Insecurity: Lawan calls for restructuring of police

President of the Senate, Dr.Ahmad Lawan, yesterday called for a holistic restructuring of the security architecture of the Nigeria Police Force, equipping of police training institutions and training of men and officers of the force to be able to operate more effectively.

Lawan also cautioned that the leadership of the National Assembly would no longer tolerate continuous killing of Nigerians by criminals who activities were threatening the security of the country.

He expressed these positions in his remarks on a Bill for an Act to repeal the Police Act and enact the Nigeria Police Bill 2019, to provide for a framework for the police service, which passed second reading.

“We are in a very unusual time. When Nigeria was at war at one stage, there was very rigorous recruitment of soldiers, because the situation demanded that. I think we are in a similar situation and it is only fair for us as leaders of this country to take this challenge.

“This bill should consider the restructuring of the command and structure of the police. The present structure is not working, the Police Trust Fund is already accruing, the last count I was told there was about N52 billion or so, but it is not about throwing money at the police. You need to adjust the structure; otherwise that money will just be a sinking fund.

“So, we should be in a hurry to recruit, to train and retrain. Equipping the police training institutions is supposed to be one vital aspect of getting our security arrangements right, and this is something that we have to do in a hurry, even if it means going for supplementary budget, so be it.

“The kind of situation we are in, with the lives that are lost on a daily basis is something we cannot tolerate, and in fact, we should be on the right side of history,” the Senate President said.

Sponsor of the bill, Senator Haliru Jika, had earlier in his lead debate, said that the bill sought to provide for the framework for the police service and ensure cooperation and partnership between the police and communities in maintaining peace and combating crime and insecurity in Nigeria.

He noted that when passed, the bill would among other things; address the recurrent challenges and deficiencies in structure, appointments, promotions, discipline, postings, trainings, kitting, weaponry, living condition, pension and retirement benefits.

“The general welfare of our dear gallant officers, within the Nigeria Police Force, has persisted, largely because of the draconian and out-dated statutes that guides policing in Nigeria.

“The present Police Act is not only fraught with deficiencies, but strangely, the major organisation, duties, and powers of the Nigeria Police Force, as encapsulated in the present Act, have largely remained as set out in the 1943 Police Act.

“It is in recognition of the inherent shortcomings in the extant Police Act and the seemingly intractable challenge of insecurity in our country that had necessitated the proposed repeal of the extant Act and the enactment of a new one in its place, in consonance with the dictates of international best practices and realities of present-day, Nigeria,” Jika said.

He warned that violent crimes such as terrorism, kidnapping, armed robbery and banditry, suicide bombing, ethno-religious killings, suicides, election violence and other forms of nefarious activities, characterised daily living in Nigeria.

The bill also sought to amend the extant Police Act in respect to the appointment, removal and tenure of the Inspector-General of Police.

Jika said since 1999, Nigeria had 10 Inspectors-General of Police, one which made for an average tenure of two years in service.

He added that the new bill also provided for the establishment of community police forums and boards by the commissioner of police of each state that shall consist of representatives of the police force and the local community.

The lawmaker explained that the introduction of community police by the bill was a “paradigm shift from the traditional police system to a community-participatory system of policing, uniting ordinary citizens in their respective communities with the police in the prevention, detection and resolving crimes.”

He added that except there was an amendment to the extant Act of the Nigeria Police Force, the new Police Trust Fund Act signed recently into law by President Muhammadu Buhari, may not achieve the level of effectiveness and outcome desired.

Senators in their separate contributions condemned the spate of killings across the country and called for the speedy consideration and passage of the new Police Bill by the National Assembly.

Senator Abbo Elisha Ishaku (PDP – Adamawa North), who spoke on the bill said: “Mr. President, we all know that the Nigeria Police is the lead agency in maintaining internal security. Any other agency will only be supporting the police, but the police take the front lead.

“South Africa has fifty million people, yet they have 1.9 million policemen policing their people. In Nigeria, over two hundred million people are policed by three hundred thousand policemen and we want security, how do we want to do it?

“If you look at the funding of the police, it is nothing to write about. Few days ago, we brought the IGP here, and he told us that they are doing operation somewhere. The next day it was on the front page of newspapers.

“They attacked trains in Kaduna and it was successful, and their helicopter was shot at with AA-52 rifles. Today, the Nigerian police are still bearing AK-47 rifles and Boko Haram are using GPMG.

“Mr. President, I’m supporting this bill holistically. We should consider establishing police training school in each command, so that we can put as many men as possible in the Nigerian Police.

“If they need special training, they should take them to those premier police colleges, but we need enough manpower now in this country,” Senator Ishaku added.

The bill was thereafter referred by the Senate President, Ahmad Lawan, to the Committee on Police Affairs, for further legislative work.

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