and build capacity.

President of the Pharmaceutical Society of Nigeria (PSN), Mazi Sam Ohuabunwa urged companies that manufacture medicines locally to raise the bar and ensure that quality products were on the table.

While calling for the overhaul of the drug regulatory system, Ohuabunwa urged the Federal Government to review the Pharmacy Act, which was awaiting legislation, adding that it was not robust enough.

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Mount Davis provides free medical services for Osun community



Mount Davis provides free medical services for Osun community

As parts of the annual medical programme in Faculty of Clinical Sciences, College Of  Health Sciences at the Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife, Osun State, the management of Mount Davis Hospital, Ada is  inviting members of the public in Ada and the neighbouring towns for free medical services.

According to a statement by the company, the free medical services would  be given by expert consultants and doctors from Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex(OAUTHC) as from this Thursday by 8a.m. at Mount Davis Hospital, Ibokun Road Ada,Osun  State

The nature and scope of the exercise, the statement said covered medical diagnosis, pregnancy, surgeries such as hernia, fibroid, breast lump, lipoma, eye problems, adding that all medications would also be free.

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Firm cautions on stigma prevention



Firm cautions on stigma prevention

In commemoration of this year’s World AIDs Day, the management of Flour Mills Nigeria (FMN) Plc has cautioned its staff about their lifestyles, discrimination and stigmatisation at the workplace in anticipation of supporting victims with HIV if the need arises.

Group Managing Director, FMN, Paul Miyonmide Gbededo made this appeal when the company marked 2019 World AIDs Day in Lagos, where he implored workers in the organisation to know their HIV status considering the current state of the epidemic – AIDS in the country.

In his address, Gbededo explained that the awareness about the scourge of HIV/AIDS in the environment was very germane and critical, saying that the world has committed to end the AIDs epidemic by 2030 as part of the sustainable development goals (SDGs), with Nigeria ready to play key role towards achieving this laudable objective.

According to him, at the FMN, the management was encouraging workers on the importance of collaboration across the various departments and businesses in line with its PIILOT core values.

He said, “If we must achieve our collective objective as a family in FMN, we must recognise the importance of collaboration across our various departments and businesses. Going by PIILOT – our core values, we are constantly reminded of the importance of values like ownership and teamwork.

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Antibiotic benefits of onions



Antibiotic benefits of onions

Onion is among the most common vegetables around. It is available in every home all year round. Have you ever heard of a shortage of onions? And because our women can hardly cook without using onion, we take it for granted. It is time we overcome the sickness called ignorance. Blessed are you among other vegetables, Onion! The onion that is ever available. You that can make both men and women cry. Any wonder then that hired mourners use you to induce tears? Some house wives confided in me (please keep this to yourself o!) that whenever they needed a favour from their husbands; they would peel the onion to induce tears to win the sympathy of their husbands! Onion is a common name for many plants of the genus allium of the lily family:

The true onion is Allium cepa, wild onion is allium vineate, the leek is allium ampeloprasum, Garlic is Allium sativum. Onions were originally grown in Iran and the Middle-East before they now spread to other parts of the world, especially the tropics. Onion is made up of 60 per cent aflylpropyl disulphide, a volatile oil called sulphured glycosides.

Onion also contains the following enzymes: sulphur, iron, potassium, magnesium, fluorine, calcium, manganese and phosphorus. It also contains vitamins A, B, C and E, flanovoids (anti-cancer) and gly-coquinine (anti-diabetic). Onion is regarded as a versatile vegetable because it can be eaten in many ways: raw, grated, boiled or pickled. It is used as flavouring or seasoning. The characteristic pungent taste of onion is due to the presence of the volatile oil, sulphurous.

Many uses of onion anti-biotics

  Onion is one of the potent natural anti-biotics. It strengthens the immune system, thus helping to ward off common infections. For over nine years I have been recommending onion for many sick people, and the results have been positive. Simply chew a bulb of raw onion every night. It’s as simple as that. As a starter, you may take half a bulb instead of one bulb and gradually increase it to one bulb. Science has confirmed that Onion works powerfully against the following bacteria:

1.     Escherichia Coli, which causes intestinal dysbacteriosis and urinary infections.

2.  Salmonella Typhi, which causes typhoid fever.

3. Shigella Dysenteriae, which causes bacillus dysentery.

4.  Staphylococcus & Streptococcus, which cause inflammation of the genital organs, damaged sperm cells, and skin infections and blemishes.

Hypolipidemic: Onion has been proven to lower noxious cholesterol level in the blood. This is understandable when one considers the fact that Onion is rich in fibrinolytic substances that help to break up blood clots and to prevent coagulation. This makes Onion indispensable for many Nigerians who consume a lot of fat, palm oil and butter. Over-consumption of processed palm oil is partly responsible for cases of high cholesterol level in Nigerians today, thereby increasing the risk of heart problems. God has given us Onion as a remedy for this ailment.

Anti-diabetic: Combined with other herbs, Onion has proved useful for lowering blood sugar. This hypoglycemic or anti-diabetic property of Onion is due to the presence of glycoquinine. Those who are afraid of developing diabetes because their parents are diabetic should make friend with Onion, as it is a very good prevention against diabetes.

Anti-tumour: Onion strengthens the blood cells that protect the body against micro-organisms. If these cells are weak, the body becomes prone to viral infections, such as HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis (TB), pneumonia and cough. Onion also destroys cancerous cells in the body. In Nigeria, cases of cancer, especially of the breast, are increasing daily. I wish to suggest that our women should take onion as much as possible.

The onion will act as good prevention against cancer as well as help in dissolving cancerous tumours. The prevalence of fibroids, breast cancer and infertility among our women today is alarming. What do we do? Are we to fold our hands and watch our sons and daughters die in pain and desperation? Or are we to once again sit lazily and wait for western thinkers and scientists to help us find the solution? Is it not true that the best remedies for our health problems are those that come from our environment? The challenge before us is big indeed. I, therefore, encourage you, readers, to help spread the Gospel of Herbal medicine to our fellow brothers and sisters. We must continue to pray and reflect together and explore deeper ways of finding solutions to the problems of the world.

Other benefits of onion

Onion purifies and strengthens the liver and the kidney and as well as cleanses the blood. Onion is a good remedy for hepatitis, which is becoming common in Nigeria these days. Do you suffer from resistant typhoid fever, inability to sleep well, low sperm count? Try Onion and see the difference it makes! Onion has been of help to men who experience weak erection or low libido. On many occasions, I have recommended Onion to women who experience premature menopause, and anovulation (inability to ovulate) and the results have been encouraging. Indeed, God has arranged nature to take care of all our needs. In cases of sickle cell anaemia, onion has been of invaluable help. Onion is rich in enzymes, which helps in the production of blood. Onion contains iron and trace elements, which are often lacking in sicklers.

Insomnia/stress: In our so-called hyper-active world, it is not surprising that the most common complain of modern man and woman is stress. But it is not only human beings that are stressed; the plants are stressed. The animals are stressed. The cosmos itself is stressed.

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US birth rate falls for 4th year in a row



US birth rate falls for 4th year in a row

A final tally of babies born in the U.S. last year confirms that the birth rate fell again in 2018, reaching the lowest level in more than three decades.

The report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s National Center for Health Statistics finds there were 3,791,712 births registered in the U.S. in 2018, down 2 percent from 2017.

A closer look at the data suggests that Americans are not having enough babies to sustain the population, reports NBC News.

The total fertility rate for 2018 was 1,729.5 births per 1,000 women aged 15 to 44. (The fertility rate refers to how many children women have overall; birth rate refers to how many children women have in a single year.) But in order for the nation to reproduce its population and remain stable, the CDC says there would need to be 2,100 births per 1,000 women.

That means each woman needs to have at least two babies to replace fathers and mothers, as well as account for extra deaths.

The data also show that women are waiting longer to have children. Birth rates among women in their 20s and early 30s declined, but they started to increase slightly among women 35 to 44.

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Cholera outbreak: Death toll rises to five in Ogun



Cholera outbreak: Death toll rises to five in Ogun

*Govt begins fumigation of communities

The death toll over the outbreak of cholera in Abeokuta North Local Government Area of Ogun State has risen from four to five.

This came as the state government said on Friday that it has launched investigation into the disease outbreak and commenced the fumigation of affected communities to prevent further casualties.

The Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Health, Dr Adesanya Ayinde, who spoke at a press conference in Abeokuta, disclosed that 12 cases have already been recorded over the cholera outbreak.

New Telegraph learnt that the five deceased victims include a 33-year-old pregnant woman and a four-month-old baby.

Ayinde told reporters that one person died in the hospital and four others died in the affected communities, including Kuto, Kobiti, Abule Otun and Lafenwa areas of Abeokuta.

He said the State Epidemiology Unit had earlier received a report of laboratory confirmed case cholera from the Federal Medical Centre (FMC), Idi-Aba, Abeokuta and swung into action immediately.

The Permanent Secretary said the government had conducted active case search in all health facilities, pharmacy outlets and patent medicine vendors in the affected areas.

He explained that members of the communities have been sensitized on the ongoing outbreak and how to prevent transmission through hygiene and safe drinking water practice.

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