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Calibration aircraft: A stitch in time



Calibration aircraft: A stitch in time

Common sense seems to have prevailed with the acquisition of multi-million dollars calibration aircraft. WOLE SHADARE writes that Nigeria is saving so much for in-house navaids calibration and possible commercialisation



Safety is the number one priority for air transportation industry, which is the second largest industry sector in the world with regard to revenue after oil and gas.

Globally, governments and airport managers spend billions on safety, including on safety beacons (called navigational aids) that help pilots land safely. These systems are calibrated periodically from the air to ensure they work and comply with international regulations.

For many years, Nigeria through the agency responsible for airspace management contracted the calibration of its navigational aids to Agency for Aerial Navigation Safety in Africa and Madagascar (L’Agence pour la Sécurité de la Navigation aérienne en Afrique et à Madagascar, otherwise known as ASECNA.

However, Nigeria a few months ago, decided to acquire state of the art calibration aircraft of her own.

Not a few believed that the Beechcraft aircraft was acquired at the cost of $8.5 million. The Minister of Aviation, Hadi Sirika, disclosed that the agony of contracting it to South Africa at about $500,000 every six months was over.

He said, “Our airspace is safer. Thanks to Mr. President, we started and finished during your regime.”

Explaining the usefulness of the aircraft, Sirika said: “The purpose of this aircraft is to calibrate our equipment and aids in the country for the purpose of flight operations. We used to have one in Nigeria but for the last two decades, we never had one.”

He added that the procurement of the aircraft was based on the fact that when the Abuja airport runway was being constructed, there was the need recalibrate all the landing aids at the time.

According to him, “this is to ensure they are working in perfect order. The country has a lot to gain from the investment.”

ICAO requirement

Every contracting state to the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) is required in terms of the Convention on International Civil Aviation, commonly known as the Chicago Convention, and its Annexes, to ensure the safety of navigational aids at international airports.

Consequently, each contracting state is obliged to provide in its territory airports, radio services, meteorological services and other air navigation facilities to facilitate international air navigation, in accordance with the standards and recommended practices (SARPs) established from time to time pursuant to the convention.

The most relevant in this regard are Annexes 10 (Aeronautical Telecommunications) and Annex 14 (Aerodromes).

Standard 2.7 of Annex 10, Volume 1 requires that radio navigational aids of the types covered by the specifications in Chapter 3 of the Annex, example like instrument landing systems (ILS) and very high frequency omnidirectional range (VOR) and available for use by aircraft engaged in international air navigation shall be the subject of periodic ground and flight tests to ensure that they meet certain required specified standards. Annex 14 specifies requirements to be met by visual aids to navigation.

The realisation of the goal of safe, efficient and effective air navigation is highly reliant on the precision of the navigational aids in use. The function of flight calibration is essential to the safety of air navigation.

Capital flight

The newly acquired calibration aircraft has been estimated to save Nigeria at least N400 million yearly.

The aircraft, a Beechcraft Super King Air 350 (B350) for the calibration of navigational aids at airports nationwide, ends the era of hiring such plane every six months at the cost of about $500,000.

Instrument Landing System (ILS) that is calibrated twice a year-February and November. Instrument Landing System (ILS) must be calibrated every six months because of the level of accuracy required. The Very High Frequency (VHF) Omni-Directional Range (VOR) is calibrated once in a year, and the radar system is once every three years. If there is repair work on any of the navigational equipment, or total replacement, it has to be calibrated.

A source at the Nigerian Airspace Management Agency (NAMA) said the demand for calibration exercise was huge in Africa and Nigeria has just made an inroad into the supply end of the market.

“More so, that this is the first calibration aircraft owned by government of a West African country. There are other countries to calibrate for in Africa, with the marketing done properly. The aircraft cannot be lying fallow because of the commercial viability in the continent. The market extends to the rest of Africa because of the need,” the source said.

Expert’s view

Describing the essence of calibration, the Managing Director of NAMA, Capt. Fola Akinkuotu, told New Telegraph that they installed navigational aids that are supposed to guide pilots on airplanes to the centre of the runways in a manner they can land safely.

His words: “If the guidance is incorrect, it becomes unsafe and the requirements by the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) have laid down for us on a global scale how often we should calibrate, measure against standards.

“ILS are supposed to be calibrated every six months, VORs every twelve months  What we have been doing in recent past, is that we have been contracting either to ASECNA or other companies out of the country either in South Africa and paying them to provide the services.”

He explained that two ways to look at it is capital flight, lamenting that they are paying people to provide services for the country for what they can do themselves.

“On the other hand, we need to benefit from the technology by having our people becoming flight inspectors. We will also benefit by virtue of the fact that it is next door. So, if somebody complains that Lagos ILS is not functioning properly, we say no problem. With our ground engineers we call them to do a round check.

“After that, you can call the flight department to come and calibrate it. You can’t do that with ASECNA because their airplanes might outside doing other jobs. It is not that our airplanes cannot be doing other jobs, it will but at least within our beck and call. So, to that extent, we start to benefit from it tremendously and would save a lot of money,” he added.

Last line

The newly acquired aircraft If not commercialised, might be underutilised. There is plenty of work that could be done around here with it. In the whole of West Africa, Nigeria has a very robust aviation industry. It has almost 30 airports and each one of them has at least an aid.

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1 Comment

1 Comment

  1. Shea Oxton

    November 13, 2019 at 6:50 pm

    very cool

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Tribunal: MTN will defend views on data prices



Tribunal: MTN will defend views on data prices


MTN Group will defend its views on lower data prices before a Competition Tribunal if the competition watchdog refers the case, Rob Shuter, chief executive of the South African telecoms group, said on Thursday.

The country’s competition commission said earlier this month that Vodacom and MTN could face prosecution if they fail to cut data prices within two months, reports Reuters.

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Emefiele bags ‘Champion of Human Capital Development Award’



Emefiele bags ‘Champion of Human Capital Development Award’

Governor of the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) Mr. Godwin Emefiele,  has received Nigerian Tribune’s Platinum award of “Champion of Human Capital Development.”

The award was conferred on the CBN governor at the Tribune’s Platinum Awards and 70th year anniversary ceremony held  in Lagos on Tuesday.

The Chairman, African Newspapers of Nigeria Plc, publishers  of Tribune newspapers, Dr. Olatokunbo Awolowo Dosumu, commended  Emefiele for his tremendous  achievements in the country.

She noted that Emefiele as Governor of CBN had overseen  an interventionist policy that has ensured exchange rate stability over the last few years

She noted:”In 2019, Nigeria’s Senate approved a second five-year term for Emefiele. It was the first time that anyone had served for a second term in that capacity since Nigeria’s return to democracy in 1999.”

In his remarks, the representative of the CBN governor, Deputy Governor, Operations, CBN, Mr.  Folashodun Shonubi, commended the publishing company for honouring his boss.

Other  awardees  at the event  were  the Governor of Edo State,  Godwin Obaseki,  Governor of Sokoto state, Aminu Tambuwal, Governor of Delta state, Dr. Ifeanyi Okowa, Governor of Benue state, Sir Samuel Ortom,  and a former Ogun state Governor, Senator Ibikunle Amosun.

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Boosting security with communication centres



Boosting security with communication centres

Amidst rising insecurity in the country, the establishment of Emergency Communication Centres across the 36 states of the federation is seen as a major solution that will not only boost national security but also enhance lives of Nigerians. SAMSON AKINTARO reports



Nigeria’s telecommunications sector has no doubt recorded remarkable growth over the years.

With mobile subscriptions reaching over 180 million as of October and teledensity at 94.5 per cent, the country could be said to have achieved milestones in connecting the people.

However, the absence of a national emergency communication channel had for years deprived the country of the huge potential in telecommunications as a tool for national security.

While successive governments in the country had made attempts towards building emergency  ommunication centres, the project could not see the light of the day.

But the waiting seems to be over with the current efforts of Nigerian Communications Commission (NCC) as it embarks on the establishment of the ECC across the 36 states of the federation.

Already, 18 ECCs are said to have become operational in 17 states and the Federal Capital Territory, thus putting an end to failure of past years.

The centres

Speaking at the commissioning of one of the ECCs in Katsina recently, the Executive Vice Chairman of NCC, Prof Umar Danbatta, described the centre as a one-stop-shop through which members of the public can access help from any response agency such as the Nigeria Police Force, Federal Road Safety Commission (FRSC), the Nigerian Security and Civil Defence Corps (NSCDC), Fire and Ambulance Services, National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA) and so on by dialling the toll-free 112 from any network.

According to him, “each of the ECCs is equipped with the following facilities: eleven workstations (10 for call taking and one for the supervisor); a server system that receives and processes 112-calls from members of the public and then dispatches the calls to the appropriate agency that has responsibility to attend to the specific emergency.

“Members of the public do not have to memorise several 11-digit numbers from different response agencies, as it may have been the case; power supply mix consisting of public power supply from the national grid, two units of 100KVA generators; and two units of 20KVA UPS powered by 160 units of 100AH inverter batteries and a 10KVA UPS powered by 16 units of 100AH inverter batteries; and the facility is also equipped with six dispatch workstations for the response agencies.

“At the moment, 17 states and the FCT have functional ECCs. These are Kastina, Ogun, Kano, Plateau, Anambra, Enugu, Kaduna, Benue, Akwa Ibom, Cross River, Oyo, Edo, Ondo, Ekiti, Kwara, Adamawa and Imo states” he said, adding that efforts were ongoing to activate ECCs in the remaining states of the federation.


According to NCC’s Board Chairman, Senator Olabiyi Durojaiye, the ECC project is in line with President Muhammadu Buhari’s vision to enhance lives and properties of Nigerians, at a time the Federal Government is concerned about fighting insurgency, kidnapping, as well as mitigating road accidents, fire outbreaks or any other life-threatening occurrences in the country.

He said the centres would, among other benefits, provide citizens and members of the public with free and easy access to the agencies of government charged with the responsibility for public safety in times of distress.

“The centres will provide the response agencies such as the police, Nigeria Security and Civil Defence Corps (NSCDC), Federal Road Safety Commission (FRSC), Fire and Ambulance Services) and so on with timely information to prevent crime, rescue distressed people, mitigate and possibly prevent disasters. The resultant efficiency of the Response Agencies will, therefore, translate to more economic activities and boom for the country,” he said.

Why ECC?

Head, Emergency Communications project, NCC, Chukwuma Aizkiwe, said on assumption of office in 2015, Danbatta recognised the focus of President Muhammadu Buhari’s agenda which could be summed up in three: to improve economy, curb corruption and improve the security of lives and property.

“To this end, Prof. Danbatta-led NCC has prioritised the need to accelerate work on executing the Emergency Communications Centre (ECC) in each state of the Federation and the Federal Capital Territory.

“Consequently, in line with the NCA 2003, the Commission has revved up efforts to opening ECC in each state with an emergency number ‘112’ and is currently collaborating with necessary stakeholders in sync with the NCC’s 8-Point Agenda towards ensuring effective and efficient management of the ECC and service delivery; facilitate and ensuring adoption/usage and publicity of the 112 by the public and response agencies; enhancing the discharge of the statutory responsibility of the respective response agency in the country and decreasing emergency response time,” he said.

Stakeholders hail NCC

While the ECC initiative has already earned NCC recognition and awards for its efforts towards safeguarding the security of lives and property of Nigerians in the country through the execution of the project, stakeholders in security and emergency management have also commended the Commission.

A former Director-General of the National Emergency Agency (NEMA), Air Vice Marshal (AVM) Mohammed Audu-Bida, said the decision to establish Emergency Communication Centres across the 36 states of the federation by NCC was not only timely but very strategic given the imperative of communication in emergency or crisis management.

“Establishment of Emergency Communication Centres is one project that has always been dear to my heart. As the DG of NEMA, I conceptualised the idea of having emergency communication centres in the country,” he said.

Also reacting to this development, the Executive Secretary of the Centre for Crisis Communications (CCC), Air Commodore Yusuf Anas (rtd), considered it as heart-lifting, the report that NCC was establishing emergency centres across the states.

Anas assured that CCC was willing, able and ready to partner with NCC to ensure that the emergency centres function effectively.

“With our pool of experts in crisis communication and media management, we are sure to complement the effort of NCC in this regard,” he said.

The beginning

Section 107 (3) (a) & (b) of the Nigerian Communications Act (NCA) enacted in 2003 mandated the NCC to take immediate steps upon the commencement of the Act to promote and enhance public safety through the use of a particular number which shall be designed as the universal safety and emergency assistance number for telephone services generally; and; encourage and facilitate the prompt deployment throughout Nigeria of seamless, ubiquitous and reliable end-to-end infrastructure for emergency communications needs.

Consequently, in 2005, the then Minister of Communications, Chief Cornelius Adebayo, set up a ministerial committee to recommend modalities and procedures for the establishment of an emergency communications system for Nigeria.

The committee was made up of representatives of the Police, NCC, Ministry of Communications, National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA), the then Nigeria Telecommunications Limited (NITEL) and Mobile Network Operators (MNOs).

It is instructive that the ministerial committee made far-reaching recommendations that included the enactment of an Act of the National Assembly to create a National Emergency Communications Agency (NECA) to be responsible for the deployment, regulation and management of the centres all over the country.

The then President, Chief Olusegun Obasanjo, in 2006 subsequently gave approval for the implementation of the committee’s recommendations as presented by the minister.

However, in the absence of the recommended Act to create the proposed NECA, the Board of the NCC, in 2006, with the endorsement of the Federal Executive Council (FEC), approved the establishment of one-model Emergency Communications Centre (ECC) in each of the 36 States of the federation and the Federal Capital Territory (FCT), Abuja.

Each state was then requested to allocate a suitable piece of land, like its counterpart contribution for the establishment of the ECC, while NCC was to build, equip and operate the centres for some years before handing over to the states.

Last line

Though long in coming, the establishment of EECs will go a long way in helping security challenges and better management of emergency situations.

Therefore, there must be a continuous synergy between the commission, state government, security and response agencies to fully actualise the benefits of the centres towards enhancing national security to the benefit of the Nigerian public.

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ATCON to host Pantami in Abuja



ATCON to host Pantami in Abuja

The Association of Telecommunications Companies of Nigeria (ATCON) has concluded plans to host the Minister of Communications and Digital Economy, Dr Isa Ali Ibrahim Pantami to a ‘special reception’ in Abuja.

The Executive Secretary of ATCON, Ajibola Olude, who disclosed this,  said that the President of the association, Mr Olusola Teniola, would lead the special and high-powered reception.

He said that among the objectives of the event would be to formally introduce the honourable minister of communications to the captains of the industry.

In addition, he said, the reception would give the industry the opportunity to meet with him and share some of the challenges that are impacting negatively on the telecom industry in Nigeria and to offer the minister the opportunity to share his plans for the industry with the relevant stakeholders.

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Economic growth amidst rising unemployment



Economic growth amidst rising unemployment

Two years after it grew out of recession, the economy  consistently  maintains upward growth. Driven  predominantly by activities in  oil and non-oil sectors, the growth is dwarfed by significantly rising  unemployed population. Abdulwahab Isa reports


Africa’s largest economy shrank by 1.5 per cent in 2016, recording  its first annual contraction in 25 years.

It also   declined first quarter of 2017 due to lower oil revenue and a shortage of hard currency.

The economy witnessed relief in first quarter 2017.   

Government  deployed  a combination of  fiscal and monetary policy instruments, which eventually reversed the  slide. 

Nigeria’s economy grew out of recession in the second quarter of 2017, expanding 0.55 per cent year-on-year,  National Bureau Statistics had said at the time.

Two years after it emerged from recession, the  economy has grown.

According to latest GDP report  release by  National Bureau Statistics (NBS) for Q3 2019, the economy recorded marginal growth across all the sectors.

The growth came amidst inflationary pressures in food prices.


Sluggish  growth:

Latest GDP report by NBS indicates that the economy, consistent with its pattern, recorded slight growth in third quarter of 2019.

It grew by 2.28 per cent (year-on-year) in real term.

The growth rate in Q3 2019 represents the second highest quarterly rate recorded since 2017  when Nigeria economy emerged from  recession.

Compared to third quarter of 2018, which recorded a growth of 1.81 per cent, the real GDP growth rate observed in the third quarter of 2019 indicates an increase of 0.47 per cent points.

Relative to the second quarter of 2019, which recorded a growth rate of 2.12 per cent, Q3 2019 represents an increase of 0.17 per cent points.

“On a quarter on quarter basis, real GDP grew by 9.23 per cent. The growth rate in Q3 2019 represents the second highest quarterly rate recorded since 2016. In the quarter under review, aggregate GDP stood at N37,806,924.41 million in nominal terms. This performance is higher compared to the aggregate of N33,368,049.14 million recorded in the third quarter of 2018, representing a year on year nominal growth rate of 13.30 per cent,” NBS said.

Oil sector real growth  was 6.49 per cent (year-on-year) in Q3 2019 indicating an increase of 9.40 per cent points relative to rate recorded in the corresponding quarter of 2018. The rate was , however lower by –0.68 per cent points when compared to Q2 2019 which was 7.17 per cent.

The current  output, according to data agency,  was 0.1mbpd higher than the daily average production of 1.94mbpd recorded in the same quarter of 2018, and 0.02mbpd higher than the revised oil production levels in Q2.

Similarly, the non- oil sector recorded significant growth going by NBS latest GDP data.   Non-oil sector grew by 1.85 per cent in real terms during the reference quarter. This is –0.48 per cent points lower when compared to the rate recorded in the same quarter of 2018 but 0.20 per cent points higher than the second quarter of 2019.

Major drivers of non-oil sector include agriculture, mining & quarrying, information and communication sub- sector;  transportation and storage.

Effect of border closure

Desirous of protecting the economy against flagrant dumping of substandard foreign goods , the Federal Government shut its land borders to Republic of Niger, Ghana and Cameron respectively.

The closure, which took effect August 2019, put seal to entry of foreign rice and other commodities, hitherto, being smuggled into Nigeria via land borders.

Government gesture gave the economy the  breathing space it needed to grow.  Production of local rice has received huge patronage. It has spurred massive employment  across rice value chain  production leading to expansion and growth in GDP.

Speaking to New Telegraph on implication of border closure and the gains on economy with  reference to  third quarter, 2019  GDP growth, development economist,  Odillim Enwegbara, noted that no nation opened her borders to every country without restraint.

“The growth  is real.  I won’t tell you it is not;  It’s possible.  That’s one of the benefits of border closure. Unrestricted borders  is at the core of her economic problem. Border closure isn’t the only causes of Nigeria economic problems but it’s one of the major causes.

“If you allow every manner of good and services to be dumped in your economy space, it would restrict real economic activities that would have taken place in your country. So, is a welcome development and I’m looking at Nigeria economy moving from single digit to double digits. Who says it can’t happen? But we all have to be part of economic growth plan,” he noted.

Odillim said the GDP growth signalled rebound in local investment, adding that a lot would still have to done to bolster and deepen the economy.

“Confidence is returning, but  there is still issues  regarding foreign investors. What’s happening is that, we are taking advantage of border closure, which was supposed to have been closed a long time.

“There won’t be any investor confidence in economy when we have this  kind of insecurity problem. The security problem must be dealt  with. No government expects growth, rapid industrialisation  when there is major problem with security;  goods and services and human being can’t move freely because of fear of the unknown,” he said.

Also commenting on GDP growth,  budget analyst, and Lead Director, Centre for Social Justice, Eze Onyekpere, said the growth was insignificant and unable to fill the gap created by huge unemployed hands.

He noted that while the GDP growth was an increase over previous one, it was a tepid growth, a figure yet to meet the spiraling population rise.

According to him, “although the 2.28 per cent GDP growth is an improvement on the performance from previous quarters, it is rather tepid. It is yet to meet the population growth figure of about three per cent per annum.

“Considering Nigeria’s poor credentials in inclusive and sustainable growth, new policy measures are needed to drive economic growth to not less than eight per cent per annum, with a road map to sustain this kind of growth for not less than ten years. This is possible if the political will is combined with getting the best hands to run the economy and thinking through policy measures before they are implemented.”

Danger of unemployment

A recently released World Bank report indicated Nigeria’s high unemployment rate dwarfed her economic growth

Titled “Jumpstarting Inclusive Growth: Unlocking the Productive Potential of Nigeria’s People and Resource Endowments,” the global bank in the   report projected  growth  to pick up from 1.9 per cent in 2018 to two percent in 2019 and 2.1 per cent in 2020-21.

It  described growth recorded by Nigeria economy as insufficient, noting that growth  outlook was  vulnerable to external and domestic risks, including geopolitical and trade tensions that may affect inflows of private investment.

According to the report, Nigeria has the opportunity to advance reforms to mitigate risks amid growing public demand for greater economic opportunities.

It added that  Nigeria’s labor force was  growing rapidly, stating that  in 2018 alone,  over five million Nigerians entered the labor market. This resulted in 4.9 million more unemployed people in the last year.  While  some states recorded feats in the area of job creation, the jobs were not enough to absorb the number of fresh entrants to the labour market.

“Positive news are emerging from some states that are creating enough jobs to keep up with the growth of their labor forces. In the year following the recession (between the first quarter of 2017 and the first quarter of 2018), 10 states saw some positive job creation, but the number of new jobs was not enough to absorb the new entrants into the labor force.

“The situation improved by the third quarter of 2018, as four states (Lagos, Rivers, Enugu, and Ondo) created more jobs than the entrants to the labor market, and as a result these states reduced unemployment,” the bank said.

Commenting  on the latest  report, World  Bank Country Director, Shubham Chaudhuri, said the reforms would help achieve faster, more inclusive, and sustained growth with jobs.

“Building on recent efforts, going forward, we recommend actions in priority areas, including increasing fiscal revenue and improving the quality of spending to manage oil-sector volatility, investing in much-needed human capital and infrastructure, and improving the business climate to unlock private investment and tackle Nigeria’s jobs challenge.”

“The report discusses ways to boost the productivity and resilience of the Nigerian economy, including: leveraging trade integration to harness the benefits of the Africa Continental Free Trade Area; improving the efficiency of spending in education; monitoring the impact of conflict to protect the poor and vulnerable; and leveraging digital technologies to diversify the economy and create jobs for young workers. “Investing in people and removing barriers that make it difficult for new firms to compete and grow will encourage entrepreneurship and innovation, spur job growth, and ultimately reduce poverty,” said Chaudhuri.

Last line

There is danger lurking around the economy unless drastic steps and concrete measures  are taken to match GDP growth with creation of  sufficient jobs that will engage the rising population.

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9mobile slashes roaming rates for U.S., others



9mobile slashes roaming rates for U.S., others

Mobile network operator, 9mobile, has introduced roaming packages that offer lowest voice calls, SMS and data rates for its customers travelling to the United States, United Arab Emirates, and 44 other European and African countries.

Through the package tagged ‘Super 50 Offer’, the operator said customers on the network could make or receive calls for as low as N50 per minute, send or receive SMS at N50 per page, as well as use data at N50/MB on a pay-as-you-go basis.

“With these latest offers, 9mobile is enabling its customers travelling to any of these 46 destinations to stay connected with their loved ones back home without any inconvenience,” the company said in a statement.

According to Acting Director, Marketing, 9mobile, ‘Layi Onafowokan, the US ‘Super 50 Offer’ is currently the lowest package offered by any Nigerian network operator to customers travelling to the USA. “Calls within the US and calls to Nigeria are charged at N50 per minute; incoming calls at N50 per minute; SMS at N50 per page; while PAYG data is now N50/MB,” he said. This offer is in partnership with renowned US Telecom Company, AT&T, and Etisalat UAE among others.

On the UAE ‘Super 50 Offer’ roaming package in partnership with Etisalat UAE, the company said its customers enjoy discounted rates for voice calls at N50 within UAE and calls back to Nigeria, SMS at N25 per SMS, and data at N25 per MB. Customers also benefit from free 100 minutes/month to receive calls on recharge the threshold of N5000 in a month.

“The ‘Euro Afrique Offer’ is currently available in partnership with carriers like Vodafone, Orange, Vodacom, and Airtel in Germany, Ireland, the United Kingdom, Spain, Portugal, Sweden and The Netherlands. Nigerians travelling to African countries including Egypt, Congo DR, Botswana, Morocco, Mozambique, Ivory Coast and South Africa, will also enjoy the offer,” Onafowokan said.

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Truecaller: Telcos account for 85% spam calls in Nigeria



Truecaller: Telcos account for 85% spam calls in Nigeria

Telecommunications operators in Nigeria are responsible for 85 per cent of spam calls and SMS received by mobile users in the country while telemarketing accounted for only three per cent, a report by Truecaller has revealed.

The report also indicated that Nigeria was one of the top 20 countries affected by spam calls and SMS globally.

According to the study, the average Truecaller user in Nigeria receives 8.4 spam calls per month, which is 20 per cent higher than last year.

This year, Brazil topped the list, with the average Truecaller user receiving 45.6 spam calls monthly. 

Brazil is followed by Peru and Indonesia at 30.9 and 27.9 spam calls respectively.  This report had countries in North and South America dominating the list.  They were: Mexico, Chile, the USA, Colombia and Canada.

The other continent, which featured prominently, is Asia, parading countries like Indonesia, India, UAE, Sri Lanka, Israel, Lebanon and Malaysia.

Besides Nigeria, South Africa and Egypt were the other African countries affected by spam calls, with the latter having the least record of spam calls in 2019.

For spam SMS, Nigeria ranked 7th among the top 20 countries affected.

The average Truecaller user in Nigeria received 65 spam SMS per month. 

However, Ethiopia came tops with the average Truecaller user receiving 119 spam SMS per month, followed by South Africa with 114 and Kenya with 102 spam SMS monthly.

In all, nine countries in Africa and nine countries in Asia dominated the list of recipients of spam SMS.  Brazil and Colombia were the only American countries on the list.

Truecaller users in Ghana received the least number of spam SMS.

Truecaller Insights Report 2019 was aggregated anonymously from incoming calls that either was marked as spam by users – or automatically being flagged by Truecaller during the period of January 1st, 2019 to October 30th, 2019 to understand the monthly average spam rate.

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Border closure: OPS vindicated over inflation



Border closure: OPS vindicated over inflation

Recently, the Federal Government admitted that the closure of the nation’s borders contributed to rising inflation in the country, a position earlier aired by members of the organised private sector. Taiwo Hassan reports



Indeed, the country’s economy is already witnessing some negative signs of the recent border closure, with the third quarter report of the country’s gross domestic product (GDP) by the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) showing that the country’s annual inflation rate increased to 11.61 per cent in October 2019 from 11.24 per cent in the previous month.

Members of the organised private sector had already pointed out to the federal government that its decision to shut the borders would have dire consequence on the economy.

Private sector           

In fact, when the Comptroller-General, Nigerian Customs Service, retired Col. Hameed Ali, said that the Federal Government had ordered the complete closure of the Nigerian border by placing a ban on both legitimate and illegitimate movement of goods in and out of the country, the private sector operators warned that the country’s economy should expect dire consequences following the announcement.

Speaking with this newspaper, the Director-General of the Manufacturers Association of Nigeria (MAN), Segun Ajayi-Kadir, warned that the country’s manufacturing sector and export segment of the economy were in for more trouble with that harsh decision taken by government.

Ajayi-Kadir pointed out the economic danger the continued closure was having on the growth and development of the country’s real sector. 

He particularly stated that government should expect a dire consequence on the country’s economy with this harsh decision in the short, medium and long terms.

The MAN director-general explained further that there was no way the real sector of the economy could contribute to the country’s gross domestic product amid the decision, warning that the country’s production capacity utilisation could fall to an all-time low, with mass closure of industries, downsizing of workers and high inventory of unsold goods.

Ajayi-Kadir noted that Nigerian manufacturing sector’s core business was all about import and export of goods and raw materials, adding that these were the areas that are sustaining the country’s local manufacturers, who are into production of goods and service.

Similarly, the Director-General of Lagos Chamber of Commerce and Industry (LCCI), Muda Yusuf, reckoned with the fact that the closure had severely affected costs, supply chain disruptions and losses in businesses both corporates and individuals.     

Yusuf said the corporates, who are large number of informal sector players and individuals doing legitimate businesses across the borders, werre the victims of the border closure.

Consequently, this poses a dilemma even though government means well, but there are many innocent casualties in the country’s manufacturing sector.

Yusuf said: “As we celebrate the benefits, we should also count the costs. Jobs have been lost, prices have skyrocketed, legitimate exports to the sub-region have been halted, intermediate products for some manufacturers have been cut off, some multinational companies have been de-linked from their sister companies in the sub-region. The economies of border communities have been paralysed with consequences for unemployment and poverty.”


The Minister of Finance, Budget and National Planning, Mrs. Zainab Ahmed, recently admitted that closure of the nation’s borders contributed to the rising inflation in the country, showing that the border policy of government has affected growth and development of the economy, with the real sector of the economy having the larger share of the possible outcome.    

Ahmed, however, assured that the closure was temporary as government expects the neighbouring countries to respect ECOWAS protocols to fast track reopening of the borders.

But the reopening is taking longer than expected with reports that Benin Republic and Niger Republic are yet to align with the protocols.

She explained that despite complaints by some Nigerians on the negative effects, its benefits outweigh any hardship people may be complaining about.

According to her, “I need to remind us that the border closure is temporary. We have really advanced in our discussions between ourselves and our neighbours. We expect that the outcomes of those discussions and agreements are that each party will respect the protocols that we all committed to and then the borders will be open again.

“What we are doing is important for our economy.

“We signed up to the African Continental Free Trade Area (ACFTA) agreement, we have to make sure that we put in place checks to make sure that our economy will not be overrun as a result of the coming into effect of the ACFTA. That is why we have this border closure to return to the discipline of respecting the protocols that we all committed to.”

Similarly, the Minister of Information and Culture, Alhaji Lai Mohammed, said that the benefits for border closure far surpassed the very little increase in inflation.

Mohammed was quoted to have said that the border closure was the best thing to have come to Nigeria’s economy positively in recent times.

He added that the closure have spot on the long time challenges Nigeria had been enduring in the ECOWAS protocols.

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With the report that other neighbouring countries are not willing to respect the ECOWAS protocol, the OPS says the country’s economy should expect more hardship with businesses on the threshold of going under.

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Yuletide: Report predicts likely rice scarcity



Yuletide: Report predicts likely rice scarcity

There are indications that the Federal Government’s border closure policy is set to trigger rice scarcity and price hike during and beyond the Yuletide.

This is as Rice Processors Association of Nigeria (RPAN) battle to meet consumers’ demand for the grain with total consumption estimated at seven million tonnes and local production at four million tonnes.

Although, the rice processor group affirmed that its members had the capacity to meet the demand for rice during and beyond the Yuletide.

According to a report by Pricewaterhousecooper (PwC), the shortfall of three million in rice production is expected to trigger scarcity of the commodity during this period as Nigerians rush to buy available ones in the market.

PwC said in the report that Nigeria needed to increase its rice production to 7.2 million tonnes next year to meet local demand and sufficiency.

According to the firm, to achieve this, it estimated that Nigeria would need to, at least triple, its current stock of machinery over the same period, saying that the border closure could worsen the set objective of meeting local consumption demand.

It described rice as one of the most consumed staples in Nigeria, with consumption per capita of 32 kilogram, adding that in the past decade, consumption had increased by 4.7 per cent, almost four times the global consumption growth, and reached 6.4 million tonnes in 2017 – accounting for 20 per cent of Africa’s consumption.

Given the importance of rice as a staple food in Nigeria, the report said boosting rice production had been accorded high priority by government in the past seven years.

“Significant progress has been recorded; rice production in Nigeria reached a peak of 3.7 million tonnes in 2017.

“In addition, as population increases, along with rural to urban migration, ensuring food security in key staples becomes critical. However, food security cannot be achieved by a system that depends almost entirely on human muscle power and other manual methods,” it said.

While responding to the three million rice production shortfall, the RPAN Chairman, Alhaji Mohammed Abubakar, assured that the combined capacity of integrated mills produced about 150,000 truck load of rice on a daily basis as well as 1.8 million metric tonnes annually.

He said members were aware that there will be mass rush for the commodity during and beyond Yuletide and, as a result, were already putting things in order to minimise scarcity.

Abubakar said the figure was apart from millions of metric tonnes produced annually by small scale millers.

He said that speculations that there would be scarcity of rice during this Christmas period should be disregarded, adding that there would be enough supply in the country.

“I can assure Nigerians that they will find rice everywhere and throughout this festive period,” he said.

The RPAN chairman also noted that the positive impact of Federal Government’s border closure on rice millers was enormous.

Abubakar said that Nigeria relied on rice importation with only one rice mill in operation about 10 years ago, but today the country can boast of 40 integrated milling machines of world standard.

He disclosed that before the border closure, members of the association had been complaining that they could not sell the product in their warehouses but that since the borders were closed, they had since exhausted their stock.

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Expert: Nigeria must brace for cyberattacks



Expert: Nigeria must brace for cyberattacks

Nigeria’s move to digitise the economy comes with lots of benefits and huge risks that the country must be well prepared for, a cybersecurity expert has said.

Chief Executive Officer of Medallion Communications, Mr. Ikechukwu Nnamani, who stated this, said cybercriminals were on the prowl to take advantage of any loophole in everything that is digital, hence, Nigeria’s digital economy must be backed by robust cyber-security framework.

With the addition of ‘Digital Economy’ to the Ministry of Communications functions, government said it would ensure that all areas of governance become digitised for the country to benefit from the global digital economy.

While commending government’s push for digitisation, Nnamani said the moment that was achieved, “we are going to see a lot of public sector services and general services migrating to the digital platform and that is where you run the risk of cybercrimes.”

According to him, in a digital economy, all government services are made available online, while facilities such as electricity supply, train movement, among others are controlled with technology. He said before these are put in place in Nigeria, the country must double its cybersecurity efforts.

“As the country is transitioning into a digital economy, cybercrimes become a bigger risk compared to what we are currently experiencing.  Suddenly, you can wake up one day and find out that the Federal Government of Nigeria is being held into ransom by hackers.

“We have witnessed series of attacks on government and public facilities in the developed countries, but we are spared of that today because our economy is not yet digitised, we are in an un-smart economy,” he said.

Nnamani, however, noted that despite the risks, the country must go digital as it is the only way to remain relevant in the global economy.

“Now, Nigeria as a country can’t turn away from this, it must go digital because that is the future. But that also means there will be more exposure to the cyberspace beyond what we are doing today, which is why we must be prepared.

“The country’s cybercrime report recently released showed that Nigerian businesses are more prone to attacks than other businesses in Africa as the country has the lowest number of cybersecurity experts per person.  The shortage of expertise is said to have contributed largely to the rising cases of cybercrimes in the country, leading to a loss of about N288 billion ($800 million) by businesses in 2018.

“The losses in that period were incurred mostly by commercial banks, government, and telecommunications operators in the country, according to the report. Before now, the Federal Government had said that the country loses N127 billion annually to cybercrimes.

“In the course of our study, we found out that the country is ill-equipped in terms of cybersecurity experts to address the challenges facing her. This is in spite of the fact that the number of experts in the country has grown from about 2000 to 3,500,” the report by Demadiur Systems stated.

According to the report, with the cost of cybercrime increasing every year across Nigeria, lack of local cybersecurity skillset is a big challenge to businesses and governments in the country.

“From our analysis, we identified that this skill gap comes from two major sources: Few skillset in the nation and the inability of companies to have a cybersecurity team and strategy. With the number of SMEs and large organisations in the country facing cybersecurity threats compared to the 3500 certified security professionals in Nigeria, it is clear that Nigerian businesses are easy targets for both local and international hackers,” the report read.

With the low-security expertise, Demadiur Systems said the study conducted in Nigeria also revealed that more Nigerians were going into cybercrimes as attacks from the country have increased.

“We found out that locally engineered malware experts on the rise, which indicates that more Nigerians are going into the crime.

“In 2016, there was one cybersecurity expert for every 124,587 Nigerians, while this marginally improved to one expert for every 106,048 Nigerians in 2017; in 2018, it abysmally stood at one expert for every 103,093 citizens. There is a need to have people well trained in that space and also to have a certification process to ensure that the right skill needed is acquired,” the report read.

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